Week or apples or berries Chickpea and vegetable

Week one


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Porridge (no added sugar,  (milk or water), with sliced banana, or
strawberries for extra sweetness

Weetabix in milk or water – water for
drinking only.
Kiwi and watermelon

Boiled eggs, white bread toast with butter,
rocket salad, and cheese. Orange and apples available for choosing
Milk or water

Wheat biscuits with milk and mixed sliced to
4 grapes
Half a slice of fruit bread and spread

Pancakes (considering allergies) with syrup


Oranges slices, and / melon

Cucumber slices, and / apples

Cheese sticks or breadsticks

yogurt with sliced grapes or strawberries

Popcorn with healthy made cookies
(considering allergies)


Mix of Macaroni with fish/chicken/bacon,
sliced tomatoes, rocket salad seasoned.

Cheese cream spread on star cut wholemeal
bread (sandwich). Alongside cucumber. Greek yogurt with strawberries, or
apples or berries

Chickpea and vegetable biryani

Meatballs (whatever preferred) in tomato
sauce with pasta shapes

Roast potatoes, with roast chicken or veggie


Jacket potato with tune or cheese

Toast fingers with mashed beans and cheese

Houmous or cous cous with chicken with
cucumber strips

Mixed bean chilli and yoghurt with jacket

Wholemeal macaroni cheese with peas

Menu for 4 years old;












Water should be available always: we easily
get dehydrated, e.g. exercising, hot weather, waking up from bed. Our bodies
are 75% water and need water to function effectively.


Children with allergies shouldn’t be served:
celery, mustard, nuts, peanuts, milk, fish, oats, soya beans or anything else
they have allergy towards. Is not recommended for infants under the age of one
to be served honey.


Vitamin C: aids the immune system, helps
healing wounds, and strengthens our teeth. It can be found in: oranges, kiwi,
strawberries, red + green peppers

Vitamin A: this vitamin is essential for
vision, immune and reproduction system. It is found in: carrots, spinach and
potatoes. (these should be cooked till soft for children)

Vitamin D: Promotes the absorption of calcium,
which is needed for stronger, healthier bone development. This can be obtained
from sun exposure or; fish (salmon), eggs, milk, tuna, meat

Vitamin B: helps to free the energy in the
food we eat; it is found in; whole grain, bread, cereals

Essential vitamins:


Children aged 1 to 4 years old should be given
a daily supplement containing 10g of vitamin D” read more at (2)

Infants fed infant formula should not be given
a vitamin D supplement until they are receiving less than 500ml of infant
formula a day, because infant formula is fortified with vitamin D

Breastfed infants from birth to one year of
age should be given a daily supplement containing 8.5 to 10ug of vitamin D, to
make sure the get enough

“Government recommends:

Vitamin supplements for children under one to
4 years old:


Choose fat-free (skim) or low-fat (1%) milk
products most of the time.” (3)  

Kids 9 and older should have 3 cups (720
milliliters) per day.

Kids 4 through 8 should have 2½ cups (600
milliliters) per day.

“Kids ages 2 to 3 should drink 2 cups (480
milliliters) every day.


According to an article, healthy drinks for
kids (3), limit the amount of juices, say no to fizzy drinks and serve more
water and milk.

Other drinks, like fizzy drinks, coffee, alcohol
should not be served to children.

100% natural, concentrated juice for children,
avoid adding sugar

Water and milk (cows milk for over age of one)




Diary and alternatives

Beans, pulses, fish, eggs, meat and other

Fruit and vegetables

Potatoes, bread, rice, pasta and other starchy

A healthy balanced diet for children is based
off the four groups:

Encourages children to eat a variety of
different foods and develop healthy eating habits

Ensures they do not consume enough calories

Right amount of energy and nutrients needed to
support growth, development, health and well-being

Young children grow quickly and have high
energy nutritional requirements. Healthy and a balanced diet ensures children


Eating well – 1 year to four years



Fish and shellfish


Nuts, peanuts products

Foods containing wheat, gluten


Cow’s milk

Foods to avoid before six months:


Fruit (soft or cooked) without sugar; apples.
Peach and banana

Dairy products made from whole milk

Pulses such as peas, beans lentils

Hard boiled eggs

Starchy foods such as potatoes, pasta and

Fish without bones

Meat such as chicken, lamb

Soft cooked vegetables; yam, carrots, broccoli

Most infants at this age are ready for
complementary feeding, in addition to solid foods, alongside breast milk or
infant formula. Milk production decreases as your baby starts eating
complementary food. Different foods, textures and tastes should be introduced
at this recommended stage: blended, mashed, and finger foods. Referring to
recent document by UK government, (2), examples of nutritious foods include:


Infants aged 6 – 12 months




Preparing puree baby food is relatively easy
and quick to do. There are different ways; cook the food (boil it), then put it
in a blender or a food processor. Avoid mixing vegetables and fruits. Use breastmilk
or infant formula whenever you think is appropriate.


9-12 months baby can be fed: cows milk, pieces
of cheese, yogurts, pieces of fish, soft cooked beans, pasta, bread, pieces of
meat from a casserole, well cooked egg whites on a spoon or as a finger food. Encourage
full independence and establish mealtimes. Avoid: whole nuts, salt, sugar,
fatty foods. For more information, refer to CACHE L3, Carlyin Meggitt,
childcare and education, (early years educator), Hodder Education, 2015, Italy,
page 140.


6-8 months babies should be introduced to a
wider range of pureed fruits and vegetables; including chicken, fish, liver. Well
cooked egg yolk, small sized beans and wheat-based foods should be on the menu
for the day. Baby can be fed with a teaspoon, after being fed milk. Do not give
baby at this stage: cows milk, chillies, egg whites, nuts, salt, sugar, or
fatty foods.


Before pure – give baby thin porridge; mix rice
and breastmilk or infant formula. This is to stop and eliminate chocking
hazards. For example, 4-6 months, veggies, pureed fruit and thin porridge are
ideal, with no lumps. Feed the baby by offering food on the tip of a clean
finger or the tip of a clean teaspoon. Very tiny amount at first during or
after milk. Do not give baby at this stage: cow’s milk, citrus fruit, wheat,
spices, eggs, salt and nuts.

Baby, ideally after 6 months of age, will be transitioning
from breastmilk to other sources of nutrition. Speak with Health visitor for


Weaning process




If using tap water; boil tap water, let it
cool off for 30 minutes. Pour the cool water into sterilized bottles; one-ounce
equals one scoop of powdered milk/infant formula (refer to table on the
container for information). For example, 7 scoops of powdered milk into 200ml
of water. Test the milk on your wrist for temperature before feeding baby. Milk
should be medium heat.


Milton Method: pour 5 litres of water in a
clean basket or a bucket and drop in a Milton tablet. Allow the tablet to sterilize
in water before using. Place bottles in the sterilized water for 15 minutes
before use.


Microwave method: 200ml tap water poured into a
microwaveable basket. Place bottles upside down in basket and microwave them for
6 minutes. Take the bottles out with tweezers and let them cool down for 3 minutes.


Sterilizing methods


Goodnight milk is not suitable for babies
under six months. Cows and goat’s milk should be avoided.


Powdered infant formula is not sterile;
prepare with water at a temperature of at least 70 degrees to kill harmful
bacteria, then cooled before giving to child at body temperature. For more
information refer to link. (2)


Good hygiene is important when preparing
infant formula. Washing hands thoroughly, wearing gloves and apron, all bottles
and other equipment sterilised. Following instructions thoroughly on how to
prepare the formula appropriate to the age is crucial for ensuring the child’s
nutritional needs are met.


If breast milk is frozen, it should be
defrosted in the fridge; afterwards it can be warmed to body temperature by
placing it in warm water. It must be used within an hour and thrown afterwards.


a fridge at 4 degrees, or lower, used
within 5 days
2 weeks in ice compartment of a fridge
Up to six months in a freezer – more
info, refer to (2)

If the baby is supplied with expressed breast
milk from their mothers, the bottle needs to be labelled, stored safely and
used for that child. Breast milk should be stored in a sterilised container and
kept in:


Early years professionals need to support
women continue their breastfeeding journey by providing accessible and
comfortable places to breastfeed in setting. Early year’s professionals need to
inform parents about relatable dietary requirements or other important key
information by supplying with leaflets containing research, news, statistics
and expert knowledge.

Exclusive breastfeeding or infant formula is
recommended for up to 6 months.


Nutritional requirements for babies aged: 0-6


Some women have difficulties breastfeeding, so
they turn to use infant formula. The goodness formula is an alternative to breastfeeding,
containing all the nutrients, vitamins and health benefits breastmilk can give.
Often, mothers are recommended to seek medical advice from their health visitor
for prescription.




cardiovascular disease in adulthood


type 2 diabetes

childhood leukaemia

sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS)

diarrhoea and vomiting, with fewer visits to
hospital as a result

infections, with fewer visits to hospital as a


According to NHS UK (1), Breastfeeding reduces
your baby’s medical risk of:


“Your breastmilk contains a protein called
feedback inhibitor of lactation (FIL). This tells each breast how much milk to
produce. If your baby empties a breast often, the levels of FIL in that breast
will be low. This acts as a signal for that breast to make more milk.” (3)


glands are responsible for the production of milk. Alveoli, clusters shaped
like grapes, are where breastmilk is produced. Alveoli clusters are surrounded
by muscles that squeeze milk that is then carried by small canals called
ductules to the main milk duct. Milk ducts carries milk from alveoli, and
through the small canals to the mouth of your baby.


Encourages bonding between mother and baby;
mother will be ready to supply baby with milk whenever needed. Breastfeeding
supplies the baby with perfect balance of nutrition which strengthens immune
system, reduces chance of developing allergies, infection, and prevents risk of
sudden death syndrome.


Breastfeeding has many benefits for the mother
like reducing the chance of breast cancer, and helping you regain your shape
figure (lose weight). On the other hand, breastfeeding has tremendous benefits
for babies;




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