The Industrial Revolution in Britain led to a number of negative effects, but overall, the positive consequences have outweighed the negative ones. From 1760 to 1840, there were many innovations and positive results. Some of these positive consequences were medical advances, innovations in transportation and communication.
Over the many years of population growth, there were many more mortalities, which decreased the population immensely, but with these mortalities came a lot of advances and good discoveries. For instance, as many children died, people came up with medical advances to control disease; the text states, “Medical advances overtime supplied the means to control disease and reduce mortality”(827, The Making of Industrial Society). Here one can see the improvement in the medical field that resulted from the population growth. Similarly, after the discovery of the smallpox vaccine, countless doctors were inspired to prevent illnesses from other viruses as well, and physicians began to “develop vaccines that prevented sickness and death from polio, tetanus, typhoid, whooping cough, and many other diseases that once plagued humankind”(827, The Making of Industrial Society). The Industrial Revolution also brought about more advanced forms of birth control and contraception; the text states that “the effectiveness and popularity of the condom soared in the mid-nineteenth century with the arrival of the latex condom, which served both as a contraceptive device and a barrier against syphilis and a much-feared venereal disease” (828, The Making of Industrial Society). As disease prevention increased and mortality rates began to decline, the human population became healthier and began to live longer, two of the many positive outcomes of the Revolution. The newly invented machinery of the Industrial Revolution also produced various positive consequences.
One of the central inventions of the Revolution was the steam engine, which powered the cotton business as well as many other industries. The steam engine greatly influenced the production of goods which drastically decreased the price. The steam engines powered machinery which dramatically helped others do their job more efficiently and produce more items. For instance, many of these technological advances completely changed production time, and the text states that “machine production raised work productivity, encouraged economic specialization, and promoted the growth of large-scale enterprise” (816, The Making of Industrial Society).
Similarly, when the demand for cotton skyrocketed, plantation owners were able to greatly increase production using the steam engine, which “rapidly mechanized the cotton textile industry” (818, The Making of Industrial Society). Here, one can see that when workers could not produce products at a pace that matched the public demand, machines were used to produce goods efficiently and on a massive scale. Although mechanical inventions replacing working humans may seem like a negative consequence, the new machinery, which had to be under constant human surveillance actually generated a vast number of jobs, and “by 1830, half a million people worked in the cotton business, Britain’s leading industry which accounted for 40% of exports” (818, The Making of Industrial Society).
Overall, one can see that there were a lot of positive consequences from the innovations of the new machinery.Throughout the Industrial Revolution, many uses were found for the steam engine. One main use of the steam engine was to use it for transportation. They built steamships, steam engines, and steam trains. Many boats could hardly travel far distances, but as the steam engine got more advanced, it revolutionized the transportation system. Small boats could now carry small quantities of coal which then could power a steam engine much longer and provide a longer duration of time the steam engine could work.
After this discovery, they could travel far distances. For instance, as the steam engine advanced, it was used to transport people; the text says, ” Steam engineering and metallurgical innovations both contributed to the improvement in transportation technology” (819, The Making of Industrial Society). Sherwin can see clearly that the steam engine revolutionized that transportation system.
Similarly, after the steam engines could work more effectively, they lowered the transportation costs; the text says, ” because they have the capacity to carry huge cargos, railroads and steamships dramatically lowered transportation costs” (819, The Making of Industrial Society). Lastly, the steam engine left transportation evolved, which linked many cities together; the text says, ” they’re also contributed to the creation of dense Transportation at work that linked remote interior region and Distant Shores more closely than ever before” (816, The Making of Industrial Society). Overall one can see that the Industrial Revolution greatly impacted transportation and communication.Overall, the Industrial Revolution revolutionized transportation, machinery.
communication, and most importantly, medical knowledge. This saved many lives and linked different cities together. Even though one could argue that the new innovations caused many deaths and negative consequences, more positive consequences came out of the Industrial Revolution. For the most part, the Industrial Revolution’s positive consequences outweighed all the negative consequences.