Arhar or Tur:
It is mainly grown as a kharif crop. But in areas of mild winters, it is grown as a rabi crop.
It is normally grown as a dry crop and is mixed with cereals like jowar, bajra and ragi. The conditions of growth are more or less similar to those of other pulses and millets. The sunny weather at the flowering and ripening stage can give a high quality bumper crop.
The important producing states are Uttar Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Gujarat, Andhra Pradesh, Orissa, Karnataka and Tamil Nadu.
Masur or Lentil:
It is a rabi crop and is often grown in combination with barley or mustard. The main producing states in India are Madhya Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh, Tamil Nadu and Karnataka. India is the largest producer and consumer of pulses. Recently, the only positive change about the production of pulses is the introduction of a short duration third crop of moong or urad, which can grow as a post rabi crop. Since the production is not increasing, some quantities of pulses have to be imported.