Ukay-ukay also called as “UK” for short, is known as halukay in Visayan and wagwagan in Ilocano, which
means to dig or make a mess. These were called as segunda mano(second hand) ,
in the early Spaniard colonization Ukay-ukay
have been very prevalent. This is an industry of second hand clothes and
apparel being sold in very cheap and affordable prices. Ukay-ukay are often bargained and shipped from other countries especially
from Japan, Malaysia,
Korea, Hongkong and US.
But there is more to Ukay-ukay other than the democratization of fashion.The industry
that have grown out of selling secondhand apparel creates millions of income
for dealers, and spares millions more for the individuals who purchased from
considering this big impact on the economy. And how Ukay-ukay have helped many people especially those who
cannot afford such clothing and those who lives on poverty.
Ukay-ukay is actually considered as an unlawful commerce and
the importation of used dress is illegal. “REPUBLIC ACT NO. 4653 – an
act to safeguard the health of the Filipino people and maintain the dignity of
the nation by declaring it a national policy to prohibit the commercial
importation of textile articles commonly known as used clothing and rags.” In
addition, Section 2, also states “that used clothing and rags imported in
violation of this Act shall be burned in the presence of a representative of
the General Auditing Office, Department of Finance and of the Office of the
In spite of this, the production offering utilized
dress in the Philippines is not especially covered up particularly in Baguio
City. In reality, it has indeed picked up a tremendous taking among Filipinos. Since
of the low costs from fair clothing to backpacks, shoes and shades, covers,
comforters, office gear, toys and donning merchandise. A few shops presently offers
new imitation goods in the same region as
the second hand shops.
to Abueg (2011) , “It is clear that people see this market as an option to
counterpart goods burdened with surging monetary values ; nevertheless. with
the supplication of Torahs that prohibit importing and sale of secondhand
garments. consumers of such trade good have different reactions and suggest
alternate solutions so as non to be affected negatively (in footings of the
economic dimensions of their lives).”
The Bureau of Customs seized over P40.5M
worth of Ukay-ukay as a misdeclared cargo
amid a shipment. This is not the first time that ukay-ukay products are caught
through a harbour in the Philippines. Most of them were turned over to tropical
storms and misfortune casualties afterwards. When Tropical Storm “Sendong” hit
Mindanao in 2012, the Bureau of Custom donated 20M worth of smuggled used
clothing. In 2015, 21 containers containing used garments were discovered
in Misamis Oriental. The used clothes, assessed to be worth P52.5 million
($1.02 million), came from Malaysia and Korea.(Sta. Ana ,2014)
BOC employees themselves allegedly
have subsidized in the expansion of Ukay-ukay in the nation. In 2014, A worker was captured for
supposedly looking for and tolerating a bribe to encourage the discharge of
shipments containing utilized clothing from Hong Kong and US.
concerns is the number one reason why commercial importation of used garments
is precluded. When Republic Act number 4653 was presented, its rationale
expressed that the forbidding is to “defend the wellbeing of the
individuals and keep up the nobility of the country.”
used clothing, meanwhile, is anticipated to be burned in the presence of authorities
from the Department of Finance and Office of the President, concurring to the
law. If health issues such as getting some contagious diseases is one of the
major concerns. Then why are these prohibited clothing, are being donated
by the Bureau of Customs as
relief goods during the times of calamities like floods and typhoons?
question, Ukay-ukay , garments retail and trade have become fancied by
the domestic market. And there have been
many movements as to legalizing ukay-ukay.
There have been several proposals in Congress
to legalize the importation of secondhand clothes for commercial purposes. The contention behind the legalization
of ukay-ukay importation pivots on the reality that it can produce more
occupations and salary for Filipinos and the Philippine government. In the
illustrative note of House Bill 4055 during the 14th Congress, at that point
Cagayan de Oro Agent Rufus Rodriguez and Abante Mindanao Agent Maximo Rodriguez
said the government could win an assessed P700 million ($14 million) in charges
every year from imported used clothing. The bill, however, did not prosper.
smuggling has caused profit loss and misfortune among local garment makers, as Ukay-ukay
dealers utilizing the freeport zones do not pay charges and
obligations. “What makes this circumstance more awful is that we have found
proof that certain locators allowed financial benefits by our government have
mishandled these perks,” said De Castro.
September 2010, lawmakers went up in arms against the renewed proposal of the
Bureau of Customs (BoC) to tax Ukay-ukay stores in Baguio City,
Metro Manila and most parts of the country. “We are against the ukay-ukay
because it is an illegal activity,” Trade Secretary Gregory L. Domingo said.
Domingo said they have never given any license or permit to the illegal vendors
who are the Ukay-ukay sellers, and that the permits that these people are
using were given by the local government units (LGUs).
Commissioner Angelito Alvarez said he already had a meeting with Oriental
Mindoro Rep. Rey Umali, Leyte Rep. Andres Salvacion and Batangas Rep. Tomas
Apacible on the study to legalize importation and selling of used clothes,
popularly known as “ukay-ukay.”
said that they would keep an open mind. They said that there is a need for a
thorough study such as on the anticipated revenues that we generate and its
impact on the garments or textile industry,” Alvarez(2010).