Recently objects or often referred to as subjects.

 Recentlytaking a picture has become an irresistible fad. Snapping a photo of people,places and selfies are so naturally essential. Breathtaking sceneries andmemorable occasions could be captured and preserved for the future. People andmemories are frozen in time through snapshots. All these are possible becauseof photography.

 Butwhat is photography and why did it suddenly become eminent and trendy thesedays?  Photographyis the art or practice of processing and creating images or photographs usingcamera lens that captures the light emitted from targeted objects or oftenreferred to as subjects. The word photograph was popularized by Sir JohnHerschel in 1839. It is derived from the Greek words phos which means light and graphemeaning drawing or writing.  Theinternet era promoted the digital photography that led to the embrace ofdigital prints, saved as graphic formats like JPEG, TIFF and Raw files. In1992, Tim Berners-Lee was the first to publish a photograph on the web.

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Sincethen, the web has been a popular medium for storing and sharing photos. Picasa,Flickr and PhotoBucket are some of the known sited used by people for sharingphotos. Advancements in mobile technology has also made possible creatingbuilt-in camera into smart phones.  Withthat, almost everyone is exposed and can enjoy fair and easy access tophotography. Everysnapshot is a reflection of the world. Here are 11 different genres ofphotography that we can draw inspiration from and tips on how to achieve extraordinaryphotographs: Sports Photography. This type of photography covers action and everything related to sports.

It involves getting up-close and personal to capture legendary figures in action and notable moments. Catching the sharpness in motion is very challenging and shutter speed is crucial. Panning is one technique that shows a sharp subject with a blurred background indicating speed.

  Architectural Photography. Architecture is everywhere and could be as diverse as the complex façade of buildings or simple as a part of an interior design. A picture of unique shapes, colors and forms of structures are visibly fascinating. Albeit tricky in nature, the secrets to a stunning architectural photo can be achieved with proper framing and lighting. Nature Photography.

This genre covers all about natural environment such as landscape, wildlife, bodies of water and underwater. Landscape is quite popular because it captures the beauty of the surroundings, devoid of human activity. Popular subjects may be mountains, seasons, fields and gardens. To have an impressive landscape photo, consider where to place the horizon in the frame and wait for the right natural light. Wildlife photography on the other hand is concerned with photographing animals in their natural habitat. This is indeed promising but very challenging because it requires proper technical skills and patience. Special camera lens is mandatory as well as being in the right place at the right time to shoot a great wildlife photo.

Underwater photography is gaining notoriety nowadays because it offers rare and exciting opportunities to capture the water world. Waterproof cameras can be used to photograph marine life and submerged shipwrecks. To achieve one-of-a-kind underwater image, either try to get a macro image or show some scale to illustrate the size of the subject.   People Photography. People’s moods and expressions are beguiling to capture.

This type falls under two categories depending on the subject’s awareness: portraits or candid. Solo portraiture is mostly a close-up photo, emphasizing every detail of the subject’s face.  Taking group or family portrait is hard and needs imagination and patience to get an image where everyone looks good. Candid photography captures naturally fleeting moments and the subject is usually unaware. The shots are unplanned but captured the purest emotion of the subject. To take better portrait or candid photo, make sure that the subject is relaxed and turn off the camera flash.

 Special Events Photography. Corporate affairs, concerts, parties, festivals and wedding are part of this genre. Among these, the wedding photography is gaining instant popularity these days and couples are willing to pay premium just to capture this one-time event.  This may be considered the most overwhelming because a lot of things happen at the same time.  Although great photos are important, always keep in mind that the attendees enjoying the event are the priority.

Dress appropriately and be smart quick in taking pictures.  Street Photography. This type of photography captures the daily life in public spaces. This serves as an observation of every small aspect around that is constantly being neglected.  The fishing technique is one classic approach in street photography.

This is to identify an interesting background, leading lines and billboards then create juxtaposition with the subject that enters the frame. Food Photography. This genre focuses on creating attractive and mouth-watering still life images of food. Used primarily for commercial purposes such as advertisement, magazines, packaging and books to attract customers or consumers.

With the advent of social media platforms, almost everyone also had been sharing the food being served at home or in a restaurant for personal reasons. To get the desired food photograph, minimize the clutter and take pictures under natural light.                                Fashion Photography. This genre is devoted to showcase clothing and other fashion items a la mode for used originally in advertising or fashion magazines like Elle, Vogue and Vanity Fair.

Fashion photos must convey an essence of authority because it is created to allure customers to follow the fad. Hashtag #OOTD or outfit of the day had been quite familiar in this digital age. Creativity is one secret to get the best concept in fashion photography. Macro Photography. This kind of photography is the extreme close-up of tiny subjects.

Popular subjects include flowers, raindrops and insects or a part of them.  This is great to bring out the detail of the subject. Try shooting the subject in a peculiar angle and consider the focus when working up-close with very small subjects.  Scientific Photography. This makes use of advanced imaging techniques, such as ultraviolet, infrared or thermal imaging, to capture images for medical or scientific data. This may not be as popular as the other genre but the images play very vital roles in consumer products, public policy and health issues. Usually, scientific photographers have educational background in engineering, biology, chemistry or medicine.

 Aerial Photography. This genre is about capturing the view on the ground from the air, making use of drones or any flying things. This focus on topography, covering a wide area than specific details of the subject. Use a wide angle lens and fast shutter speed are the keys to capture the best aerial photos.  Digitalphotography is becoming in demand lately. This had become a famous leisure timeactivity and a hobby junction.

According to a survey, many young adultsconsider this profession a status symbol and camera became one of the mostprecious possessions. Asthe saying goes, a picture is worth a thousand words. Destin Sparks believesthat every photo has a story that people fail to put into words. This onlyshows that there are things that can be effectively conveyed using picturesthan to describe with words.  So enjoytaking as much photos as possible and capture life story through pictures.



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