Other making expensive sarees and quality silk products.

Other important centres are as under: Andhra Pradesh: Mahbubnagar, Karimnagar, Warangal, Adilabad and Kurnool districts. Tamil Nadu: Coimbatore, Dharmapuri, Nilgiris, Salem and Tirunelveli districts. Jammu and Kashmir: Anantnag, Baramula, Doda, Jammu, Riasi, and Udhampur districts. Bihar and Jharkhand: Palamau, Hazaribagh, Bhagalpur and Ranchi.

Madhya Pradesh and Chhattisgarh: Balaghat, Bastar, Bilaspur, Rajgarh and Surguja districts. Assam: Goalpara, Kamrup, Barpeta, Nalbari and Nagaon districts.

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Production and Exports:

In India, about 90 per cent of the total raw silk production is of mulberry variety. Most of the silk products are exported to the countries of Europe, Africa and Middle East. Raw silk is not an important export item. India imports raw silk from China for making expensive sarees and quality silk products.

Problems of Silk Industry in India:

i. Competition from artificial and synthetic materials is the main problem of the Indian silk industry. ii. The artificial silk is cheaper and better in quality. iii. The price fluctuation in the case of raw silk affects the silk textile industry adversely.

iv. There is no systematic testing and grading of silk. v. The import of cheaper raw silk from China is affecting sericulture in India.

vi. The government is not making sincere efforts for the modernisation of silk textile mills in India.


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