Revolutionary War


How the Revolutionary War Begun Following the French
and Indian War, or otherwise known as The Seven Years
War, Britain was in major debt as with many countries after
war. On the other hand the Colonies were thriving from
trade and agriculture. At the end of the war the parliament in
England had no organized plan to reduce the enormous debt
they had bestowed upon themselves. Financing the French
and Indian War had almost doubled the national debt. The
parliament had stumbled into the beginning of the
Revolutionary War without even knowing it. They were
looking in an entirely different direction when the colonies
exploded with a rage that eventually turned into the
American Revolution. The Seven Years War ‘s outcome
also affected the impacted the Revolution by giving soldiers
experience that would later help them lead armies and make
decisions to win the Revolution. Among these men were the
prestigious names of Paul Revere, Ethan Allen, Horatio
Gates, Charles Lee, Daniel Morgan and the man who is
known as our founding father George Washington. During
the French and Indian War Washington was assigned a
mission which was a success and he was considered a hero
which later helped his success in the revolution and the
presidency later on . The King’s minister were trying to find a
way to finance the King’s military policy. During the French
and Indian Wars England had paid for the defense of the
Colonies as well as providing most of the troops and
leadership in the war. But, rather than demobilize at the end
of the war, King George III decided to keep the army at 3/4
strength. Eighty five regiments were kept on alert in case of
renewed hostilities between the British and French. There
was still the problem of paying for the regiments though.

They could not tax the countryside any more because of
current taxes that were already too great. The solution,
however, was to station most of the army in Ireland and the
Colonies requiring locals to house and feed the soldiers.

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They also made up the Sugar Act, Stamp Act and the
Towshend Duties to cover the 359,000 needed yearly to
sustain the regiments in the Colonies. The first of all the taxes
or Acts was the American Revenue Act of 1784, or called
the Sugar Act. It wasn’t even a new tax even. It was a
change of an old customs duty. In order to stop trade from
the West Indies to the Colonies Parliament in 1733 had
passed a protective tariff on sugar, molasses and other raw
materials from the West Indies. To avoid paying the customs
duty the colonists just smuggled in the goods. They objected
to following these new duties because they had long
acknowledged as legitimate. In the second place the sugar
act reduced the duty on a gallon of molasses by 50%. The
only thing was that mechanisms were put in place so they
could collect the duty and the American shippers were
forced to pay it. Objections were heard to the sugar act
because it was said that it was revenue not regulation and so
was illegitimate. the stamp act was legitimate . The tax was
laid directly on the colonist purposely for raising revenue .

What the tax did was mak! e most papers illegal by making
all legal documents have to have the particular stamp
assigned to the nature of the document. It was forced upon
documents, newspapers and pamphlets. In England that
Stamp tax was a part of daily life and was collected without
a hassle, but the American colonists did not take it lightly and
protested it emphatically. Even the Loyalists protested the
tax. The Colonies even formed a congress called the Stamp
Act Congress that protested daily in parliament against the
stamp act. Angry mobs crowded streets and tarred and
feathered many of the tax collectors. This all brought back
the old suspicion that most tax collectors and officials were
not collecting for the royal treasury but for their own
pockets. Also they were enraged that it was Parliament that
enacted the Stamp act and not the local legislature and thus
began the phrase, “No Taxation Without Representation”.

Since the colonists could not represent themselves in
Parliament then they had to form all taxes with a local
legislature. This is the basis for the entire Revolutionary War.

The British believed that Parliament was supreme over all of
the English lands and had the divine right to rule over them
without conflict. Although Parliament did have a
representative for the Colonies the colonists did not believe
in “virtual” representation. The problem was that the “virtual”
representatives

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