The normal range for blood pressure is 120 over 80 mmhg. The 120 is the systolic pressure and the 80 is the diastolic pressure. Systolic pressure is the amount of pressure at which the blood travel through the blood vessels when the heart beats. Diastolic pressure is the amount of pressure at which the blood flows through the blood vessels in between heart beats. Smoking is very common among people in every part of the world. Everyone know that smoking is dangerous to our overall health. Smoking is one of the factors that increase blood pressure. This is because nicotine found in cigarettes narrows the arteries and hardens the walls and this increase the chances of getting a blood clot. Which This increases the chances of getting a heart attack or stroke. Obesity/Overweight- More oxygen and nutrients are required for the extra mass to survive. This is done by circulating more blood to the fat tissue through blood vessels. This action puts more stress on the heart, which can increase the blood pressure. Old Age: Our heart’s pacemaker starts to degenerate as your grow older. There is a higher chance of fat deposits in pathways of our natural pacemaker system. These fat deposits slow down the time it takes for the blood to reach the heart, which results in higher blood pressure.Healthier diet-The doctor will recommend the patient to eat more fruits and vegetables because it contains less salt. Salt is huge strain on the kidneys because salt allows you to store more water. Your kidneys have to work hard to get rid of that water. A healthier diet will consist less salt and help relieve stress on kidneys, brain and heart. Exercising can make your heart stronger. A strong heart can pump more blood easily with less effort. This put less stress on the blood vessels and lowers your blood pressure.Quitting smoking or decreasing alcohol consumption can help lower blood pressure. Smoking narrows down blood vessels because it contains nicotine. Which increase the chance of blood clots and raises blood pressure. Quitting smoking can decrease the risk of blood clots and help lower blood pressure.In hypertension the targeted organs are brain, heart and kidneys. If high blood pressure is not treated it can cause organ failure. Kidney disease can cause high blood pressure. Whenever your kidneys are functioning correctly it could possibly mean that you have kidney disease. Some symptoms are different colour of urine, weird smell and amount of times you go. Doctors confirm kidney disease by testing a urine sample for blood and proteins. When the kidneys can’t filter properly, their is a higher chance of getting a stroke or heart disease. To treat kidney disease doctors start with ACE inhibitors, which helps to stop further damage. Once these organs are functioning properly, blood pressure will lower down into the normal range depending on your age. This is because the heart doesn’t have to work as hard to pump blood to the damaged organs. Two major cardiovascular events caused by hypertension is heart attack and stroke. The coronary arteries surrounding the heart become narrow due to plague. Which restricts blood flow to some heart muscles. A heart attack could be the result of this. A ECG is done to see how much damage the heart attack has done to the heart. Blood test could be done to test the levels of cardiac enzymes. This indicates heart muscle damage.Stroke occurs when a blood vessels that is going to the brain gets blocked by plaque. Which cuts of oxygen and nutrients supply to the brain. Due to this a stroke can be caused. To treat heart attacks temporarily it is recommended to take aspirin because helps stop blood clots. Thrombolytics is given to people to help dissolve blood clots. Coronary angioplasty and stenting- Surgeons insert a catheter through the leg or groin to where the blood clot. This way they can attach it to the catheter and remove it from the artery to resume regular blood flow.Coronary artery bypass surgery- Is a procedure done in which doctors sew arteries or veins just before the blocked area to allow blood flow to the rest of the body.