With to two powerful weapons, he now has


With Germany surrendering on May 7th, 1945
this left the Allies as predominate victors of World War II. Though only one
thing stood in the Allies way, the Japanese had not yet surrendered. With time
passing, and no surrender from Japan, Harry S. Truman must act to try and bring
WWII to an end. Truman having access to two powerful weapons, he now has the
decision whether to use them or not. On August 6th, 1945 the USA
drops the first ever atomic weapon on the Japanese city of Hiroshima. Without a
surrender from the Japanese, 3 days later another atomic bomb is dropped on
Nagasaki. Not only did the atomic bomb have an massive effect on the day they
were dropped, they continue to have a massive effect on generations of
Japanese. Although the dropping of the atomic bombs brought WWII to an end, the
USA was not justified in dropping the atomic bombs on the Japanese cities of
Hiroshima and Nagasaki.

            First, many believe that the
Japanese were known to not surrender and would continue to fight. If the
Japanese did not surrender, an invasion of Japan would have to take place,
extending WWII and increasing the death toll for both sides. Though this was a
valid argument for dropping the atomic bomb, it has been revealed that the
Japanese Army and Navy spokesmen had approached Army officials in trying to
negotiate a surrender settlement. The surrender settlement would allow the
Japanese to retain the Emperor, who the Japanese viewed as a God. The Japanese
Government were unwilling to compromise to an unconditional surrender due to
the retention of the Emperor being involved with the surrender. The Japanese
pleaded assurance in retaining the Emperor once they had surrendered. If the
Allies accepted these terms the Japanese would have undoubtedly surrendered.
The USA pursued in dropping the atomic bombs. Once the Japanese surrendered the
Allies accepted the terms of Japan retaining their Emperor. If the Allies were
willing to accept the terms of allowing Japan to retain the Emperor, why would
they not accept it earlier? The USA only created extra bloodshed, which is what
they wanted to “avoid”. This bloodshed would have been avoided if they had
accepted the Japanese’s terms earlier and not after the bombings. The atomic
bomb was not required in getting the Japanese to surrender in WWII.

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            Next, the dropping of the atomic
bombs was simply inhumane. Though, the surprise attack on Pearl Harbor was
inhumane, which many would use in defense of dropping the atomic bombs. The atomic
bombs exponentially had a greater short-term and long-term effect compared to
the attack on Pearl Harbor. When the atomic bombs were dropped they immediately
vaporized, killed or burned civilians close enough to the bomb. Buildings and
homes were destroyed, and thousands were buried within the scattered debris.
Long-term, radiation haunts the survivors of the atomic bombs. It brought
sicknesses, an increase in the rates of cancer, and the offspring of survivors
had birth defects that continue to pass down each generation. Those survivors
who could not cope with the trauma committed suicide. Hundreds of thousands of
civilians including women, children and the elderly suffered from the atomic
bombs. The atomic bomb continued to kill even after World War II was over. In
total, the two atomic bombs killed a total of 240,000+ civilians. The USA knew
how powerful the atomic bombs were and even continued to drop the second bomb
on Nagasaki although they seen the effects of the first bomb on Hiroshima. The
atomic bombs left Japan and their citizens crippled and in despair, and should
not have been dropped.

            Finally, the atomic bomb was used as
a threat to the Soviet Union. In 1945, the year both atomic bombs were dropped,
USA and the Soviet Union relation began to deteriorate. USA and the Soviet
Union were both major military powerhouses and would both want world dominance.
The USA was already thinking of what would occur post-war, the Soviet Union expanding
their territory in Europe would be a main notion. The USA would look for a
solution in limiting what the Soviet Union would gain when the map of Europe
would be redrawn. At the Potsdam Conference, Truman would mention a new weapon
of indestructible force to Stalin, the leader of the Soviet Union. The atomic
bombs would show case how technologically advanced the USA was compared to the
Soviet Union, in terms of power, military and world dominance. The USA believed
the atomic bomb would make the Soviet Union more manageable of their post-war
negotiations. The USA did not want the Soviet Union expanding their territories,
increasing their power and establishing themselves as the world leaders. To ensure
this did not occur, the USA used the atomic bombs to scare, and hopefully push-back
the Soviet Union.

            The dropping of the atomic bombs is
a historical event that many do not wish to look back at. The effects of the
atomic bombs are still around today, and will likely continue to effect future
generations of Japanese. The dropping of the atomic bombs is a very controversial
question. Whether it was justified or not, both sides have arguments that are
valid and could have been the case during these times in WWII. The dropping of
the atomic bombs outlined majority of World War II, the mass murder of people. The
atomic bomb would end WWII, but not in a suitable way. The USA was not justified
in dropping the atomic bomb on the Japanese cities of Hiroshima and Nagasaki.

           

 

 

 

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