The South China Sea dispute involves both island and
maritime claims among several sovereign states within the region, namely
Brunei, the People’s Republic of China (PRC), the Republic of China (ROC),
Malaysia, Indonesia, the Philippines, and Vietnam. The dispute include the
islands, reefs, banks, and other features of the South China Sea, including the
Spratly Islands, Paracel Islands, and various boundaries in the Gulf of Tonkin.
South China Sea became a problem to discuss about since late 90s. Every country
has their eyes upon South China Sea because it consists of one third of the sea
trade and also it is the largest fishing zone moreover it is also found that
there are lot of petroleum products beneath the sea level so for the sake of
particular country it is being a matter to be discussed.
Many countries along with the government
of Laos have supported the stance of China in this matter because according to
UNCLOS a country can claim any sea its own if sea consists of territorial
region of that particular nation and China claims South China Sea (SCS) its own because SCS consists the territorial
regions of China. Laos has supported China by refusing to accept the Permanent
Court of Arbitration ruling on China’s sovereignty claims in the SCS. Many
countries of Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) are against China’s
claim of South China Sea but Laos along with Cambodia supports the stances and
claim of China over South China Sea because China have supported Laos on many
factors and not only that the government of Laos supports for the right always
that’s why Laos is supporting China over its claim upon South China Sea. The
causes of South China Sea Dispute are:
Territorial claim by the countries
surrounding the South China Sea.
The economic cause of the dispute is the
estimate of large reserves of oil and natural gas as well as the fishery right.
Status of Scarborough Shoal and Right to
Status of Geologic features Spratlys to
generate 200-NM EEZ and jurisdiction of the tribunal to rule on maritime issues
in the Spratlys.
There are many ways for solving the
South China Sea dispute but while solving the issue sovereignty of any nation
should not be harmed so the delegate recommends the following solutions which
the delegate believes to be considered while drafting resolution.
over the territories of SCS to those countries whom it belongs to.
country to follow the UNCLOS rules.
the SCS as international water source and providing the territories on SCS to
the countries belonging to it.