Picture cause of their obesity. The first genetic


Picture this, you’re out at a local restaurant
scoping out the tables. You are about to sit in the one of the booths to enjoy
a nice dinner with your family. When you look up and see a rather large person and
their spouse sit in the last booth. You think to yourself “why did these people
take our seat, it doesn’t seem like they need to eat any more than they have.”
This is exactly what is wrong with the image of obesity in America.

Society and the media have put this image on
our heads that obese people sit in restaurants all day long to fill their faces
with food and are just flat out lazy. As a result, this picture of obese people
is not correct, we are more involved in obesity than we think. There are
hundreds of reasons why a person is obese, thanks to society and the media we
think only of one reason. In fact, some of the most common causes of obesity
are diseases. There are many syndromes that can cause obesity, but the most
common are hypothyroidism, Cushing’s disease, Prader-Willi syndrome and
polycystic ovary syndrome. Society often judges obese people, they do not stop
to think that a disease can be the cause of their obesity.

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The first genetic disorder that is involved in
causing obesity is called hypothyroidism. This disease is quite common because
it affects over forty percent of Americans. To explain how this disease causes
obesity, I will first explain what the syndrome is. Hypothyroidism affects a
gland in the neck called a thyroid. The gland is responsible for many
functions, but the most important function is to control the metabolism. When
these glands are damaged, many things can happen, such as inflammation of the
gland which can cause hypothyroidism. Hypothyroidism is a medical condition in
which the thyroid gland does not produce enough thyroid hormones. When this
happens, it affects your metabolism by slowing down the process and when your
metabolism is slow, you are likely to gain weight.

The next condition that contributes to obesity
is Cushing’s disease. While this disease may not be as common as
hypothyroidism, it still affects fifteen million people each year. Cushing’s
disease is a condition in which the body is exposed to a large amount of
cortisol. There are two ways this syndrome can be caused. The first way is that
the body itself produces too much cortisol. The second way is when a person
takes a drug with corticosteroids. In both instances, too much cortisol causes
the body to change energy as fat. The disease causes weight gain in the upper
body, especially in the regions of the abdomen. There will be many fat deposits
on the cheeks, this makes the face a rough surface instead of smooth. There could
also be deposits forming in the back along the neck region. While Cushing’s
disease may be more common than the next illness, it certainly does not mean
that the impact it has on people is reduced.

 

The next disease is called Prader-Willi
syndrome. Prader-Willi is a genetic disease transmitted from father to son
through a father’s chromosome. The disorder is characterized by small
extremities and excessive obesity. Although it may not be as common as other
disorders, it still affects around thirty thousand people worldwide. Also, the
condition is not directed to a specific gender or race. This syndrome occurs
when something abnormal occurs on the fifteenth chromosome transmitted by the
father. During his lifetime massive obesity usually develops in the first year.
During the later stages of life, your metabolism also contributes to your
obesity. Your metabolism “drastically consumes fewer calories than normal,
which can lead to overeating, which in turn leads to increased weight gain.

Finally, the last syndrome that causes obesity
is polycystic ovary syndrome or commonly known as PCOS. Almost fifty percent of
women suffering from this disease are obese. Weight gain is the most common
symptom of PCOS. Biochemical signaling is one term that has been brought up
when examining PCOS. This is when certain cells have specific instructions on
what to do based off what other cells tell them to do. When a woman develops
polycystic ovary syndrome, she interrupts that delicate system, so the cells do
not send what they should. The result is that your systems get confused and
many things happen due to confusion, including weight gain. Another reason why
PCOS causes weight gain is that the condition affects insulin intake. In fact,
women who have PCOS develop a condition that causes insulin resistance. Insulin
resistance means that insulin cannot perform its work efficiently, requiring an
excessively high level of insulin to keep the blood sugar in the cells. Although
I have only mentioned four disorders that contribute to obesity, it is
important to consider that there are still many other conditions that have the
same impact on people.

There are several diseases that affect obesity
such as hypothyroidism, Cushing’s disease, Prader-Willi syndrome and polycystic
ovary syndrome. Forty percent of people have hypothyroidism, which is caused by
an overactive thyroid gland. Fifteen million have a disease called Cushing’s
disease, which occurs when the body is overexposed to cortisol. Prader-Willi
hits about thirty thousand. Fifty percent of women who have polycystic ovarian
syndrome are obese. This condition is caused by insulin resistance and
biochemical signaling. All these people affected by these disorders are obese
because of something they could not control, genetics, excessive intake and
laziness. The next time you see an obese person just know that there are many causes
and it could be different than the common thought.

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