Syed Toufeeq AliProf. ClarkENG103.8432January 6, 2018A Comparison of the impact of Vegetarian diet and Non-vegetarian diet. Both the vegetarian diet and non-vegetarian diet has its own pros and cons but according to my research Vegetarian diet is not as healthier as non-vegetarian diet. I would also compare all the three subcategories of vegetarian diets namely lacto-ovo vegetarians (whose diets include eating dairy products and eggs), lacto-vegetarians (who eat dairy, but avoid eggs), and vegan vegetarians (those who avoid animal products altogether) with non-vegetarian diet. I would also discuss about all the myths regarding both diets and try to come up with facts. Furthermore, I would try to include all the other topics under this realm. For example, some people promote vegetarianism because they consider killing a living being as a sin. I have two articles for now and I do not know if they would help me build my argument and therefore I might change the articles if it doesn’t lead me to a good conclusion. The articles that I have chosen today are “Why I Am Not a Vegetarian.” from EBSCOhost and the other one is “Becoming a Vegetarian.” from the website of Harvard Medical School. Syed Toufeeq AliProf. ClarkENG103.8432January 6, 2018Annotation #1In the first article “WHY I AM NOT A VEGETARIAN” the writer tries to prove why vegetarianism is not as better as non-vegetarianism using scientific facts. He does not disagree with the fact that vegetarian diet in special circumstances such as heart disease, blood pressure and obesity can be helpful but at the same time he also emphasizes that vegetarian diet in common people can lead to minerals, vitamins and other deficiencies and malnourishment. He categorizes vegetarians as “pragmatic” and “ideologic”. Pragmatic vegetarians are those who consume vegetarian diet because of its benefits such as in hyperchloraemia.The writer states, For ideologic vegetarians, “vegetarianism is a matter of principle”. They exaggerate the benefits of vegetarianism and fails to recognize the potential risks associated with extreme vegetarian diets.He also writes about how religion has an impact on dietary habits. He also discuss the five vegetarian postulates written by Darla Erhardt, R.D M.P.H and uses scientific facts and rationales to disprove them. For example, the very first postulate is”All forms of life are sacred, and all creatures have a right to live out their natural lives. He disprove this statement by saying that most creatures in the wild die long before they have reached the genetic limit of their longevity. I can further extend this argument by saying if killing animals is a sin than killing plants is a bigger sin.This is because even plants have life and can feel pain according to science. It is a bigger sin to kill plants because plants have three senses and animal has five senses and hence the plants are more innocent.Syed Toufeeq AliProf. ClarkENG 103.8432January 6, 2018Annotation #2The second article that I have chosen for my research paper is “Becoming a Vegetarian” from Harvard Health Publishing. This article gives information regarding both the advantages and disadvantages of Vegetarian diet. The advantages of vegetarian diet discussed in this article are as follows. Firstly it lowers the cholesterol level which is a major risk factor for heart disease and blood pressure. Secondly, It lowers the body mass index (BMI) which is associated with longevity and a reduced risk for many chronic diseases. Finally, it also helps to keep blood sugar levels steady. The disadvantages of vegetarian diet discussed in this article are as follows. Firstly, due to lack of dairy consumption in some vegetarians they suffer with Vitamin D and Calcium deficiencies. Both of them leads to osteoporosis and hence high rate of fractures. Secondly, because Vitamin B12 is only found in animal products, a majority of vegetarians suffer from Vitamin B12 deficiency which can cause serious neurologic problems such as gait disturbance. Also this neurological changes are irreversible even after replacing the Vitamin B12 with supplements. Lastly, strict vegetarian diet can also lead to Iron deficiency.The article says that unless someone follow the recommended guidelines on nutrition, becoming a vegetarian would not be necessarily beneficial. Syed Toufeeq AliProf. ClarkENG 103.8432January 6, 2018Annotation #3My third and fourth sources would be interviews, one from a vegetarian and the other from non-vegetarian respectively. In this way I can listen to both the parties and compare their views and find common grounds. I firstly interviewed Mohammed who is a non-vegetarian. I have chosen him particularly because he is a graduate in nutrition and also he is practicing Muslim. Interviewing Mohammed would give me information about why he advocates or why he is a non-vegetarian and also it would give me information regarding how his religion has an impact on his dietary habits. I interviewed him for 20 minutes but the following are the important questions that he have answered. Is being a Muslim makes you a non-vegetarian ?He answered “No”. A Muslim can be a very good Muslim despite being a pure vegetarian. It is not compulsory for a Muslim to have non-vegetarian food. 2. Why do you prefer non-vegetarian food over vegetarian food?He says, Non-vegetarian diet is an excellent source of protein. It contains biologically complete protein i.e. all the 8 essential amino acid that are not synthesized by the body and should be supplied in the diet. Meat also contains iron, vitamin B1 and niacin. 3. Do you consider human beings are designed to eat animals?He answered as “Yes”. To prove this he says “Humans have Omnivorous set of teeth”. All the herbivorous animals have flat teeth and all the carnivorous animals have pointed teeth. But human beings have flat teeth as well as pointed teeth. Hence humans can have both vegetarian and non-vegetarian diet. He further states, The digestive system of herbivorous animals can digest only vegetables and the digestive system of carnivorous animals can digest only meat. But the digestive system of humans can digest both vegetarian and non-vegetarian food.These are the three main questions that Mohammed answered but he gave several other rationales and facts regarding why he chose to be a non-vegetarian which I may include either in the outline or final paper.Syed Toufeeq AliProf. ClarkENG 103.8432January 6, 2018Annotation #4My fourth source is also an interview. I interviewed Ramandeep who is a vegan and a Hindu by faith. He was born and raised in India and belongs to the upper caste of hinduism known as “Brahmin”. Brahmin people are well known for their vegetarian diet. I have chosen Ramandeep because his position on vegetarianism is completely opposite to that of my friend Mohammed. I asked him only one basic questions. What are the primary reasons for you being vegetarian ?Meat makes a person aggressive and also makes his mind unstable known as “Rajasic” whereas a vegetarian diet promotes “Satvic” qualities by calming the mind and leads the way for spiritual progress. By practising vegetarianism it elevates an individual toward Satvic qualities. It makes a person to work for the betterment of the society. Furthermore, he went went further stating “All vegetarians are non-violent. The reason for practising vegetarianism are also because of the belief in the Law of Karma. They believe that if you kill animals in this life than you would be reincarnated as animals in your next life.He also stated that whenever we kill any animal for our food we are selfish. He says he do not see any logic in getting nutrition from killing innocent human beings. In conclusion, Ramandeep stated that “Non-Vegetarianism can only harm innocent creatures and promote violence”.I can defend all his views logically and by giving facts and figures. I can put His entire view about Non-Vegetarianism in two sentences. The first being eating Non-Vegetarian food makes a person violent. The second one is that “It is cruel to kill innocent animals for our nutrition”. I can give only a single example from history to disprove the statement “All vegetarians are non-violent.” Hitler who killed more than 5 million Jews was a vegetarian. The second point “It is cruel to kill innocent animals for our nutrition”.I have already proved in my third annotation that killing plants is more cruel than killing animals.Therefore, the two interviews that I have taken have two opposite views on vegetarianism and hence can help me build my argument in my research paper and also at the same time I would be presenting the views of the opposite side which is healthy for an effective research paper.Syed Toufeeq AliProf. ClarkENG 103.8432January 6, 2018Annotation #5 The fifth article I have chosen is about the impact of vegetarian diet on health. The name of the article is” Health effects of vegetarian and vegan diets”. I have chosen this article to go over some health risks of vegetarian diet. This is a credible source because it has been published by the University of Oxford. Like my second article, namely “Becoming a Vegetarian”, this article also speaks about the deficiencies of vitamins and minerals that a vegetarian might face that a non-vegetarian might not face as far as he do not have any internal issues with absorption. The different kind of deficiencies are Vitamin B12 deficiency, Iron deficiency and other kind of deficiencies. Besides these deficiencies, the article also talks about how vegetarian athletes cannot perform adequate supramaximal exercise due to lower muscle creatinine concentration. The article further explains that how vegetarians have a reduced risk factors for different kinds of cancer. For example, Colorectal cancer, Breast cancer and Prostate cancer. But it says that “Studies of prostate cancer incidence or mortality have not demonstrated any difference between lacto-vegetarians and non-vegetarians”.I have chosen this article because I wanted to include both the health benefits and risk of vegetarian diet in my paper. Syed Toufeeq AliProf. ClarkENG 103.8432January 6, 2018Annotation #6 My sixth and last article is about the benefits of Mediterranean Diet. I have chosen this topic because all of my other sources were either supporting Vegetarian diet or Non-Vegetarian diet but this article serves as a middle ground between two opposing positions. Mediterranean diet is a type of a traditional diet in Mediterranean countries, comprising especially by a high intake of vegetables and olive oil and moderate consumption of protein, and is well known for its health benefits.