Boston Massacre- on March 5, 1770, five years before the American Revolution,there was a dispute between British troops and a group of citizens of Boston. British troops were quartered in the city to discourage ideas against the Townshend Acts, that imposed duties on imports to the colonies. Citizens would always harass the troops, and during a demonstration, a squad of British soldiers were hit by missiles thrown by the colonists. The soldiers fired into the crowd and killed five men, one was Crispus Attucks, who was leading the group. The eight soldiers were tried for murder and were defended by John Adams, and Josiah Quincy. the two soldiers were declared guilty of manslaughter, and were branded on the thumb; the others, including the officer, were acquitted. The incident was skillfully exploited by the American patriot Samuel Adams to create anti-British sentiment in the colonies.
“Boston Massacre,” Microsoft Encarta Encyclopedia 2000. 1993-1999 Microsoft Corporation. All rights reserved.