The definitionof a locus of control be defined as the conceptual referring on how stronglypeople believe that they are able to handle the circumstances and experienceswhich affects in their daily lives. The locus of control describes the causesof students’ academic in obtaining success or failure in school. The studentsattitude was controlled by achievements and punishments for any consequences ofactions that determines the actions is from the influence our behaviors andattitudes.
(Julian Rotter, 1954). An important aspect of behavior refers to aperson who has the personality of a locus of control shows the perceptionaction that might causes of circumstance in his/her life (Julian Rotter 1966). Alocus of control orientation is the confidence whether the actions on what wedo gives a result “internal control orientation” or on action which is out of ourpersonal control “external control orientation” (Zimbardo, 1985).
There are 2types of Locus of Control explained that are Internal Locus of Control andExternal Locus of Control. The Locus of Control typically shows on how studentsto realize on the effects of academic success or failure in school. Therefore,Locus of Control is a strong effect on self-efficacy by performing taskassigned regarding education related with a student life. A student uses theirabilities well in order to achieve a goal of success. The effect of languageability in locus of control as well as performance of a student speaks well inEnglish where the internal locus of control and external locus of control areobtained. Students highly expect to explain their knowledge and use theirability to express the talents in English in order to achieve success in theirfuture. Locus of control impacts the students who try to achieve success orfailure in an academic year. An Internal Locus of Control is for thepeople often believe they are in control of their own future and events intheir daily lives.
Moreover, people with an internal locus of control attemptsto achieve and obtain an outcome. The students with Internal Locus of Controlwill perceive action occurred to them is an outcome of their own work and effort.The advantages of an Internal locus of Control is the students controls overtheir life situations and responsible for any consequences action that mighthappen to them in their daily events. Furthermore, these types of personalitylikely to work hard in order to achieve a goal in educational and vocational areas.The students believes that the success or failure is an effort and outcome thatthey have attempt to achieve something in their education life. There othertypes of locus of control is the external locus of control that defines successor failure achievement outcome obtainfrom external factors beyond of the people control such as fate, circumstance,tendency, luck or teachers who being unfair, and unpracticed . For example,students who are having internal locus of control behavior might criticism forpoor grades on their failing their academic, whereas students who have externallocus of control behavior will blame on the responsible teacher for beingunfair or obtain poor result for theirtest by circumstances or fate. Locus of control affects internally andexternally student’s potential can be measured in obtaining success or failure inacademic that reflects the students’ performance.
From a research identifiedthe effect of language ability in a locus of control and as well as the performanceof a student who are capable to speak well in English can obtain high internallocus of control and external locus of control. Students having highexpectation to express their knowledge and ideas in English subjects in orderto get through success in their future where a lot of ability to get success orfailure in an academic year impacts on the locus of control. In addition astudent with personality of an internal or external locus of control have apowerful effect on academic motivation, dedication, and obtaining outstanding achievementin school. In education world, the internals are considered more likely to hardwork in order to learn and understand, progressive, and succeed where as forthe externals are more likely to have confidence that working hard is fruitlessbecause they are treated with unfair. Students also believe that an externallocus of control doesn’t acknowledge their accomplishments or their effort willnot provide a result in success. In addition, students having thepersonality of internal locus of control might influence the events of positiveand negative method through their ego, and the students with positive effectslocus of control can influence the activities by fortune, circumstances andluck as well with their confidence ability in themselves (Kutanis,2011).Positive impacts towards the student performance in locus of controlallows them to learn difficult subjects more smoothly. The students’ academiccan be measured with observing their studies activities, academic results,family background, qualification of parents and parental control is one of the strategywhich be helpful method students locus of control in academic performances.
A positive relationship between locus of control and performance skillsof minority group of pupils will choose their subjects according to their levelof knowledge and skills that allows them to perform well in academic. Other than that, minority group of students have a negativerelationship on performance and ability which is related with the locus ofcontrol. These negative relationship between the skills and the studentperformance failure is because of the parent carelessness and less concernedwith education institutes. Students personally should have self-motivation andeagerness on educational activities, which will provide a positive outcome. For an example the student should utilize their skills,intelligence and concentration in studies during their childhood stated theiracademic requirements and student with minority level is capable to achieveinternal and external locus of control.
Student are able to adaptchanges relating new education as they are having the motivation in achievingwell in their academic performance. For instances,student are aware of latest technology and knowledge in studies which providesthem a strong influences of positive locus of control because students willingto adapt latest technologies. Students can obtain knowledge by various learningprograms online study program have a positive impact to enhance academicperformance of minority student. Students are taught with several subjects andprovide a test to identify their ability and skills of performance. Thus, theenvironmental factor and achieving the aim allows the student perform well toget a results. The relationship between students locus of controls and academicachievement depends on locus of control with internal motivations and externalmotivations. Therefore, several important academic thatmight influence the academic achievement of university students in the locus ofcontrol.
For an instances the locus of control impacts by supporting the students’academic (Coleman and DeLeire, 2000). The theory of reasoned action developedby Vroom(1964) which states that motivational work with 2 purposes that are theeffort produce will lead to performanceand the performance will lead to as a results of the reasoned action (Ajzen andFishbein 1980). Students who assume of finding a high paying job depends littleon their human capital investments or the internal factors that have a strongeffect on their future opportunities might be more likely to complete school orattend college/university.(Ajzen and Fishbein, 1980).
On the other hand, theexternal factors might be more likely school dropouts or fail on focusing ontheir academic. Therefore, university students are able to make academicinvestments by making hard work preparation on their academic studies onapplying the internal locus of control. Distance learning provides allows thestudents to obtain extra positive approach towards the teachers and facultywhich is one of the factors of students locus of controls and relationship totheir academic achievement (Round, 2005). Students should play vital roleinfluencing their attitudes within themselves. For instances, the student musthave motivation, curiosity, individual belief and experiences at school.
Theteachers in the school should prepare with their equipment and themselves sothat students will receive additional positive energy when the learning processis conducted. The examples of a teacher providing a good approach towards the studentsis by providing materials that will be taught, managing the classroom in amethod way, exposing the knowledge towards the students, and providing guidanceand optimism regarding the subjects taught by the teacher. Moreover, the mostimportant factor which is from the home environment and society. For instancesthe educational background that determines the attitude of the students and theparents having the expectancy on their children’s academic results. Learning atasks where negative perspective may provide are the result of repeatedfailures or difficulties become relatively constant. Positive attitudes infirst learning will be an advance key in academic but the positive point ofview become less and negative increases at high school. Some other factorsassociated with declining attitudes as learners to move up the academic ladderinclude the pressure to perform well, over demanding tasks, uninterestinglessons and less than positive attitudes on the part of teachers (Zan and DiMartino, 2008). The theory of locus of control widelyhave been identified by researcher for past several decades.
For the purposesof this study, it is imperative to review the past literature concerning therelationship between students locus of control and academic achievement, whileconsidering the possible effects of age and gender. The internal people havingthe effort to achieve a goal in academic and provides a results. Thus, thepositive experience provides achievement, which increases the performance of specificbehaviors and make stronger the reward of expectation Besides that, anindividual having the external control perspective obtaining rewards as aproduct of luck or circumstances. The external individual is not motivated toaccomplish specific behaviors because behavior and reward belief is not confirmed.For an example, a success does occur but an emotional response does not occurbecause the individual does not believe to obtain success using own ability andskills. An individual’s faith control develops various eagerness responses (Ray,1980). Other than that, the effect of belief responses on essentialmotivational related with the theory of Locus of Control and Its Implication onStudents’ Academic Achievement Researcher is able to search varioustype of effects towards academic performance failure or success and there aremany methodologies that used to be measured the results.
A research has beenconducted by researcher by doing an observation on why the students are failedin mathematics subjects .The students are not paying their attention to theirwork neither focusing on their task work to be accomplished. For an example,students are taught and provided with method to solve an equation or problemstatement through calculation in mathematics and the same method will beimplemented after obtaining the information but the students failed to providea results as they are not focusing to their work (Charlotte 1984). Locus ofcontrol is the name of individual attributes whether positive or negativelikewise an individual got success and some sort of prizes and compensationthis is positive for that individual but on the other hand this is negative forothers who fail to achieve such prizes or compensation. The locus of controldivided into two type’s internal and external locus of control. An individualwith internal locus of control the activities through positive and negative waywhere the individual have beneficial locus of control can affect the activitiesof an action by chance and circumstancesas well as self-confidence (Kutanis, 2011). The positive locus of control onstudent performance provides impact that allows the students learn the subjectseasily which has difficulties. Student is provided training in such a way wherebelief in one’s ability and independence are build and develop in both malesand females (Yunusa ,2015).
Locus of control has a positiveinfluences on academic performance according to research if students have internalmotivation towards their academic, the student will highly perform well instudies using their ability with changing techniques studies which will beuseful for the academic performance level. Moreover, an important factor oflocus of control is by performing any work that determined by on a schedulework. For instances, the locus of control the state of mind that providesbenefits towards the students and professionals. A research has been identifiedto show a positive significant relationship among locus of control and academicperformance. For an example male have more locus of control than females. Locusof control have strongly influence on academic performance of students becauselocus of control based motivation when students have motivational attributesthey perform well in their studies it can also be helpful by class roomenvironment is due to external locus of control. Internal or external locus ofcontrol plays an important role for students to assists the desired results anduseful of learning performance.
The knowledge and experiences gained by thestudents through organizational learning is one the factor which helps increasingthe student performance in academic. Furthermore the implications for teachingin the locus of control as teaching is tasks series of learning experiences.Teaching activities is conducted for students to learn a lesson related withtheir academic. For instances plannedlearning periods are prepared for students to learn. Learning may sometimes beonly a transfer of information and in the manner that contributes to thestudent’s emotional and social development (Güngör, 2006).
It is necessary toassess to what extent learning has occurred. The qualities of a good assessmentcan be evaluate by the teacher according to the student’s academic success. Foran example students should be provided self-assessment activities which assistin planning and applying in their academic studies. These assessment methodwill give student develop students communication skills, behavioral skills,conceptual learning which will be the characteristics to measure performanceand ability of the students. For an example new information is obtained,creation throughout the organization, shared vision is developed and producingproper learning conditions are highly important in learning organizationsBayraktaro?lu and Kutanis (2003)