of land use pattern for tourism management using GIS
Department of Civil Engineering
Faculty of Engineering
UNIVERSITY OF MORATUWA –
Problem Statement. 3
Significance of the
Scope of the study. 4
Aims and Objectives. 4
Time schedule/work plan. 5
Budget/Estimated cost. 5
One of the most useful
applications of GIS in planning and management sector can be considered as
analysis of land use suitability. The well-defined land use suitability
analysis will identify the most appropriate spatial pattern for future land
uses based on specific requirements, preferences or predictors of activities.
The GIS-based land use
analysis has been applied in a variety of situations, including ecological
approaches for determining land use for plant and animal species, geological
suitability, land use for agricultural activities, landscape assessment,
selection of the best site for public and private sector organizations, land use
planning etc. This research focuses on the analysis of the relevance of land
use, as applied in tourism management. 1
Land use patterns
in tourism development and planning are becoming increasingly complex as
organizations and communities have to accept competing economic, social and
environmental demands for sustainable development. Geographical Information
Systems (GIS) can be considered as providing a toolbox with broad application
techniques and technologies for achieving sustainable tourism management. Impact
assessment and simulation are increasingly important in tourism development,
and GIS can play a role in auditing environmental conditions, examining the
relevance of sites for proposed developments, identifying conflicts of Interest
and Modeling Relationships The systematic assessment of environmental impact is
often hampered by information deficiencies, but also by tools for integration,
manipulation, visualization and analysis of data. GIS seems particularly suited
to this task. This research examines the land use patterns for tourism
management using GIS and its integration with the principles of sustainable development
in Sri Lanka.
Access to land or
a place is a primary requirement for tourism management. Land is needed for
tourism infrastructure and facilities, and for tourism-associated businesses
and services. So if there are not enough public lands for tourism we should have a
proper land use management system to develop tourism industry in Srilanka.
When considering about the relation between
tourism management issues about land use and GIS application followings can be
mainly identified to be managed.
v Tourist attracted areas in srilanka.
v Visitor flow management (to identify principal tourist activities
within a destination or among destinations).
v Facility inventory and resources use (to identify issues of environmental
justice, to identify conflicts, complementary land uses, tourist activities,
v Assessing impacts of tourism development (to demonstrate tourism
impacts on its surrounding).
Significance of the research
There are lots of
cases where GIS has been used to bring significant value in tourism land use planning.
The following cases have been selected in order to (a) emphasis remote
localities or situations where tourism development is only at the consideration
stage and (b) where issues of land uses are on the planning stage at the
value of GIS technology therefore, is in its ability to provide desk-top
mapping through the graphical display and manipulation of data in order to
identify patterns or relationships based on particular criteria. In this way
enhanced (value-added) information becomes available for further analysis or to
assist in a decision-making process. So the main purpose of this research is to
find proper land use patterns for Srilankan tourism industry from GIS functions
by covering all tourism destinations. 2
Scope of the study
destinations are usually characterized by three different land features:
points, lines and polygons.
Points – Individual tourist
attractions (e.g. historical buildings, museums)
Lines – Coastal beaches
Polygons – Natural parks
research will be limited to a certain destinations in Sri Lanka.
Aims and Objectives
v Define land use patterns for tourism
management in Sri Lanka.
v Identify the Tourism destinations.
v Develop a framework to evaluate
the proper land use systems for each categories for tourism management.
v Carry out a complete literature
survey to gain an idea about land use patterns for tourism management.
v Identify organizations related to
tourism industry in Sri Lanka and obtain available required data.
v With obtained data, define most
suitable land use patterns for tourism management for Si Lanka.
v Collect GIS information
about tourist trade, natural and socio-historical-cultural potentials, which
belong to group of primary potentials and secondary potentials containing
accommodation, food culture and
v Carry out field visits to selected areas for gather information
about land uses in tourism industry.
v Carry out discussions and sociological questionnaire survey among
stakeholders in relevant destinations.
v Analyze the data collected.
v Identify parameters to select
appropriate land use pattern for each destinations.
v Develop a platform to use these land
use patterns in tourism management in Sri Lanka. 3
Time schedule/work plan
Michaela Antoušková, “USE OF GIS TO STUDY TOURISM BURDEN”.
Safran, “Understanding Land Issues and Their Impact,” Creative
Commons Attribution, Pohnpei, september 2015.
D. o. G.
U. o. W. O. L. O. C. N. 5. Jacek Malczewski, “GIS-based land-use
suitability analysis: a critical,” ELSEVIER, p. 63, 2004.
S. Allen, Kang Shou Lu and Thomas D. Potts , “A GIS-BASED ANALYSIS AND
PREDICTION OF LAND-USE CHANGE,” Clemson University , U.S.A..
Mcadam, “The Value and Scope of Geographical Information,” Journal
of Sustainable Tourism, pp. 77-92, 2010.