Why Do Some People Become Addicted, While Others Don’t?Genes play a big part in it, there is no single factor predicting whether an individual will become addicted to a drug or not.
Often times, individuals who are suffering from depression, anxiety, or mood illness have a higher chance of becoming an addict. An individual’s risk of becoming an addict can be influenced by environmental factors or biologically. Including, genetics,underlying psychiatric conditions, social environment, or trauma.A person that goes to work as a police officer has the risk of getting shot, much like a person that is exposed to alcohol and drugs has the risk of getting drunk or high. “The family domain refers to the social and circumstantial characteristics of a family rather than to any genetic material that may be shared between them, and there’s no question that the family domain can have a huge influence on whether or not a person develops a substance abuse problem.”(drugrehab.com) The most common ones are Home, Family, Peer and School. You have to keep in mind that not everyone that tries drugs will become addicted.
The influence of the home environment is very important, especially during the childhood of the addict. In brief, if there is an image of alcohol abuse and or drug abuse, that can affect the thought of thinking that drug and alcohol abuse is okay . Or any resident that engages in criminal behavior, can increase children’s risks of developing their own drug habits . That can increase the risk of addiction . A wide circle of friends and acquaintances can have an strong influence during teenage years. Drug using peers can oscillate even those without risk factors to try drugs for the first time.
Biological figures of addiction accentuate the importance of genetics and the biological description of nature. The human brain is the most convoluted organ in the body. This three-pound mass of pink matter sits at the center of all human skull, You need it to breathe, to have movement in your finger and toes, enjoy everyday activities and to tell you body how much you can take of something.For example, the brain administers your body’s behavior; permits you to be able to interpret and gives the capability to respond to everything that you go through.
Your brain shapes your emotions, behavior, and thoughts.Drugs are a chemical that affect the work of the brain by getting into the system and meddling with the way that the neurons would naturally work. Many know of addiction as a chronic illness that alters the structure of the brain . There are three main sections of the brain that are often associated with addiction. First, prefrontal cortex, limbic system, and midbrain.
The prefrontal cortex is responsible for all the executive functions in the brain such as your decision making process. The limbic system is the reward circuit of the brain this is responsible for remembering a lot of pleasant experiences. In brief, if you eat a cake the limbic system will tell you that it is okay to continue to eat more cake. The midbrain is responsible for all of our survival functions whether it is our vision or hearing or even our fight or In brief, neurons normally send and receive information and they have to be able to process that information in order to be able to understand it and use it to its full potential. Marijuana and heroin are able to copy the work of the neurotransmitter, the drug will make it seem like it is a neuron and the receptors believe and allow the drugs to become attached, allowing them to mimic the work of neurons. Although they mimicking the work of the neuron, it is not the same work. “Human beings are “wired” with nerve cells (neurons) that extend from the brain and spinal cord throughout the body.
Neurons with the same function group themselves into strands up to four feet long. However, the strands are not continuous. Between neurons is a small space called a synapse.
“Because it is not a natural neurotransmitter it leads to anomalous messages that are being transmitted through the system. When certain drugs are used they have the capability to send 10 times the amount of dopamine than required. “Once in your brain, drugs interfere with your normal brain chemistry to produce the desired effect. Because the brain is so complex, and our understanding of its functioning is not complete, drugs all have side effects, as well.
The cough suppressant reduces your cough and also makes you drowsy. Every drug you take has more than one effect on you.”Abusing drugs or alcohol regularly can permanently rewire the brain. In brief, if someone starts off with a low heritable predisposition for addiction, that single person can end up with an addiction. Everytime that person uses drugs or alcohol, it strengthens the wiring of the brain . Individuals congenital genes can play a compelling role in developing an addiction.
In brief, children with an addicted parent are five times more likely than children without an addicted parent. Most families do not know the history of their family , there for, they would not know if addiction runs in the family. “Nobody starts out intending to develop an addiction, but many people get caught in its snare. According to the latest government statistics, nearly 23 million Americans — almost one in 10 — are addicted to alcohol or other drugs. More than two-thirds of people with addiction abuse alcohol. The top three drugs causing addiction are marijuana, opioid (narcotic) pain relievers, and cocaine.
” You can become addicted to any drug if your family has a history of drug abuse. In brief, if you have at least one family member that is addicted to alcohol, you have a greater chance of becoming addicted to any drug such as cocaine, marijuana or opioids. Even though genetics synthesize 50% of risk for drug and alcohol dependence, not everyone that tries the drug will become addicted or even depend on it. Drugs cause chaos in neurotransmitters. In brief, they block neurotransmitters from parts of cells that are used to store information, Many individuals who are suffering from mood disorders, anxiety, depression, etc.
have a bigger chance of becoming an addict. Some addictions start when individuals begin to overflow themselves with thoughts or when the individual becomes overwhelmed with anger, sadness, etc. That is when they start to self medicate themselves. The depressed patient will begin to use marijuana to numb the pain. The patient that has social anxiety will begin to drink more to feel comfortable is social environments. The patient who struggles with panic attacks begins to take benzodiazepines like Xanax or Valium in order to calm the symptoms or stop the attacks before they start. The patient with low energy and lack of motivation begins to take Adderall, cocaine or crystal meth to increase their drive to get things done.
Benzodiazepine is used to treat anxiety, to relieve muscle tension, and as sleep aids. Regular use of benzodiazepine even when prescribed can cause you to develop a tolerance level for drugs, causing you to give to up every dosage you take because the previous dosage amount no longer works to calm you down. While taking benzodiazepine, if you are to swallow the tablet you should because if you smoke, snort, inject or chew the tablet you can find yourself in a great state of confusion and there is a possibly that you could put yourself into acoma. People take drugs and drink alcohol to feel better, to do better, to feel good, curiosity and because others are doing it. In brief , someone who is suffering from social anxiety, depression o stress related disorders may be abusing drugs because they want to make sure that they are capable to lessen the feelings. College who feel pressured to improve their athletic performance or wanting to be able to focus more during long nights of homework may result in taking adderall or androgenic steroids. Others use drugs and alcohol to get pleasure from it, in brief, enlivens such as cocaine is followed by the feeling of having power over everything, having more self confidence in oneself, and being able to stay awake for hours, even days on hand while doing overly human things. Teenagers are more likely to occupy themselves in daring situations than adults, mainly because they want to express their ” independence” from what parents say.
They tend to lean more towards the stereotypical side of what teenagers really do when they are not being supervised . Most of us will experience some kind of traumatic event in our lives and most of us will exhibit some kind of stress related behavior, these symptoms usually fade but for the reactions will linger and start to disrupt their daily routines. Those reactions can develop into full blown psychological disorders like PTSD and, in an effort to cope, addiction. When it manifests as nightmares, flashbacks, avoidance, fear, guilt, anxiety, rage, insomni, it begins to interfere with your ability to function, it can come to be known as post-traumatic stress disorder or PTSD . It’s a disorder generated by either witnessing or experiencing a traumatic event.
One of these clusters involves re-living the event through intrusive memories or nightmares or even flashbacks. The second involves avoiding situations you associate with the event. The third generally describes excessive physiological arousal like muscle tension, heart pounding, irritability or anxiety.
The last stage is cluster; the prevalent negative changes in the emotions of the victim. PTSD patients may also experience periods of feeling emotionless or emotionally not good. “Psychological trauma often occurs in those who have experienced significant damage to their psyche.
This may take place because a patient has lived through a particularly stressful event or situation. This kind of trauma can occur any time a person is faced with stress that exceeds their ability to cope with the respective stress.”