Name: Chase, Citi Bank, General Electrical Company, United


 

Name: Leiyi Pan

 

Part I: Short Answer (3 questions at 20 points = 60
total points)

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Answers
should be roughly 2-3 paragraphs each.

 

 

1.How
was American reborn during the period 1877-1920? How did American life change?
What were some of the most significant events and policies? Who lead this
rebirth? Who benefited and who didn’t?

There
are two historical events took place in America during 1877-1920. One is Gilded
Age and another one is the Progressive era.

 

The Gilded Age took place in
America from 1870s to 1900s. The industrialization boomed in America during
that time. Later, people like Mark Twain started to criticize some problem of
the Gilded Age. So the Progressive era was the age people tried to solve the
problem of the Gilded Age. Let’s talk about the Gilded Age first. The Gilded
Age was a golden era in American history. It’s like everyone could run a very
successful business during that time. Millions of immigrants came to the United
States from Europe to get chance of better life. Meanwhile, a lot of heavy industries, like railways, factories,
and mining developed rapidly. This era also gave birth to the first batch of big monopolies with
international influence and competitiveness in American history like Ford Auto
Company, JP Morgan Chase, Citi Bank, General Electrical Company, United States
Steel Cooperation and so on. A lot of capitalists’ benefits from this era.

However, Gilded Age was a dark period for blacks. Black people in the south area
of the United States of America are deprived of political rights and the right
to vote.

the Progressive era was the age
people tried to solve the problem of the Gilded Age. The political
corruption has been solved to a certain extent in America during the
progressive era. A lot of political change took place during the Progressive
Era for example, the imposition of an income tax in the sixteenth amendment,
direct election of senators of the seventeenth amendment and the election right
of women in nineteenth amendment. A lot of events happened during the
Progressive era like Prohibition of alcohol, reformation of education and reformation of voting.

 

 

2.

Between 1920 and 1970 the U.S. saw multiple reform movements. What were these
movements seeking to reform? How did they approach these issues? Were they
successful? Why or why not?

 

The
United States of America experienced Economic collapse during 1929-1933.

To solve this problem, Roosevelt put forward a series of reforms
called Roosevelt’s New Deal. Banking reform is one of the Roosevelts’ New Deal.

A lot of customers withdraw their deposit in bank caused bank runs. Roosevelt
sent to Congress the Emergency Banking act by providing a comprehensive system
for reopening sound banks under Treasury supervision. “About 5,000
banks-one third of the nation’s total-had failed between 1929-1922. Representing
a loss of tens of millions of dollars to depositors. In 1936, not a single bank
failed in United States.” (p824)

Monetary
reform is another reformation under Roosevelts’ New Deal. Dollar was
convertible to gold under the gold standard. The dollar can float freely on
foreign exchange market. The price of gold from $20.67
per troy ounce was adjusted to $35 per troy ounce in 1934. The

 

3.During
this course I have tried to connect how Indiana and Purdue experienced
different historical moments. Relying on my lectures and the posted
supplemental readings, discuss how local and university history have reflected
larger national trends. What other historical themes or ideas from the class do
you see reflected in Purdue and Indiana that I did not discuss (i.e. what other
connections have you made between the state or university’s and national
history)?

 

One of the famous and
respectful alumni of Purdue University is Neil Alden
Armstrong. His personal experience can reflect the Cold War in American History.

 The cold War happened after the World War II.

The United Stated and the Soviet Union ignited the Cold War. The United State
is the capitalism which means everything is privately owned and run for profit,
and the Soviet Union is the Communism that everyone owns a means to create
commonwealth all based around a central ideology.

We can look at reserve his sculpture
is Armstrong hall. When
serving in NASA, Armstrong became the first astronaut to set foot on the moon
in July 21, 1969. He is the first human member to leave footprints on the
earth’s extraterrestrial body as well. Armstrong could be sent to moon is
because the strategy of the Cold War between Unites States and The Soviet Union
for get ahead in space strategy.

 

Part II: Reflective Essay (1 essay worth 40 points)

Answers
should be 2-3 pages double-spaced.

Reflect
on history in your lifetime. How would you describe the changes in American
life during the last 15 years? What are some of the most important people,
events, and developments? How does it to compare to the periods of history you
have learned about in this course?  What do you think historians in the
future will say about this era.

 

 

I didn’t have an American life experience before I came to
Purdue University as an international student, so I will talk about the news and
changes I heard from United States of America when I was in China and the
changes I felt after I came to America.

One of
the biggest news I heard about America when I was a little kid was the September 11
attacks. This horrible events absorbed the attentions all over the
world. The One World Trade Center and second World Trade center were crashed by
the airliner hijacked by terrorists. A lot of Chinese news media reported this
news, and I can see the title of the September 11 attacks on a lot of
newspaper. After the incident, Bush made a speech about evicting the terrorists
out of the United Sates. After the September 11 attacks the United States put
the more focus on the antiterrorism. The American government took 14 years to arrest
Bin Laden and shoot him on the spot.  Although Bin Laden was dead, the power of
Qaeda still exists. United States of America still face the threat of the
terrorism.

Another change of America that I felt was from
pop culture. The Kardashian family changed people’s view of beauty concept of
women. The social media always portrayed beautiful women to be painful thin and
high. However, this is not true for most women in America. Kim Kardashian does
not have a super slim body shape and she does not have height as supermodel,
but she makes loads of women want to become her.  “Kim’s contribution to
beauty and fashion is the fact that you don’t have to be super slim and very
tall to be beautiful,” said Lagerfeld, according to Page Six. (Harper) She
makes lots of women who have curved body and relatively short height are
beautiful as well. The fashion trend and beauty concept made by Kim Kardashian is
still trendy in America. The change and influence made by this astonishing
family keeps continue permeating in America.

After I came to Purdue I paid
attention on the election of the election of the President in 2016. This
election is more democratic in the United States. We can see on the
advertisement, television and social media that everyone who own the right to
vote are encouraged to vote. The election competition was very furious. We can tell
that there was a strong link between the public and the political elections. It
can be seen that the entertainment star is on the side of Hilary Clinton. After
Trump was president, it was more difficult for international students to find a
job in the United States. The tax reform of Trump In December 2, 2017, the
United States Senate passed the tax reform bill with 51 votes to 49, which
again attracted global attention. he tax reform program covers all businesses
and individuals in the United States, with a tax cut of up to $4 trillion. It
is the largest tax reform since the Reagan era. The tax reform by Donald Trump is
positive to narrow the gap between the rich and the poor in the United States
and Encourage American enterprises to return overseas profits.

 

 

Refernce:

·Harper’s
Bazaar Staff, Nov.5 2015 Karl Lagerfeld Talks Kim
Kardashian’s Influence on Fashion link: http://www.harpersbazaar.com/fashion/designers/news/a12882/karl-lagerfeld-kim-kardashian-influence/

Foner Eric, Give me Liberty! An
American History! Volume 2: 1865 Fifth edition (p824)

 

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