– the early chapters of the book. The


– foreshadowing -The use of forshadowing in a novel can help it’s reader get a sense of whatis to come in the story without giving away the events themselves. It is apowerful tool which prevents events from being left unexplained, leaving thereader question the effectivness of an outcome. The eventual breakdown of thecharacter Holden Caufield in J.D. Salinger’s controversial 1945 novel “TheCatcher in the Rye” was foreshadowed in the early chapters of the book.The first clue is his negative approach to life.

He begins by talking abouthis “lousy childhood” (p.1) and the first traces of profanity can be seen scatteredabout the page in the form of “crap”, “hell” and “goddam”. Holden’s first sign ofdistrust comes when he speaks to Ward Stradlater about his date with JaneGallagher: “Listen. Give my regards, willya?” “Okay,” Stradlater said, but I knew he probably wouldn’t…

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“Ask her if she still keeps all her kings in the back row.” “Okay,” Stradlater said, but I knew he wouldn’t. (p.33-34)This is seen again when he doesn’t trust Stradlater to stop his advances of Jane inthe case that she says no. Holden gives up his faith in people to trust him whenhe boards a bus holding a snowball.

The driver refuses to believe that Holdenwon’t throw the snowball so he draws the conclusion that “People never believeyou.” (p.37). He is also always placing labels upon people as being “phonies”which gives the reader the idea that Holden thinks that others are materialistic.Holdens attempts to protect the innocence in the world is another earlysign of his deteriorating state. When Holden goes to Pheobe’s school to deliverhis note he sees some swearing of the wall which he says “drove me damn nearcrazy” (p.201).

He wipes the words from the wall in an attempt to prevent theinevitable from occuring, leading the reader to believe that he may experiencesome mental unstability in the future. Eventually he comes to the realization thathe can’t rub all the profanity away himself. Another example of Holden’s attemptto shelter innocence is the fact that he never does call Jane, possibly for fear thatshe will scar his memories of her as an innocent child. The title of this novelpresents this theme to the reader in that Holden wants to be “the catcher in therye” (p. ) so he can catch all of the children that sway to close to the edge of acliff in thier play.

Perhaps the most obvious example of foreshadowing in the novel occurswhen his parents come close to having him “phsycoanalyzed and all” (p.39) whenhe breaks all the windows in the garage. Throughout the novel he refers tohimself as “a madman” (p.79) which gives the reader the idea that he sees himselfas having a sort of mental problem. These two peices of evidence alone presenta fairly firm idea of what will happen to Holden towards the end of the story.The use of foreshadowing is evident in the novel “The Catcher in the Rye”.

It does it’s job well in that it foretells the outcome of Holdens many problems andgives reason for it. The eventual breakdown of Holden is not startling to thereader because of the authors use of foreshadowing and therefore it is effective.

The Anyway he called her and she


The theme that the world has an outward appearance that seems fair and perfect but really they’re as Holden put it “phonies.

” This is shown countless amount of times in his journey through New York and even before he left. The setting is in the 1950’s; so I’m pretty sure that he didn’t encounter any transvestites, lesbians, or anything that extreme of phoniest. Or on the other hand he could have liked them for being as Elmemson said a “none conformist.” But I doubt it, he seemed to like kids more than anything.

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And his job, as he felt, was to protect them in their innocents; of which I will talk about in my second theme. The first example that stands out in my mind is the scene with Stradlater in the “can.” If you remember Stradlater was getting ready for his other date while Holden watched him. “Stradlater was a secret slob” in public he always looked good and got all the girls but in fact he was a slob. His razor that made him look so good was “rusty as hell and full on lather and hair and crap.

” This proves that he is a slob to “never clean it or anything.” If you think about it that’s even worst than Old Ackley. At least Ackley knew that he had a problem, that he need to do something about his face; but Stradlater thought that he was a great guy. He actually thought that there was nothing wrong with never washing his razor.

I think that what mad, Holden so made Stradlater was perpetrating in other word being “phony” every time he went out all GQ after using that filthy razor. Another instance is when he calls that girl in New York, Faith Cavendish, that Eddie Birdsell had brought to a dance at Princeton. Anyway he called her and she almost went off until Holden drooped Eddie’s name. Then all of a sudden “she was getting friendly as hell.” The same person said “if you think I enjoy bein’ woke up in the middle-” was “getting an english accent all of a sudden.” I think Holden caught her with her faade down. When she first picked up the phone she was mad as anybody else would be in her shoes. But as soon as she processed “Eddie Birdsell from Princeton” she became so amicable.

She most of thought that a friend of Eddie, from Princeton, most have been rich or at lest well off. Faith was all ready to hook up with him for a date until she asked “Where ya callin’ from? Where ya at now, anyways?” And “in a phone booth” was the wrong answer. When he said that she new he had no money and from that point on she had no time to meet up any more. This is a good example of the phoniest that Holden will talk about all through book.

Oh and one I almost missed it is a little before the conversation with Faith it is a very important event. When J.D. Salinger had Holden look about of the window I think it was a big simile, of which I think about more in theme number 3, of the theme of the book. I’m sure Holden didn’t ride all the way to New York to pick a run down hotel.

So I take it when he drove up it probably looked good on the outside. He even “took it off referring to the red hunting hat before I checked inI didn’t want to look like a screwball or something.” So we can assume it was nice, or at lest on the outside.

Salinger even throw Holden foreshadowed a little in the line “I didn’t know then that the goddam hotel was full of perverts and morons.” The first guy he saw out his room window “took out all these women’s clothes, and put them on.” Then he started walking around like a women, smoking a cigarette, and looking in the mirror. And now I guest I have to take back my sentence about transvestites in the opening paragraph. Second he saw a couple squiring water and “they

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