Women athletes have been fighting for equal opportunityfor years. Title IX, a 37-word law, paved the way to do just that. The passingof Title IX has helped provide women with more equality than ever before. Priorto Title IX, there were a scarce number of opportunities that existed for womenathletes. For example, the only physical activity that girls could participatein for the most part was cheer leading.
There was a shortage of women athletescompeting in NCAA sports; there were only around 30,000 female athletescompeting in comparison to the 150,000 male athletes. Only 1 in 27 girls playedhigh school sports. The National Collegiate Athletic Association was largely toblame for this. The National Collegiate Athletic Association, also known as theNCAA, was formed in 1906 to design and implement rules in men’s football. TheNCAA became the elite “ruling body of college athletics and offered zeroathletic scholarships for women and also held no championships for women’steams. Furthermore, facilities, supplies and funding were all lacking for womenathletes.
” (history.com) Title IX was devised to rectify these imbalances and administerequal rights and quality for women athletes. The road to equality for women in sport has been an extensiveand rough one. The journey for equality began when Richard Nixon enacted TitleIX of the Education Amendments in 1972. The sponsors of the law were EdithGreen, the House of Representatives, and Birch Bayh, the Senate. This law statedthat “No person in the United States shall, on the basis of sex, be excludedfrom participation in, be denied the benefits of, or be subjected todiscrimination under any education program or activity receiving Federalfinancial assistance.
” Essentially, Title IX prohibited sex discriminationin any educational program or activity receiving any type of federal financialaid. Initially this law was designed to increase federal funding, but laterbecame more closely associated with gender equality in sports. The next majormilestone for Title IX was