“Those rations were reduced, except those of the


“Those who deny freedom to others deserve it not for themselves,” – Abraham Lincoln. Freedom is a right that everyone strives for but never truly get. In the George Orwell classic Animal Farm, the animals start a rebellion to overthrow their farmer, Mr. Jones. However, the outcome of the revolt was far from the paradise they were expecting. The oblivious animals are being used as slaves in disguise for the “freedom” they wanted. The sole cause of the destruction of the freedom and equality of the farm was a power-hungry pig named Napoleon. To begin, Napoleon slowly took away the rights of the animals on Animal Farm. According to the book, “… Napoleon announced that there would be work on Sunday afternoons as well. This work was strictly voluntary, but any animal who absented himself from it would have his rations reduced by half” (Orwell 73). Napoleon made the animals believe that the work was voluntary when in fact it was an ultimatum. It was a choice between working or starving, and neither was pleasant,but the animals did not have the power to disagree. Their workload was more strenuous than usual since the windmill had been much more complicated than they thought. In addition, Napoleon, along with the other pigs, had convinced the animals that he and his group having better food was beneficial for everyone. In the novel, “Once again all rations were reduced, except those of the pigs and the dogs. A too rigid equality in rations, Squealer explained, would have been contrary to the principles of Animalism… Reading out the figures in a shrill, rapid voice, he proved to them in detail that they had more oats, more hay, more turnips than they had had in Jones’s day…” (Orwell ). Squealer’s announcement consisted of lies and false information to persuade the animals that equality in rations will be contrary to the principles of Animal Farm. Secondly, Napoleon changed the Seven Commandments as he saw fit. The Seven Commandments were rules established by the animals to abide by since their leader was gone. Napoleon ignored the commandments and decided to slaughter animals on the spot, “Napoleon called upon them to confess their crimes. And so the tale of confessions and executions went on, until there was a pile of corpses lying before Napoleon’s feet and the air was heavy with the smell of blood, which had been unknown there since the expulsion of Jones. When it was all over, the remaining animals, except for the pigs and dogs, crept away in a body. They were shaken and miserable” (Orwell 92-93). This was a big event in Animal Farm history. It was when the change in the commandments got serious. Before, the commandment stated, “No animal shall kill any other animal” (Orwell 43). Since Napoleon took over, the commandment now stated, “No animal shall kill any other animal without cause” (Orwell 98). This change made Napoleon’s killings justified. The alteration of the commandments got worse from there, “At the end of the book, Napoleon is seen drinking and playing cards with other farmers. This was of course witnessed by the other animals. Though they couldn’t hear what was being spoken, they say big smiles and laughter through the window. Benjamin, an old donkey broke his one rule, and read the writing on the wall. Instead of reading the Seven Commandments, the only thing on the wall was, ‘ALL ANIMALS ARE EQUAL BUT SOME ARE MORE EQUAL THAN OTHERS'” (Orwell 133). This was expected by the animals who were smart enough to notice what was happening. Napoleon treated the animals as his minions while he enjoyed the power of being able to control everyone. It was a long time coming and it destroyed what Animal Farm was about: freedom and equality. Finally, Napoleon decided to result in using human ways. When the rebellion ended, there was a maxim that was followed through, “Four legs good, two legs bad” (Orwell 50). This statement was seen to be the foundation of the Animal Farm rebellion. However, Napoleon had completely obliterated the rule. In the text, “It was about this time that the pigs suddenly moved into the farmhouse and took up their residence there… Nevertheless, some of the animals were disturbed when they heard that the pigs not only took their meals in the kitchen and used the drawing-room as a recreation room, but also slept in the beds” (Orwell 79). This event is beginning of Napoleon and other pigs acting more human. The other animals are left in their original stalls, while Napoleon was living a luxurious life. Squealer, Napoleon’s right hand, had explained that this was for everyone’s benefit. Despite the spiel, the more observant animals recognized the lie.The final act that broke the freedom and equality rules of the Animal Farm was when the pigs decided to act like Mr. Jones. According to the passage, “It was a pig walking on his hind legs… And a moment later, out from the door of the farmhouse came a long file of pigs, all walking on their hind legs. And finally there was a tremendous baying of dogs and a shrill crowing from the black cockerel, and out came Napoleon himself, majestically upright, casting haughty glances from side to side, and with his dogs gambolling round him. He carried a whip in his trotter” (Orwell 131-132). The animals finally realized that the freedom that they thought they once had is completely gone. History was repeating itself. Mr. Jones was banished because of the Rebellion, but Napoleon went ahead and replaced his position. The animals realized the situation and concluded that no matter how bad life with Mr. Jones’ was, it did not compare to the horrendous life they had with Napoleon. In conclusion, even though other animals had contributed to the destruction of Animal Farm, Napoleon was the one that brought the Animal Farm down. He did unforgivable things, like induce the genocide of innocent animals that did nothing wrong. He also forced the animals to overwork themselves, almost to the point of death by exhaustion, only to cut their food rations He degraded Animal Farm and took its meaning. Napoleon acted like the enemy instead of the ally that everyone expected him to be. Animal Farm was always about the rebellion and the removal of leadership to make everyone equal, but Napoleon took that weakness and made it his greatest strength.

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