The these functions are usually described as defence,

The origin of the word base Latin word
‘territorium’ which is used in reference to land or a district has 2
etymological theories. According to the first, the term comes from the latin
word ‘terra’ (dry land) + orium, the suffic denoting place. The second alternative
theory draws the origin to have been derived instead from ‘t?rrere’­­­ (to
frighten) thus meaning a territory is “a place from which people are warned
off”, which unlike the 1st theory places a more functional purpose
for territory.


­The ethological conception draws our attention to two
important points. The first point is that territory has fundamentally to do
with functions. For both animals
and the human being, these functions are usually described as defence, control,
reproduction, and access to resources. The second point is that territory is an imagined entity, a space that is carved out, excerpted and
circumscribed in view of a set of tasks to carry out.

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One of the main difficulties in talking about territory is
that this concept is transversal to several different disciplines—ranging macro
to micro, from geography to sociology, from ethology, to ecology, from
anthropology to law—all of which have their own idiosyncratic definition. Which
is further more interesting because through the process defining what each
disciple regards as its definition of territory. Each discipline creates
respective boundaries of their interpretations of the concept thus making the
definition of territory a territory. The sociologist Andrea Brighenti remarked
on this phenomenon describing it as, ‘the tool one uses to grasp the object is
part of the very object one tries to seize’ (Andrea Brighenti, 2006)











in his article titled ‘on territory as relationship and law as territory’
continues define two pivotal categories to appreciate the relational features
of territory are scale and visibility. Contrary to initiative a larger scale of
a territory does not mean a higher visibility; the most visible territories are
established in practice or custom as part of an official organization –
institutionalised. Relationship, rather
than space, is at the theoretical core of territory, so that spatial and
non-spatial territories can be seen as overlaid one onto the other for
instance the following can be consider territories: the nation-state, the city
and its functional places, the interpersonal sphere, the body, and the psyche.


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