Thesis: American participation in World War I included the national economy such as the rationing programs of the War Industries Board lead by Bernard Baruch, the Food Administration led by Herbert Hoover and Civil liberties including the Espionage Act. When WWI broke out Wilson declared at first that the U.
S would be neutral. Before the U.S. even participated in WWI they were helping Britain and France. Since America was a trading with both enemy and the ally industry owners made lots of money. Meaning that factories were pushing beyond the limits of their workers. So, when the U.
S. did join in 1918 the National War Labor Board preventing strikes from disrupting the war industries. This board was praised by the progressives, from resolving any disputes in labor during wartime production. Employers were paid in high wages and had an 8 hour say in exchange for labor promises not to strike during wartime. Late in the war, Wilson appointed Bernard Baruch as the head director for the federal agency industry head of the production during World War I, the War Industries Board set production raw materials and increased efficiency. they worked alongside the National War Labor Board and together increased 20 percent during the war.
Alongside having a bigger industry they had also increased the food production and feed the allies. So Herbert Hoover head of the Food Administration issued a wave of propaganda campaign including posters, billboards, newspapers, movies in order to save more food. Voluntary rationing program was included as well as Meatless Tuesdays, wheatless Wednesdays and victory gardens for tables. Hoover’s help and motivation increased farm production by 25 percent (677). Civil liberties included the Espionage Act of 1917 which was a law passed after the U.S entered World War I. This act made it a defer offense to display any “disloyalty to the U.
S about the Constitution, government, or the flag. This law stated that it was illegal to criticize the government during the war and that citizens that promoted pro-Germany would to penalized. This act alongside the Sedition Act of 1918 reflected the fears of Germany in Americans. In Schenck v. the United States, a protester filed a lawsuit claiming he had the right to freedom of speech in protesting anti-war (677).
The Supreme Court ruled that it was legal to revoke freedom of speech when it was a clear danger to the nation.