Mr. Ridzwan B M is a 34years old,


Mr. Ridzwan
B M is a 34years old, Singaporean, Malay male Muslim. He is married for 3 years
with no children. He is currently staying in a four room HDB flat with his
wife, parents and his younger brother. His highest education level is higher
NITEC in engineering and currently working as a call operator for five years. Previously
he worked as a technician but due to his high number of medical leaves taken
due to his condition, he was asked to resign by his company. Mr. Ridzwan was
diagnosed with type two diabetes four years ago. He used to play sports such as
soccer before being diagnosed. Mr. Ridzwan have always enjoys eating and highly
prefers sweet drinks rather than mineral water. His reason for this admission
is due to uncontrolled diabetes related to uncontrolled diet.

 

After Mr.
Ridzwan was diagnosed with diabetes, he stopped being physically active because
he is worried that if he sustains any injuries, his injuries will heal slower
and cause further complications. Ever since he is not physically active, he
will meet his friends after their sports just for dinner. He enjoys most is
during festive season like Hari Raya where he will have wider varieties of food
and drinks with high sugar contents. After his wedding, his wife had tried to
encourage him to control his diet and sweet drinks but his family would still
continue to cook varieties of dishes but with minimal vegetable dishes. After a
period of time, his wife gave up and even would sarcastically encourage him to
consume more sweet drinks. He would ignore the sarcastic remarks and continue with
his drinks and unhealthy foods. during his working hours, he always either his
carbonated bottle drink by his side or he would have a cup of coffee on his
desk which is continuously filled up. On his off days, he would rest at home,
go out to eat with his family or friends. Nevertheless, he always buys a bottle
of sweet drinks every time he passes by a provenience shop.

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Based on
the National Health Survey, Singaporean Malay are rank second while Singaporean
Indian were the highest and Chinese the least of Singaporeans diagnosed with
diabetes. Apart from ethnicity, the survey also shows that men have higher
chances than women to be diagnosed. An article by Jalelah A B, 20th
August 2017, National Day Rally, Channel News Asia,quoted a speech by Prime
Minister Lee Hsein Loong in his Malay speech during his National Day Rally 2017, PM Lee said
alarmingly, 17 per cent of Malays in Singapore have diabetes – and one reason
for this is obesity, which is more prevalent among Malays. Yang, C (26th
September 2016) Six-month campaign to battle diabetes, Singapore Straits Time, about
one in nine adults between age 18 to 69 has diabetes and it is one of the
diseases which has a disproportionate number of Malay suffers. These articles
showed the ethnicity of Mr. Ridzwan posed a higher chance of being diagnosed
with diabetes. Although the Singapore Indians and Chinese ethnic group are also
at risk of diabetes, the statistic between the Indians and Malays are not too
far apart.

 

As we can see, Mr.
Ridzwan social background have little awareness and education on diabetes. His family,
spouse and friends have no medical background and no medical history of
diabetes. Thus, this affected him to have minimal knowledge and advices. He could
only depend on media to gain his awareness and control on diabetes. Khalik S,
April 14th 2016, MOH to wage war on diabetes, Singapore Straits
Time, over 400,000 diabetics in Singapore, one third are not aware they have
the disease. Among those who are aware, another one third has poor control over
their glucose levels. Although education on diabetes can help Mr. Ridzwan to
know more on how to control his diabetes, his family also need to be aware and
give each other the support to control his diabetes and prevent other family
members from being diagnosed with diabetes or any other chronic diseases.  Education can be gain through social media,
newspaper, health awareness roadshows, health screening and also through each
other sharing experience.

 

In conclusion, although
Mr. Ridzwan is already diagnosed with diabetes, he should share his knowledge
on diabetes with his family, wife and friends so that they will be aware and
control their diet. His mother and wife could also help to play their part to
help him by gaining more knowledge on nutritional facts and maintain a
healthier meal.  Ng W. C., 19th
July 2016, How to reduce risk of diabetes, Singapore Straits Time, reduce
carbohydrates and choose for wholegrains which is higher in fibre, vitamins,
minerals and phytochemicals. The glycemic index are to slow the spike of blood
glucose level and to minimise snacking as well as weight gain my keeping our
stomach full. Although healthy eating is important, Mr. Ridzwan can also
continue his physical activities but to a safe limitation such as cycling,
swimming, bowling or any sports that is not strenuous. As mention in the
article on How to reduce risk on diabetes, there is a positive relationship
between physical activity and type to diabetes prevention. Thus, it is also
advisable for Mr. Ridzwan to encourage his family and friends to be physically
active. This can build the relationship bond closer and also improves on
everyone health. It may seem that Mr. Ridzwan is too late to prevent being
diagnose, but this can help him to gain control of his health and also maintain
a healthy lifestyle with his family and friends.

 

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