Nigeria Capital Territory (FCT). As such, FCDA awarded


Nigeria is a
country located in West Africa with a coast on the Gulf of Guinea and the Atlantic Ocean. It is the most populous country
in Africa and seventh most populous country in the world. Growth and
development in Nigerian urban areas have been generally unplanned and chaotic. The
failure of the government to provide
basic infrastructure, to plan for future growth and expansion, to implement
development plans strictly, and to enforce development control has resulted in
gross degradation of the environment (Adeponle, 2013). There has been a steady influx of rural migrants to the urban areas, thus
leading to an increase in urban population. An example is Lagos, the former
federal capital since 1914, expanded beyond its natural boundaries, suffered several
drawbacks that made its continued existence as Nigeria’s capital untenable due
to the population pressure as well as the associated menaces that accompany it.
Lagos was bemoaned of terrible traffic congestion, poor drainage, chronic congestion,
unbearable ethnic influence and dominion over land matters (Daramola & Aina, 2005).  

Hence, a law was passed by the Federal Government of Nigeria to
establish the Federal Capital Territory on 3 February 1976, and an
agency Federal Capital Development Authority (FCDA), was established to plan
and develop the city and the entire Federal Capital Territory (FCT). As such,
FCDA awarded the Abuja Master Plan in 1976, completed and submitted on 15
February 1979 by
an International Consortium of Planners, Urban Designers, and Architects based in Virginia, USA –
International Planning Associates (IPA). Actual development started in the
early 1980’s, the relocation of the seat of the Federal Government from Lagos
to Abuja was effected in 1991. With the relocation of the seat, development
activities within the Federal Capital City increased, it became a huge planning
laboratory where Planners, Architects, Engineers and almost all the land-related professionals got involved in the
development of a modern city (Jibril, 2015). The area covers a total land mass of
about 8,000 square kilometers (Fig 1) out of which the city itself occupies about
250sq km (Abuja master plan, 1979).

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