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President Abraham Lincoln defined democracy in these words; “It is the government of the people, for the people, by the people” A Welfare Democratic State is obliged to provide food, shelter, education, security and basic health facilities to every citizen of the state. Other services that a welfare state provides include public transportation, child care, social public goods like public parks and libraries, and other such goods and services. Some of the services provided could be funded by government insurance programs or taxes collected by the government. Jinnah opposed capitalism and wanted to establish a welfare state. Ironically our rulers deviated from his vision and introduced an exploitative economic system which is still based on capitalism.Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) established the welfare state of Madinah as a role model later followed by the caliphs. The Qur’an is a book of wisdom and guidance to mankind in all spheres of life — social, economic and political —and, above all, a source of principles of democracy and justice to the deprived, the needy and the poor in an undemocratic state and society. The country which came into being after a long, united and arduous freedom struggle against an imperialist power. And that struggle, let’s say frankly, was a form of ‘jihad’ as many consider it now. The march continues despite hurdles. The objective is to turn the country into a true welfare state where the masses do not suffer because of ignorance, exploitation, unemployment, poverty, hunger and disease.Hypothesis:There is a relationship between basic needs of the people and a system of welfare state. MethodologyThis research will mainly be based on qualitative method. For this purpose, different methods will be adopted. Descriptive methods will be used to describe characteristics of Pakistani conditions to analyze the existing situation. This study will be based upon interviews, surveys interrogation; secondly through exploratory method effort will be made to understand the causes of the situation. Third, the approach will be explanatory method to explain and analyze the research problem.Poverty:There are at least three pillars which go to make a nation worthy of possessing a territory and running the government. One is poverty. Most president widespread problem of Pakistan is poverty. Two third of Pakistan’s population lines below the poverty line means they are unable to purchase their basic needs showing serious human deprivations two third of adult population are unable to read or write, half of the population cannot get access to basic social service like health care and safe drinking water, GDP growth rate is low and income per capita is very low. In contexts of Pakistan, poverty has always been higher in rural than urban areas. Pakistan has shown a decline in the poverty during 1970s and 1980s, but the trend reversed in the 1990s. Poverty rose more sharply in the rural areas in the 1990s, and the incidence of rural poverty was significantly higher than urban poverty 2. Inequality in both urban and rural areas also increased in Pakistan during the 1990s, which enhanced the negative impact on poverty. Although agriculture is the main activity in rural society, a significant percentage of the rural labor force, estimated at more than 40%, depends completely on nonfarm activities. The development of nonfarm activities appears to have been severely affected by low economic growth, weakening in public sector development expenditure, and lower worker remittances during the 1990s.Challenges to Education:Pakistan had been lacking of long term policy for educating its masses. The Pre dominant feudal cultures in Pakistan don’t want poor’s to be educated so never give priority to education during the first. School children educational challenges facing Pakistan are huge illiterate population is half of adults primary school enrolment is 82?%, 55% are dropouts in the primary education only 20% enrolled in the secondary education, 3% for technical and vocational training that improve the productive capacity of individual. They are 4 times more productive compare to working in agriculture sector. A recent research has shown a relationship between literacy rate and poverty by calculating four indicators (literacy of household heads, their educational attainment, the presence of a literate woman in a household, and highest qualification in a household). This study showed that families with higher education levels are less exposed to poverty. For example, in Punjab province, poverty was three and half times higher in families headed by an illiterate person than families headed by literate persons. In Sindh province, 55% of poor families were headed by illiterate persons compared to 27% of poor families headed by literate persons.Social Security:Pakistan does not have any general or universal social protection system that covers all of its population. It does not even have an umbrella institution that would extend social protection and social safety nets to the poor. Today state is not merely a police state exercising sovereign functions but as a progressive democratic state, it seeks to ensure social security and social welfare for the common man, it regulates industrial relations exercising control over the production, manufacture, and distribution of essentials commodities, starts many enterprises, tries to achieve equality for all and to ensure equal pay for equal work.  Whether Pakistan a welfare state;Yes theoretically Pakistan is a Welfare State. It is in its constitution itself has as Directive Principles of policy and Pakistan always seems to achieve it. But these Welfare policies are not adequately monitored and implemented. Rather it has given an effective corruption and partials.Conclusion and Observation:The authors find that the social welfare system in Pakistan does not provide the all basic necessities to its citizens. This system differs widely from the systems in the other advanced industrial nations they surveyed. In Pakistan, social welfare spending draws on both public and private resources. The Pakistan government is, more redistributive than the systems of most other developed nations.All the governments in Pakistan has been placing more emphasis on high economic growth it has never been their strategy to fulfill the basic need of the poor population only little attention is paid to provide the social service of education health, safe water and low income housing. Even if some progress has been made in terms of poverty alleviation, the government’s policies have had a marginal success, especially in rural areas. Rural areas are suffering from more poverty than urban areas; therefore, the government should give priority to rural areas to reduce poverty. The government must follow a long?term economic plan by considering the fast?changing demographic and economic trends. At this level, Pakistan should pay more attention to the quality of poverty instead of quantity. There are four comprehensive plans and supplementary policies that states might follow in reducing poverty, particularly in rural areas. In addition to these strategies, further research is required on the features of poverty.Government should send all children to welfare schools for their basic right – the right to be educated. With the backing of the government as a constant factor, the UN and its partners wouldn’t have to be the ones to initiate drastic measures and feel out of place. It is a joint effort with an amazing end result – education for all.’The state shall provide free and compulsory education to all the children of the age five to sixteen years in such manners as may be determined by the law.’ (Article 25-A, Constitution of the Islamic Republic of Pakistan)As in Pakistan, social security is only serving the workers of public sector and only in urban areas. Thus, government must construct a social security policy for workers in rural areas that provides safety at their retirement age, like governments employees. Provision of social security not only reduces the dependability of old people on their children but also helps to reduce poverty by providing enough funds to old people to look after themselves. BISPK is a first step toward social security for low?income families across the country. However, it does not cover the elderly population who claims to be in retirement age. However, a number of programs targeted at improving governance and responsibility of public institutions to be able to better respond to the needs of the poor, assisting them economically by creating income and employment opportunities, and improving their access to basic services are being implemented by the government, NGOs, and the private sector. Each of these sectors operates in a distinct manner as discussed in this section.Our national priorities would require focus on the immediate sufferings of the masses rather than widening the already yawning gap between the haves and have-nots. The struggle in Pakistan over the past more than six decades had been to transform the country from a security to welfare and development oriented state. Unfortunately, however, for half of its existence the country had been under the rule of the military elite which had promised much but delivered little. There is this erroneous thinking among the top echelons of the military including its retired elite that the democratic system does not suite our people. Therefore, the country needs governance model in which the primary focus is on stability and security instead of welfare and development.Last but not least, our national leadership and central civilian governance system must put before the people its vision to transform the current security state into a welfare state. This vision must be underpinned by the UNDP Human Development Report 2014. Put mildly, Pakistan’s position in this report is embarrassingly low. This report should serve as a benchmark for the vision to turn Pakistan into a welfare state. It must be widely communicated and published and changed in the light of feedback received from the general public to set the agenda for transforming Pakistan. This agenda cannot be secretive nor can it be shared only with a select group drawn from people known to the ruling elite. This task isn’t going to be easy but now is the time to take the first step. Bibliography:Clayton, Richard. “Welfare State Retrenchment Revisited: Entitlement Cuts, Public Sector Restructuring, and Inegalitarian Trends in Advanced Capitalist Societies.” World Politics, 51 no.1 (October 1998): 67-98. Accesed April 11, 2015,, V. and R. Amjad, 1984. The management of Pakistan’s economy, 1947–82: Karachi, Pakistan: Oxford University Press.Ansari, J.A., 2001. Macro economic management: An alternative perspective. In fifty years of Pakistan’s economy, ed. Shahrukh Rafi Khan, Oxford.Anwar, T., 2006. Trends in absolute poverty and governance in Pakistan: 1998-99 and 2004-05. The Pakistan Development Review, 45(4): 777–793.Burki, S.J., 2007. Changing perceptions, altered reality, Pakistan’s economy under Musharraf, 1999-2006. Karachi: Oxford University.Cohen, P.S., 2006. The idea of Pakistan. Lahore: Vanguard BooksADB, 2002. Poverty in Pakistan: Issues, causes and institutional responses. Asian Development Bank. Asian Development Bank Pakistan Resident Mission OPF Building, Shahrah-e-Jamhuriyat G-5/2, Islamabad.


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