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    Students’ perspectiveof use of social media for educational purposeNeha Agrawal      Departmentof Computer and System Sciences Stockholm2018-01-07 Scientific Communication and Research MethodologyAutumn term2017AbstractSocial media is one of the most usefulplatform to connect with each other. Nowadays, social media has become anintegral part of daily life of almost all the students. In this research, theanalysis of social media is presented which states whether social mediaplatform is useful for education purpose or not for the students. Moreover, it is also interesting to know themajor purpose of use of social media by the students. The use of social mediais increasing day by day. The data was collected using web basedquestionnaire through 48 students of New Look Girls’College, Rajasthan, India.Google charts are used to analyse the use of social media for educationalpurpose.

 The study examines the students perspectiveof the use of social media for educational purpose. According to the findingsof this research, the social media is useful for the students for educationalpurpose. However, it is also found that the use of social media often distractsthe students. Keywords: Social media, Educational purpose,Students etc.   Table of Contents1     Introduction. 11.

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1      Background. 11.2      Aim and objectives. 21.3      Research Questions. 21.4      Limitations of the study. 21.

4.1       A Subsection. 22     Methodology.

32.1      Data Collection Methods. 32.2      Sampling. 42.3      Data Analysis. 52.

4      Research Ethics. 53     Results. 63.1      Data Collection and Analysis. 63.2      Findings. 64     Discussion. 9References.

10Appendix A Informed Consent Form.. 11Appendix B Data Collection Protocols Used. 12     1              Introduction1.1        BackgroundSocial media is a platform for interaction, gaining knowledge, sharingideas, to know about several events etc. any website that allow interactionbetween people is termed as social media sites like Facebook, Instagram,Twitter (Gwenn Schurgin O’Keeffe

Among all the websites, Facebook is termed as”dominant” social networking site (Paul A. Tess. 2013).The notion that socialmedia could be a useful tool for educational purposes has received recentattention (Paul A. Tess.

2013). Students of developed countries communicatewith each other for coordination, cooperation and also for knowledge (C.M.Bermudez, 2016).

 It is a virtual living space where people interact with each other andshare their views (Mario Gastaldi, 2014). It is also used by many students toexchange their ideas, share their work and communicate for educational andnon-educational purposes. They do their group projects and homework usingsocial media. For communication among groups for their projects andassignments, social media is very convenient for the students. It helps them towork online irrespective of their physical presence (Gwenn Schurgin O’Keeffe Social media interactions and their effects on daily life are beingstudied for many years.

It is an interesting and important topic to discussthat how far it helps and what are the drawbacks of using social media forstudents. Previous studies suggests that social media is helpful for studentsfor their educational purposes. However, excessive use of social media leads todistraction and affect the academic performances (Magda Chelly et.

al.2012).But, what is the students’ perspective about use of social media in educationis still questionable. Therefore this study focuses on identifying thestudents’ perspective of use of social media in education.      1.2        Aim andobjectives     Research Aim:·      The aim of thisstudy is to analyze the NLGC students’ perspective of use of social media foreducational purposes.      ResearchObjective:·      To identify thefamous social media platform for educational purpose among students of NLGC.

·      To explore the useof social media for educational purpose.1.3        ResearchQuestions     Main question:·      What are thestudents’ perspectives of using social media for educational purpose?Sub question:·      What social mediaplatform is famous among students for educational purpose?·      How students usesocial media for educational purpose?1.4        Limitationsof the studyThis study concentrates only on students’ view of use ofsocial media for educational purpose. The participants for this are students ofNew Look Girls’ College, Rajasthan, India. The students are from differentdepartments such as computer science, management etc.

 Thisstudy identifies the primary role of social media in students’ life and it alsodetermines the principal purpose of using social media (like Facebook, Whatsappetc.) in education. This study does not include the use of social media apartfrom educational purpose. Also, “students” is a very broad term. Theparticipants for this study are just a small sample of students of NLGC andtherefore the result of this study cannot be generalized. `  2              MethodologyThis study is conducted on students of NLGC,Rajasthan, India. The data collection methods that are suitable for this studyare questionnaire and interview.

 The interview is telephonic or face to facecommunication between the researcher and the participants. It helps to get morein depth knowledge of the research topic. However, this study is focusing onbreadth rather than depth that is why interview discussions are not very usefulhere. Also it is a short study and need to be completed in eight weeks whereinterview can be time consuming data collection method. The questionnaire is the series of the written andwell organized questions that are focused on the broader knowledge rather thanin depth knowledge (Randolph 2008, p.74). Questions can be open ended or closedquestions depending on the requirement of the research. This method is suitablein this research as the questions are well designed.

It is inexpensive andcollection of data is also quick. 2.1        DataCollection MethodsFor conducting this research, questionnaire isbeing used for collecting data to analyze the final result. The questionnairesare the series of written and well defined questions (Randolph 2008, p.74). Thereare different type of questionnaire which are distributed among theparticipants such as paper based questionnaire, web based questionnaire. It isthe best method to collect reliable information quickly (Denscombe, M.

, 2014,p.158). So data can be collected in a faster way using questionnaire.

The questionnairecan be send to the participants either online or in offline mode to gatherinformation. The interview is one to one method which involvesthe researcher and the participants. It gives the detailed information and indepth knowledge (Denscombe, M., 2014, p.176). It is a good collection for datacollection and suitable for the studies focusing on deep knowledge. Conductinginterview require more time as compared to questionnaire data collectionmethod. Also both the researcher and the participants have to fix time forthis.

But here, first the study is focusing on breadth rather than depth andsecond the study is a small scale study which should be complete in eightweeks, so conducting interviews for collecting data is not a good option. Thus the questionnaires are well suited to reachthe large set of students and gain the knowledge about their perspective. Forthe research, the online survey was conducted, and a questionnaire was sent tothe participants via email. There were set of closed questions to whichstudents can easily provide suitable answers.

2.2        SamplingThere are two types of sampling: probability sampling and nonprobability sampling as described based on research population (Denscombe, M.,2014, p.43). Being a small scale study, this research used an exploratorysample and it comes under non probability sampling.

The sample of this researchcomprises of students of different age group from different department ofstudy. The participants of the study are the students of NLGC, Rajasthan, Indiawho are willing to help in this research. The participants were restricted to the smallnumber of population as this is a small scale study and was collected within 7to 8 days by contacting the students via social media as it is the best way to communicatewith friends and also it is easy to collect or gather more data. According to Denscombe (2003, p.12), it is notpossible to collect data from everyone in the sampling frame.

This studyapplies quantitative methods to analyze views from the students instead of thequalitative method. As this is the small scale study, it had to be carried outwith a limited budget and efforts in a limited time period. The questionnairesprepared in the Google form were sent to the students of NLGC through Facebook,Email etc. According to Denscombe (2014, p.24), the sample size of 30 to 250 isideal for small scale study.    2.3        DataAnalysisData analysis describes and summarizes data,regardless of whether the data is qualitative or quantitative.

There are manytypes of data analysis some of them are basic in nature and some of them aremore specific in nature. The two prominent methods of data analysis arequalitative research and quantitative research. The web based questionnaire was prepared on Googleform. The link to the survey sent to the students through social media such asFacebook, Whatsapp etc. There were 10 questions in the questionnaire for thesurvey. These questions were based on how does social media help the studentsfor academic purpose and how does it adversely affect the students. Thequestionnaire has both dichotomous questions (yes/no) and ordinal questions(strongly agree, mostly agree, partly agree, mostly disagree and stronglydisagree). The survey provide graph and pie chart that wouldbe easy to correlate with data (Denscombe, M.

, 2014, p.255). the questionnairewas created in Google form. The Google pie charts are used here to analyze theresult.  2.4        ResearchEthicsResearch ethics is interested in analysis ofethical issues rose when people are involved as participants in research.Research ethics consists of three objectives first is to protect humanparticipants, second is to ensure that the research serves interest ofindividuals, groups or society as a whole, and lastly the third objective is toexamine research activities for their ethical soundness.

 According to Denscombe, the research study shouldbe perform in an ethical manner. The participants should be aware of theprobable risks involved in the research study and participants shouldparticipate accordingly in an ethical research. There is no any possible riskin this study. The participants were given the informed consent form to get theconsent of the participants to take part in the research study and thencontinue. The informed consent form preceded the questionnaire. The informedconsent form includes all the details about the research and also details aboutthe purpose of this study.

Moreover, the study was done under the rules andregulations of the FMVEK course.  3              Results3.1        DataCollection and AnalysisA Google form containing questionnaire of 10questions was created. The link to the form was sent to the participants, whoare the students of NLGC through social media such as Facebook and Whatsapp.

The link was sent with an informed consent form. The participants had read andunderstood the informed consent form before proceeding with the questionnaire.The data collection was started on 14 December 2017 and closed on 23 December2017. The questionnaire was sent to 60 students, and from which 48 responseswere received. As it is small study 48 responses were sufficient for analyzingthe result.

3.2        Findings From figure 1, it has been found that 44 students out of 48 students(91.7 %) use “Facebook” platform more often. However, most of the students alsoresponded that they use “WhatsApp” platform. These two platforms, “Facebook”and “WhatsApp” are used by most of the students in DSV.                                            Figure 1: Social media platforms       See figure 2; it has also been found that about 68.8% students usesocial media for educational purpose as per the survey. Moreover, 50% (seefigure 4) of the respondents responded that they use social media for theirproject works.

However, 62.5% (see figure 4) also responded that they usesocial media for communication among the fellow students.                      Figure 2: Social media foreducational purpose                                  Figure 3: Use ofSocial Media for educational purpose       Furthermore, 50% (see figure 5) of the respondents responded that Socialmedia is helpful for them for educational purpose. It shows that how doessocial media help in student’s life. From the figure 3 and figure 4, it can beconcluded that social media is used by students for educational purposes.                         Figure 4: Social media foreducational purpose   However, 50% respondents also responded that social media distracts themfrom their studies (see figure 5). The cause of their distraction is chattingwith friends and engaging in other activities.

                         Figure 5: Social mediadistraction 4              DiscussionThis research study took place to know about thestudents’ perspective of using social media for educational purposes. Theresult of this research study indicates that the students use social media tocommunicate and share ideas with their fellow partner and use it as a platformfor the project work and assignments. It also shows that social media helpsthem in educational purpose. However, majority of students accepted that theyget distracted easily from their work and studies because of use of socialmedia. They agreed that social media keeps them busy in chatting with friendswhich makes them distract from their work and studies to an extent.

 The concern of this study is to know what socialmedia platform is famous among students for educational purposes and what theuses of social media are for educational purposes. In response to this it isfound that “Facebook” is the most famous platform among students foreducational purposes. According to the participants of the research, “Facebook”is famous for making groups online so that students can chat with their fellowpartners and share ideas and work together on projects or assignments even ifthey are not together physically. It helps them a lot and also saves a lot oftime.

 The result of this study confirms the result of thestudy by Magda (2012). The study by Magda indicates that the social media is agreat way for educational purpose and the use of social media helps the studentto interact and share ideas among each other. The Magda’s study shows theimportance of implementing social media in student’s life. The result of thisstudy is in alignment with the study of Magda (2012) that the majority ofstudents uses Facebook as a way or platform for interaction with the fellowstudents for educational purposes. The findings of this research study are importantfor students and it indicates the relation between education and the socialmedia. In conclusion, this research study shows that the use of social media ineducational purpose positively helps the students for their project work andassignments. It also shows that “Facebook” is the major platform use by thestudents for education purpose among the available social media platform.

‘Facebook’ is used by the students to make online group so that they caninteract and share ideas easily without even sitting together physically at sameplace. Like this it helps them to work on their project efficiently.References·      Magda Chelly& Hana Mataillet . (2012), IEEE, Social Media and the Impact on Education,WinAcademy Soutien Scolaire,Paris, France    ·      GwennSchurgin O’Keeffe, MD, Kathleen Clarke-Pearson, MD, and Council on              communications and media,Clinical Report- The impact of Social Media on Children,              Adolescents, and Families       http://www. ·      Sai T Moturu*,Inas Khayal*, Nadav Aharony*, Wei Pan*, Alex(Sandy) Pentland*, (2011), IEEE,Using Social Sensing to Understand the Links between Sleep, Mood andSociability     ·      MarioGastaldi,(2014) , Integration of Mobile, Big Data, Sensors, and Social Media:Impact on Daily life and Business   

jsp?arnumber=06880670/ ·      Paul A.Tess., (2013), The role of Social Media in higher education classes (real andvirtual)     ·      Nancy K.Baym, Yan Bing Zhang, Mei-Chen Lin, (2004), Social interaction across media             http://nms.sagepub.

com/content/6/3/299.abstract ·      SebastianValenzuela,Namse Park, Kerk F.Kee, (2009), Is There Social Capital in a SocialNetwork Site?:Facebook Use and College Students’Life Satisfaction, Trust, andParticipation   

1083-6101.2009.01474.x/full ·      Arun PreethiPillai, Aparna Ashok, Sangeetha Gunasekar, (2015), IEEE, Facebook as a site ofInformation ·      C.M.Bermudez, P.

W.C. Prasad, Abeer Alsadoon, L. Hourany, (2016), Students Perceptionon the use of Social Media to learn English within secondary education indeveloping countries     ·      Denscombe, M.

(2014). The good research guide for small-scale research projects. 5th Edition,Berkshire. UK: Open University Press.

·      Denscombe, M.(2003). The good research guide for small-scale research projects. 2nd Edition,Berkshire. UK: Open University Press.·      Randolph, J.(2008). Multidisplinary Methods in Educational Technology Research andDevelopment.

HAMK University of Applied Scienced, Hameenlinna, Finland     Appendix A Informed Consent FormDear Participant,My name is Neha Agrawal, and I am a Master’s Student in InformationSystems Management Program at Stockholm University. I am currently taking thecourse in Scientific Communication and Research Methodology. As a part of thiscourse, I am conducting a mini research on determining the influence of SocialMedia on Academic Performances. You are invited to participate in this researchstudy. The purpose of this study is to investigate whether the usage of thesocial media have affected the academic performances of the students of NLGC,Rajasthan, India positively or negatively. The objectives of this researchStudies are: – To explore the positive aspects of the use of social media instudent’s life (from the student’s point of view). – To examine the adverse side effects of using social media. Your participation in the research study is voluntary.

You may declinealtogether, or else, if you wish to participate, all the questions aremandatory. Even, if you agree now, you can terminate your participation at anytime without prejudice. Your name will not be attached with the answers and Iwill ensure your responses remain confidential. The questionnaire is a part ofa research study for course Scientific Communication and Research Methodologyand will be used only for academic purposes. The researcher will archive thedata safely after the successful completion of the research study.

If you wish to participate in the research study, please check the boxbelow that you have read and understood the terms of participation. Thequestionnaires will not take more than 15 minutes. You must be more than 18years of age.

There is not any probable risk involved in answering thequestionnaire apart from the emotional attachment to the CGPAs. You, being astudent, may be interested in the results of this research study. You will be providedwith the outcomes of this research study upon request. If you have any questionabout this research study, please feel free to contact me.  Thank you for your participation.Agree and Continue I have read and understood the terms ofparticipation as mentioned above.AppendixB Data Collection Protocols Used*Required Q1. What is your age group?a) 18-22b) 23-26c) 27-30d) 31 and above Q2.

Are you a student?a) Yesb) No Q3. Do you use Social Media? *a) Yesb) Noc) Maybe Q4. If you have answered yes in abovequestion. Which social media platform you use the most?a) Facebookb) WhatsAppc) Twitterd) Instagrame) Other Q5. Do you use social media for educationalpurpose? *a) Yesb) Noc) Maybe Q6.

If you have answered yes in above in abovequestion. How do you use social media for educational purpose?a) Project groupsb) Communication among fellow studentsc) Other  Q7. Social media is helpful for you foreducational purpose?a) Strongly agreeb) Agreec) Neutrald) Disagreee) Strongly disagree Q8. Use of social media for educationalpurpose helps increasing your academicperformance.a) Strongly agreeb) Agreec) Neutrald) Disagreee) Strongly disagree Q9. Use of social media for educationalpurpose distracts you from studies. *a) Strongly agreeb) Agreec) Neutrald) Disagreee) Strongly disagree Q10. If you have answered positively in abovequestion.

How does it distract you?a) Engaging in chat with friendsb) Engaging in socializing and other activitiesc) other              


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