We climate change. Cities are blamed for the


We live in a world in which cities
influence the global economy. Economic activities are one of the main driving
forces for any nation. Population growth, consumption and economic activity
levy high pressure on environment. Rapid urbanization become one of the core
problems in many developing countries in which central and local government
struggle to find golden equilibrium between sustainable economic and
environmental growth.

Climate Change is one of the most
important and alarming problems that the whole world faces today. The global
phenomenon with terrible cost to society effects on economies and people’s
quality of life. According to fifth Assessment report conducted by the
intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, there is 95% probability that human
activities have been the main contributor of planets’ warming over the past 50
years (IPCC 2014). Greenhouse gases are the most significant driver of observed
climate change. Cities are blamed for the majority of greenhouse gas (GHG)
emissions as their economic growth and rapid urbanization increase emissions
level. In other words, cities across the globe cover only 2% of the world’s
total land but use approximately 75 % of total resources. And urban areas are
responsible for nearly 80% of total GHG emissions that implies carbon dioxide,
nitrogen oxide and methane.

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Nowadays, urban areas are a major
contributor to climate change. Furthermore, not only air pollution but also
forest degradation and loss of vegetation contribute to climate change. Given
the above, over the long term, the environmental impact of unchecked urban
growth in the developing world is likely to be catastrophic (Pearce 2006). To
mitigate the urban expansion and, in parallel, to support cities’ economic
development, sustainable development became one of the important driving force to
mitigate and to tackle environmental issues. The main point of sustainable
development is to find the golden equilibrium between the improvement of
quality of life and the usage of natural resources. In this process, at least
three main areas should interact with each other, areas such as economic
growth, natural resources conservation and social development, so called
three-dimension sustainability approach.

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