The adolescenceis a period of advancement that people have some changing with physically andpsychologically in the life. This period beginning at puberty (it depends onthe gender) and ending young person.Basically, we can understand some changes that effect on people who are between12-20 approximately. However, there are some invisible things we can not realizereally that adolescent has on their emotions.
The adolescenceperiod depends on the gender, usually, girls reach puberty before than boys. Inaddition, there are some factors that can affect on puberties to reach pubertyearly, one of this effect is climates differences. We can observe somepsychically changes on puberties and these are make sure to understandadolescents are entering this period. Physical changes appear at pubertyrelated with sexual maturity. Males muscular is developing and also they havefacial hair , maturing of sexual organ, chancing sound. The girls havemenarche, changing body, maturing of uterus, breast growth.
In addition thereare some common changes on female and male. These are, skeletal growing,increasing sex drive, realizing identity to progress it basically keepinggender identity to develop. Adolescent have second critical period aboutneurological. There are some neurological changes on puberties that is calledgray matter, it starts at 11-12 years and it regress through the pubertyperiod. The other one is myelination progress through the adolescent untiladulthood. In addition teens have the same action in the amygdala, however,they have less activity in frontal lobs. These structural differences affect onadolescent to explanation of other’semotions. Example, Adolescent usually misunderstand to facial expression versusadulthoods.
In addition teens see life is risky but they believe that, thisrisky life can not influence on their own life, they guess they have aprotector from the aftermath of risky behavior. Adolescentpasses the many different ways in this period. One of these periods iscognitive and moral development. In this period adolescent’s short-term (working) memory was reachedmaximum level. In addition, problem solving mechanism improves and they thinkmore analytically and more logically together with their expert system(knowledge) base increases and managerial functions improve. Actually, thatperiod’s especially moral development originated from a theory that based onPiaget. One of this student of Piagetwho is named Lawrance Kolhberg wanted to broaden Piaget’s cognitive and moraldevelopment. He introduced three main stages of progression.
These are pre-conventionallevel means moral preference formed based on anticipation award and discipline(or punishment). The second one is conventional stage preference is madeconsonance by law or public opinion. The last one is post-conventional levelmoral preference based on personal standards and logic. The adolescence periodincludes one more period this is social and emotional developmental. There is atheory of Erik Erikson that social progress can bring some challenges which aredesirable or undesirable conclusion. There are somefactor that effects on the puberties to extended period of adolescenceperiod.
Adolescent encounter identityseek, they are getting be in search of identity and when they are inadolescence period they have some difficulties to find their own identity dueto some environmental reasons. When explaining these environmental reasons,adolescents see someone or maybe from the family as a role model and thisbehavior makes to complicate to find their own identity then cause identityconfusion. When they fail on this section that problem cause to extendadolescence period.
In addition, there are some elements to entry adolescenceperiod early these factors are originated from the geographical location andclimate. There is one factor that effects on entry adolescent period early.Looking like an adult than the others.