Women athletics and offered zero athletic scholarships for


Women athletes have been fighting for equal opportunity
for years. Title IX, a 37-word law, paved the way to do just that. The passing
of Title IX has helped provide women with more equality than ever before. Prior
to Title IX, there were a scarce number of opportunities that existed for women
athletes. For example, the only physical activity that girls could participate
in for the most part was cheer leading. There was a shortage of women athletes
competing in NCAA sports; there were only around 30,000 female athletes
competing in comparison to the 150,000 male athletes. Only 1 in 27 girls played
high school sports. The National Collegiate Athletic Association was largely to
blame for this. The National Collegiate Athletic Association, also known as the
NCAA, was formed in 1906 to design and implement rules in men’s football. The
NCAA became the elite “ruling body of college athletics and offered zero
athletic scholarships for women and also held no championships for women’s
teams. Furthermore, facilities, supplies and funding were all lacking for women
athletes. ” (history.com) Title IX was devised to rectify these imbalances and administer
equal rights and quality for women athletes.

The road to equality for women in sport has been an extensive
and rough one. The journey for equality began when Richard Nixon enacted Title
IX of the Education Amendments in 1972. The sponsors of the law were Edith
Green, the House of Representatives, and Birch Bayh, the Senate. This law stated
that “No person in the United States shall, on the basis of sex, be excluded
from participation in, be denied the benefits of, or be subjected to
discrimination under any education program or activity receiving Federal
financial assistance.” Essentially, Title IX prohibited sex discrimination
in any educational program or activity receiving any type of federal financial
aid. Initially this law was designed to increase federal funding, but later
became more closely associated with gender equality in sports. The next major
milestone for Title IX was

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