Minority, therefore, is a widely diverse category. Minorities complain that their social, economic, and political interests are jeopardised and often surrendered before the interests of those who constitute the majority.
The assertion of rights by minorities and the reluctance of majority to yield lead to conflicts and riots. They feel disadvantaged and oppressed, segregated, and sometimes ridiculed. At every stage they are required to negotiate their demands with those in majority whether they relate with securing admission in schools or a well paying job. The assertion of rights by minorities and the reluctance of the majority to yield often lead to conflicts sometimes involving violence and bloodshed. In several situations, the majority feels that the demands of the minority are uncalled for and unjustified. In the Indian democracy which upholds equality and freedom for all citizens irrespective of their status, the Constitution dispels with any form of discrimination based on religion or language considerations. In fact, the constitution adopts measures and safeguards to recognise the rights of the minorities in conserving their culture, establishing and administering educational institutions of their choice.
The National Minorities Development and Finance Corporations were set up in 1994-95 for their economic upliftment.