Spartiate the day of their greatness many things

Women during their Adult life were not allowed to create clothing like many
other women classes in Greece; these tasks were given to helots the slave
population of Sparta. Instead a major responsibility given to the Female
Spartiates were overseeing there ‘Kleroi’
while their Warrior husbands were away training or fighting in a war.
‘Xenophon’ informs us that Spartiate women did commonly own and manage ‘Kleroi’
without male guardians. This is also reinforced by Aristotle “Spartans tin the
day of their greatness many things were managed by their woman… And nearly
two-fifths of the whole Spartan Country side was held by women”. Not only this
but Spartiate males very dependent on their wife’s to effectively pay their
debts to the ‘Syssition’ and the
government. Besides all of this their very most important role within the
Society was to become mothers of warriors. Xenophon explains “for free woman
the most important job was to bear children”.

After a
Spartiate Woman has given birth to a child if the baby survives the examination
by ‘The Council of elders’ the child is given back to the mother where she
would give full supervision of the child for the first seven years. While under
the supervision of their mother the child is introduced to physical training
and also taught them to be tough and resilient by refusing to nurture them as
babies. The mother also ingrained into them that performing at the Apex of
their ability was the only option in life. With that they would also raise the
child to conform around the laws and be loyal to Sparta. Spartan mothers
provided the Spartan state with a very vital step in the development stage and
preparation for the ‘Agoge’ for their
formal military training. A very Famous Spartan quote was Before a Spartiate
male left before battle his mother handed his shield to him and said “Son,
either with this or on this.” This tells us that the dream of a lot of Spartan
mothers was that her son would be a hero, but a hero only returned dead or

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These written sources and physical evidence
including the ‘statue of a young female
athlete’ has given us a small insight into the roles that women played
within the Spartan Society. With the little information we have gathered it has
given us the opportunity to be able to understand the influence the female
spartiate population had on the Society. 


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