Pablo current situation with the government, so he

Pablo Escobar is the greatest drug lord of all time because of his smuggling, trade, narco-terrorism that have lasting effects to not only Colombians but people worldwide 25 years after his death. Pablo Emilio Escobar was born in Rionegro, Colombia on December 1, 1949. He grew up in nearby Medellin, Colombia. He went to college for a short time at La Universidad Autonoma Latinoamericana in Medellin, but did not graduate. Escobar was most famous for his drug trade and narco terrorism. He was nicknamed the “King of Cocaine” or “El Patron”. His cartel supplied about 80% of the cocaine smuggled into the United States in the height of his career, making over 21.9 billion US dollars a year in personal profit. He was easily the wealthiest criminal of all time and one of the richest men in the world at the time. Escobar was not always a drug Lord, he started of his early criminal career shortly after he dropped out of college. He began by selling contraband cigarettes, fake lottery tickets, and was involved with motor vehicle theft. In the 1970’s he even participated in kidnappings and held hostages for ransom. It wasn’t until Escobar was approached by Mateo Moreno or “Cockroach” that he began to distribute cocaine. Cockroach was a Chilean chemist operating in cocaine labs in the Chilean countryside until he was caught by the Chilean Government. The Chilean Government sentenced him and his whole staff to death, but the firing squad missed Cockroach himself. He escaped by playing dead among his dead comrades. He realized his current situation with the government, so he moved his operation to Colombia. Upon moving his operation to Colombia, Cockroach needed a seasoned smuggler to oversee the sales of his product. He pitched the idea to Escobar, who accepted it under the circumstances that Moreno gets his cut of the profits as well as having total control over the jungle labs and production.Once Pablo began to distribute he needed smuggling routes into the U.S. and fast. By 1975, cocaine was well established in the U.S. and demand for the drug was rising fast. It was estimated by the 80’s that between 70 and 80 tons of cocaine were being shipped and smuggled into the U.S. from Colombia monthly. His drug network was growing and dealing a huge profit which also drew attention from his competitors: the Cali Cartel. While fighting his competitors, Escobar did his best to maintain a clean publice image. With his illegal drug money he gave to the poor, built homes, schools, and other charitable financial contributions. By Escobars doing of these heroic acts he was seen by the public as a Robin Hood and not nearly a villain. Maintaining the Robin Hood status and clean image was important to Escobar because he had aspirations to become president of Colombia one day. Being President would give him full immunity from any prior crimes. In 1982, he was elected as an alternate member of the Chamber of Representatives of Colombia as part of the Liberal Alternative movement. This job made him responsible for the construction of houses and football fields in Western Colombia, which gave him even more advances in public popularity. Though not giving him immunity, Escobar was pleased with his position until and mugshot that was taken some time before was unveiled hence exposing Escobar. After the mugshot was released  Escobar was embarrassed, left his political career behind him and focused on his drug trade and illegal smuggling. Initially Pablo began smuggling using small bush plane flying from Colombia to Panama then to the United States along his established smuggling routes. Later after his product had eventually boomed he purchased 15 large airplanes including a Learjet and 6 helicopters. These large amounts of money spent brought a lot of unwanted attention to Escobar and the Medellin Cartel. In the late 70’s Escobar was arrested and found in possession of almost 40 lbs of cocaine attempting to return to  Medellin from Ecuador. He originally bribed the officers and judges who were formulating a court case against him but failed, after many months of strenuous legal battles, Escobar orders the murder of the two arresting officers and and the case was later dropped. These murders started a trending pattern for how Escobar would deal with his conflictions, bribery or murder. After thousands of murders of police officers, judges, citizens, rival gangsters, and other effects of narco-terrorism, Pablo came to an agreement with the Colombian government and  Cesar Gaviria that he would serve a prison sentence and the bombings and terrorism would stop. The agreement was that he would serve in a jail he built for himself with guards he hired called ” La Catedral”. La Catedral was more like a mansion than a prison, it had a bar, jacuzzi and waterfall along with a soccer field. The move was very controversial because the cocaine just kept being distributed and Escobar was doing it from behind bars in a safe haven. Accounts of Escobar’s criminal activities while in jail surfaced in the media which faced the law enforcement to make him switch jails, but due to Escobar’s influence he heard about the plan in advance and made a escape. The rest of Pablo Escobar’s life was spent evading police. Following the escape, the U.S Joint Special Operations Command joined the Colombian Forces in the manhunt for Escobar. They trained and advised a special Colombian task force called Search Bloc which was created to locate and capture Escobar. Conflicts between Escobar and the government dragged on and the numbers of Escobar’s enemies grew, this came with the formulation of a vigilante group known as “Los Pepes” (People Persecuted by Pablo Escobar). The Los Pepes were funded by Pablo’s rivals the Cali Cartel and former associates. The Los Pepes ran a vicious and savage organization. They carried out more than 300 murders of Escobar’s associates including his lawyer and many relatives. Along with the associates much of the Medellin Cartel property was destroyed.16 months after his escape from La Catedral, Pablo Escobar died in a shootout on December 2, 1993 the day after his 44th birthday, amid another attempt to escape the Search Bloc. He was traced by a electronic surveillance team using radio trilateration technology to track his radio telephone. Transmissions found him in Los Olivos in Medellin. Amid a shootout, Pablo and his bodyguard Alvaro Agudelo or “Limon” made a run for a back street across connecting rooftops. The two were both shot down on the rooftop, Escobar suffered a fatal gunshot wound through the earSoon after Escobar’s death and the subsequent fragmentation of the Medellín Cartel, the cocaine market became dominated by the rival Cali Cartel until the mid-1990s when its leaders were either killed or captured by the Colombian government. The Robin Hood image that Escobar had cultivated maintained a lasting influence in Medellín. Many there, especially many of the city’s poor whom Escobar had aided while he was alive, mourned his death, and over 25,000 people attended his funeral. Some of them consider him a saint and pray to him for receiving divine help.


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