The improvements of hearing is made possible by cochlear implants, however, many deaf people are opposed to the use of cochlear implants because the Deaf community is becoming less and less significant, as it is believed that deaf children with implants are more likely to become assimilated into the hearing society. They will use speech as their primary communication rather than signing and would not congregate with other deaf people. Many will struggle to achieve a healthy identity, feel isolated, and be misunderstood in society. A culturally Deaf person’s perspective do not view deafness as a problem or a disable condition that needs to be fixed, therefore, getting cochlear implants is not necessary.
Deafness is an identity of pride for them, to get a cochlear implant would destroy the identity. Deafness is not a disability or handicap, but a culture, individuals should be introduced to deaf culture where they were born to belong. Deaf community view themselves as a minority culture group, with their own language and experiences. So when cochlear implants are brought into their view, they see it as an attack against their culture rather than a helping tool to be normal in the hearing community. Even if cochlear implants are being promoted, deaf people’s hearing will never be fully restored.
Cochlear implants are considered a tool to hearing aids but it is not a permanent fix for deafness, thus, will give a sense of false hope thinking that cochlear implant will restore hearing is a negative thought especially towards young deaf children.Hearing culture from a Deaf cultural perspective focuses on things people do because they hear and how they orient themselves based on their hearing. Hearing is describe individuals who are not deaf or hard of hearing. Hearing is generally refer to non-deaf individuals because they have the ability to hear. Medical/auditory perspectives view hearing as normal hearing where common sounds such as breathing and whispering can be heard.Hard of hearing is frequently used in the Deaf community to describe those who have some use of their residual hearing.
Although they are not considered deaf, they do experiences some form closer to those of hearing. Medical/auditory perspective view hard of hearing as moderate hearing loss and/or severe hearing loss.Deaf is generally describe the inability to hear.
From the Deaf cultural perceptive, Deaf is the central component of their identity through the usage of sign language. Deaf is shown as a pride among the Deaf people. In the Deaf culture, it focuses on the strengths rather the weaknesses deaf has and thus do not see deaf as a disability or to be fixed. Many Deaf people are proud to be deaf, with lowercase “d” meaning unable to hear and uppercase “D” meaning to they are proud to be deaf and embraces the Deaf culture and the community. Deafness is something to be proud of in society, that is why deaf pride or deafhood is used, therefore, hearing loss does not matter. However, in medical/auditory perspective, it is look as a disability, impairment, or handicap that needs to be treated or fixed.
To sum up, medical perspective view deaf as profound hearing loss.Nancy Rourke is known as a De’VIA (Deaf View/Image Art) Artist, she is well known for her advocacy of implementing De’VIA Curriculum, De’VIA retreat, and raising awareness of Deaf through Art. Nancy started painting when she was seven years old without her parents knowing she was deaf. She grew up in San Diego and went to a strict oral program in hearing school. Throughout all her childhood she always created new pieces of artwork from rock paintings to canvases. She graduated from Rochester Institute of Technology with a master’s degree in computer graphic design and painting. After working as a graphic designer and palette designer for major companies such as Xerox, 20th Century Fox, and Microsoft, she became a full-time artist.
Until, 2010, Nancy became involved in the De’VIA art movement and discovered her passion. Her passion for painting developed as a way to communicate with hearing people while growing up.Many Deaf people do not see themselves as a disability or something that needs to be fixed, many deaf people faced issues in higher education . Because of the lack of speech, Deaf people are viewed as dumb and/or have a disability. Not all states recognize ASL as a foreign language, therefore, it is difficult for them to continue their education. Not only that but there are teachers who do not recognize or are unable to use ASL to communicate with Deaf students makes it more harder for them to learn and understand what is going on. Some teachers often think that Deaf students are capable of lipreading, however, it can be true that’s if the teacher is consistently facing the Deaf student at all times.
Deaf student’s feel that ASL is their first language, whereas, English is their second language so it would be difficult to provide interpretation services that will effectively communicate with them especially if financial issues are involved. The lack of resources brings challenges to the Deaf people because schools are often not capable of supplying their deaf students with proper technologies that can increases their learning development. Without the ability to communicate, deaf people are more likely to face issues regarding to pursue higher education. Deaf students that pursue higher education should have easier access to educational opportunities allowing them to obtain better for their futures. With the help of IDEA (Individuals with Disabilities Education Act) mandated that public schools be made accessible to deaf students.
Deaf students may be fully mainstreamed in regular classes with proper support services.