The Foreign Ministry taking 3 more hostage leaving

The Iran Hostage Crisis was a rough patch in history for the Middle East and America. The crisis started on November 4,1979 when a group of radical Iranian students seized the U.S. embassy in Tehran, Iran and took about 90 hostages 66 of which were American because Jimmy Carter allowed The Shah into the U.S. for cancer treatment which didn’t make the protesters very happy. James Earl Carter (Jimmy Carter) was president when the crisis started but was unsuccessful in releasing the remaining hostages until Ronald Reagan was elected in 1980 and gave his inaugural address on January 20, 1981. The Iranians released the hostages because they saw a president who wasn’t weak like  Carter.   Mohammed Reza Shah Pahlavi was the ruler of Iran from September 16, 1941 to February 11, 1979. Mohammed fled Iran when his security force fired on a large group of people which killed hundreds and left thousands injured. Later on, Mohammed was diagnosed with cancer and fled to the U.S. where president Carter accepted him in the US for treatment. Because of his actions in Iran and what his security force did, Iran wanted him back to stand trial for his actions, but the U.S. refused to let him go which caused the group of radical Iranian students to seize the U.S. embassy in Tehran and taking 63 hostages. Later a group of Iranians invaded the Iranian Foreign Ministry taking 3 more hostage leaving a total of 66. Ayatollah later demanded the release of 13 hostages because they were women, children and citizens of other countries than the US. One more was released due to medical needs leaving the remaining 52 in captivity for 444 days. While Carter was still president he approved a mission called Operation Eagle Claw in attempt to save the hostages but failed due to weather and mechanical failure which killed 8 U.S. servicemen. When The Shah fled Iran, a religious leader by the name of  Ayatollah Rohollah Khomeini came back to Iran after 15 years of exile to take power in March of 1979 and established a new government where no one was allowed to love America. Khomeini later characterized the U.S. as “The Great Satan”. When the captures of the hostages found out about the failed rescue attempt, they moved the hostages to several secret locations in different cities. When the hostages were taken from the Embassy, Khomeini did little to stop it and when he realized how popular the crisis was among his people, he allowed it to continue despite the U.S. persistently pressuring Iran to give the hostages back. In return  Carter froze billions of dollars of Iranian assets and issued an embargo on Iranian oil.    During this crisis Ronald Reagan was running for president in the year of 1980 when he won the election on november 4. In the fall of 1980, Mohammed Shah died due to cancer complications. Later that year in September, Iran agreed to begin negotiations for the release of the remaining 52 american hostages. The U.S. agreed to release the $8 billion of frozen Iranian assets and stay away from any political business taking place in Iran. On January 19, 1981 the U.S. and Iran signed the agreement but did not return the hostages till the next day when Reagan gave his inaugural address to make a final embarrassment of Jimmy Carter. Minutes after his inaugural address, a plane carrying the remaining 52 American hostages left Tehran to meet at a U.S. Army base in Germany. Luckily none of the hostages were killed throughout the duration of the crisis.   In commemoration of the hostages, U.S. citizens hung yellow ribbons on the base of tree trunks and throughout cities. This crisis was not good for president Carter. On November 4 Reagan won the election and  Carter lost a second term due to his incompetence and lack of leadership through the crisis. Ronald Reagan was seen as someone stronger than Jimmy Carter and was better fit to run the U.S. as president. From November 4, 1979 to January 20, 1981, these 444 days in history will be known as The Iran Hostage Crisis.         


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