With Germany surrendering on May 7th, 1945this left the Allies as predominate victors of World War II. Though only onething stood in the Allies way, the Japanese had not yet surrendered. With timepassing, and no surrender from Japan, Harry S. Truman must act to try and bringWWII to an end. Truman having access to two powerful weapons, he now has thedecision whether to use them or not. On August 6th, 1945 the USAdrops the first ever atomic weapon on the Japanese city of Hiroshima. Without asurrender from the Japanese, 3 days later another atomic bomb is dropped onNagasaki.
Not only did the atomic bomb have an massive effect on the day theywere dropped, they continue to have a massive effect on generations ofJapanese. Although the dropping of the atomic bombs brought WWII to an end, theUSA was not justified in dropping the atomic bombs on the Japanese cities ofHiroshima and Nagasaki. First, many believe that theJapanese were known to not surrender and would continue to fight. If theJapanese did not surrender, an invasion of Japan would have to take place,extending WWII and increasing the death toll for both sides. Though this was avalid argument for dropping the atomic bomb, it has been revealed that theJapanese Army and Navy spokesmen had approached Army officials in trying tonegotiate a surrender settlement. The surrender settlement would allow theJapanese to retain the Emperor, who the Japanese viewed as a God.
The JapaneseGovernment were unwilling to compromise to an unconditional surrender due tothe retention of the Emperor being involved with the surrender. The Japanesepleaded assurance in retaining the Emperor once they had surrendered. If theAllies accepted these terms the Japanese would have undoubtedly surrendered.The USA pursued in dropping the atomic bombs. Once the Japanese surrendered theAllies accepted the terms of Japan retaining their Emperor. If the Allies werewilling to accept the terms of allowing Japan to retain the Emperor, why wouldthey not accept it earlier? The USA only created extra bloodshed, which is whatthey wanted to “avoid”. This bloodshed would have been avoided if they hadaccepted the Japanese’s terms earlier and not after the bombings. The atomicbomb was not required in getting the Japanese to surrender in WWII.
Next, the dropping of the atomicbombs was simply inhumane. Though, the surprise attack on Pearl Harbor wasinhumane, which many would use in defense of dropping the atomic bombs. The atomicbombs exponentially had a greater short-term and long-term effect compared tothe attack on Pearl Harbor. When the atomic bombs were dropped they immediatelyvaporized, killed or burned civilians close enough to the bomb. Buildings andhomes were destroyed, and thousands were buried within the scattered debris.Long-term, radiation haunts the survivors of the atomic bombs. It broughtsicknesses, an increase in the rates of cancer, and the offspring of survivorshad birth defects that continue to pass down each generation.
Those survivorswho could not cope with the trauma committed suicide. Hundreds of thousands ofcivilians including women, children and the elderly suffered from the atomicbombs. The atomic bomb continued to kill even after World War II was over. Intotal, the two atomic bombs killed a total of 240,000+ civilians. The USA knewhow powerful the atomic bombs were and even continued to drop the second bombon Nagasaki although they seen the effects of the first bomb on Hiroshima. Theatomic bombs left Japan and their citizens crippled and in despair, and shouldnot have been dropped. Finally, the atomic bomb was used asa threat to the Soviet Union.
In 1945, the year both atomic bombs were dropped,USA and the Soviet Union relation began to deteriorate. USA and the SovietUnion were both major military powerhouses and would both want world dominance.The USA was already thinking of what would occur post-war, the Soviet Union expandingtheir territory in Europe would be a main notion. The USA would look for asolution in limiting what the Soviet Union would gain when the map of Europewould be redrawn. At the Potsdam Conference, Truman would mention a new weaponof indestructible force to Stalin, the leader of the Soviet Union. The atomicbombs would show case how technologically advanced the USA was compared to theSoviet Union, in terms of power, military and world dominance.
The USA believedthe atomic bomb would make the Soviet Union more manageable of their post-warnegotiations. The USA did not want the Soviet Union expanding their territories,increasing their power and establishing themselves as the world leaders. To ensurethis did not occur, the USA used the atomic bombs to scare, and hopefully push-backthe Soviet Union. The dropping of the atomic bombs isa historical event that many do not wish to look back at. The effects of theatomic bombs are still around today, and will likely continue to effect futuregenerations of Japanese. The dropping of the atomic bombs is a very controversialquestion.
Whether it was justified or not, both sides have arguments that arevalid and could have been the case during these times in WWII. The dropping ofthe atomic bombs outlined majority of World War II, the mass murder of people. Theatomic bomb would end WWII, but not in a suitable way. The USA was not justifiedin dropping the atomic bomb on the Japanese cities of Hiroshima and Nagasaki.