The practice of public administration, which has been hitherto dominated by the government, is giving way to a networking between government, market and collective groups of people commonly referred to as ‘civil society.’ There has been a gradual shift from a narrow view of government to a broader notion of governance. The traditional approach of governance has relied excessively on bureaucracy with emphasis on hierarchy and adherence to rules and regulations; and with citizens as mere passive acceptors or recipients of goods and services. Governance is not governor-centric now, with power and authority moving from governors to the governed.
The task of governance has widened with many other actors coming into the field, blurring of boundaries between public and private sectors with lesser control exercised by government. The present concept of governance looks at government interacting with various segments of society and economy to arrive at mutually acceptable decisions.