Mental mental health differently than others. A better


Mental Health Stigma

Mental
health in the public eye as always had a stigma; society sees those who have a
mental disorder as dangerous and violent instead of fully understanding it.
Mental health is a very uncomfortable subject to people; it is a subject that
not many people what to talk about this issue. 
Since it is a topic that people are not open to talking about it, it
lacks understanding from family, friends, co-workers or others; while it can
also lead to discrimination at work, school, and social activities. A person who
is living with an untreated mental illness can lead to poor educational
achievement, lost productivity, unsuccessful relationships, significant
distress, violence,  abuse, unemployment,
homelessness, and poverty (Mooney page 34). 
Society tends to judge those with mental health problems, and this can
cause the person not to want to get help which could lead to their condition to
get worse. Consequences of mental health stigma can be life-threatening, by
depriving an individual of basic needs and depriving them of what they need to
become healthy is inhuman, this stigma can lead people to their death by
self-neglect or suicide.  Suicide is the
tenth leading cause of death in the United States and the third leading cause
of death among people ages fifteen and twenty-four. There are misconceptions
about the causes of mental health being that mental health is caused by a
person being weak, or the results of them engaging in the immoral behavior. A
majority of people experience some mental health illness in their lifetime; each
person experiences mental health differently than others. A better
understanding society can help save lives and help people to become more open
about mental health issues.

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Medication,
as evolved in recent years, with that evolvement mental health, is being
studied more than it has been in the past, they are finding out different
medication to help with mental illnesses. Studies are being conducted on
specific ranges of mental health so more information on mental health can be
used for the better understanding of mental disorders and the importance of
psychological health. With the expanding of this knowledge of this field, they
are finding and creating a medication that can help with specific mental
disorders, and can quickly diagnosis a mental disorder better. Medicine can
help and cure so many illnesses and diseases which is why doctors are more
often to medicate the patient as the only form of treatment. Nowadays psychiatry
has shifted much of its attention away from the use of psychotherapy and group
therapy and towards genetic explanations of mental disorders and drug-based
cures (John Curra, Page- 127).  It is
becoming easier to issue a medication to a patient than having them go through
therapy which could help in areas where a drug cannot. Often when a patient is
going through or have a mental disorder, they need extended help than just
medication. Therapy offers guidance that medicine cannot, therapy can be used
to help diagnose the illness and to talk to the patient and help them be more
of sound with themselves mentally. The institution of medicine is used
principally to control people. 
Medication is becoming more often as a treatment for a mental disorder
nowadays, and well medication can help in a lot of cases and help with a lot of
disorders it cannot be the only treatment that an individual goes through in
the process.  Insurance companies are
going to favor medicine instead of therapy due to the medication being a quick
treatment, and insurance companies would rather pay for medication instead of
talk-based therapy (Curra Page- 127).

The
most common patient-reported barriers are the stigma associated with taking
medication. To society, it is more accepted to take Advil or allergy medication
than it is for someone to take medication for a mental health condition.  Patients who had good insights and who also
did not perceive much stigmatization appeared to do best on use of various
outcome parameters while those who had poor insights were found to have
problems with service engagement and medication compliance (U.S National). This
is an excellent example of how the stigma of medication causes people not to
want to take their medication or get therapy treatment because they do not want
to appear as having something wrong with them. People who go to therapy or are
being medicated have a higher chance of becoming more confident and healthier
at mind. When a person is diagnosed with a disease that is outside mental
health, society is more concerned and more accepting tell the person that is
not in their control of their health. When a person is diagnosed with
depression; society is less accepting, and more prone to telling the person
that it is all in their head, and telling them to ‘just me happy.’ The
Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM) is an important
script for classifying human attitudes, behaviors, and conditions (Curra
Page-133). Although this manual is not a coherent framework for understanding
and explaining mental disorders, it is but a cluster of signs and symptoms. The
DSM is similar to how knowledgeable people are when it comes to mental
disorders; people are aware of the signs and the symptoms but unaware of the
differences that people can experience with the same mental health diagnosis.
Each person experiences pain; differently, it is the same for mental health,
how one patient can experience symptoms and behaviors then another patient.
When aiding the patient with medication, doctors need to be aware that each
patient is going to react to the drug differently than the other patients (U.S National).

The
government proposed the 2018 budget, and within that budget, there will be 23%
reduction in the mental health services. The 2017 budget was $541.5 million and
will be decreased down to $415.5 million as of next year (Health Affairs). The
system is not only making cuts in the Mental Health Services Administration and
the National Institute of Mental Health, but it is going to put a cut on The
Substance Abuse Administrations. When there are cuts to a budget in the health
care system it causes problems for many, not only does it mean getting help is
going to cost more and be harder to get, and will involve that researching is
not going to go into mental illness studies. For the medical field to research
and study anything they need a budget to go on for that research, and when the
government cuts a budget, the medical field cannot do their job of finding
cures and learning more about mental illnesses. Health care is so expensive, to
begin with, some people cannot afford to see their regular physician, let alone
be able to provide to see a psychiatrist or a therapist.  In today’s society there are more and more
people diagnosed with a mental illness and for the government to cut back on
sending’s on mental health, it is not doing their job of looking out for its
people. The more budget cuts in health care will lead for the health of the
people to decline, it is the government’s job to protect its people and
stripping them from health care is not protecting them nor is it acceptable.

It
is crucial that those who are on the front lines of working with people with
mental illness receive the education and support needed to help manage bias.
Programs need to be developed to help teach health care professional to
identify and manage their biases toward mental illness, so it does not interfere
with clinical care (U.S National). Training more people in the medical field in
mental health allows the possibility of integrating mental health screen in a
primary care setting. There should be more programs for the public so they can
get educated on mental illness and gain a better understanding of them.  This goes back to the budget if the
government and the federal state do not have the funding for proper training,
programs it can lead to poor healthcare professionals. According to PMC many
patients who seek help for mental health issues report feeling “patronized,
punished or humiliated” in their dealings with health professionals (PMC).
Trained and understanding healthcare professionals should help the patient out
and make sure they are comfortable in their care, not to make the patient feel
worse. Lack of training can play a vast contribution to physicians being
unaware of how their language and actions can be harmful to patients with
mental illness. The stigma can be shown to anyone including those who put their
life’s work into helping with mental illness, and when physicians participate
in anti-stigma programs, they are increasing a strong overall evidence of
positive change. Sometimes the most dramatic changes come from a health care
provider taking the time to talk to an individual and reassuring them that they
are important and that their life has meaning(MGMH). There also needs to be more
support groups for individuals to attend, to help them know that they are not
alone in the world. Support groups not only allow a person to interact with
others that are experiencing a similar situation, but it also allows people to
hear stories and experiences, it also helps with people becoming more open
about mental health.

This
stigma that is placed upon mental health is universal it causes discrimination
and isolates people.  It can increase the
duration of untreated illness, which could lead a person into a much
unhealthier state.  This stigma needs to
be addressed for individuals because those with mental health especially feel
this type of stigma. Mental illness is an absolute public health priority with
the stigma of mental illness it is the most significant barrier to care. Mental
illness is not often seen in a person; it is not usually physically seen as
well. That is important to remember because it’s not easily seen on the outside
it doesn’t mean a person is not experiencing it. One in four people will
experience a mental health problem at some point in their lives, one in twelve
of the whole population are affected by depression. Research has shown that the
best way to challenge these stereotypes is through firsthand contact with
people that experience mental health problems (Psychology Today). Several
different campaigns and programs spend their time trying to change the public
attitudes on mental health.  In 2010 the
Equality Act was put in place, this act makes it illegal to discriminate
directly or indirectly against people with mental health problems in the
workforce (Psychology Today). There are so many organizations that are doing so
much for mental health. The National Alliance on Mental Illness is an
organization that provides education, advocates and provides resources for
mental health. There are organizations that their sole purpose is to research
and studies mental health, for example, the Brain and Behavior Research
Foundation; they also award grants to those who dedicate their time to
researching mental health. Some organization offer support and help with
24-hour service that is available to anyone. The American Foundation for
Suicide Prevention is a 24-hour service that is here to help those who have
thoughts or are attempting to commit suicide; AFSP offers professional help and
support to prevent suicide. The Trevor Project also provides 24 hours service
for the LGBTQ+; they also are a suicide prevention organization, they offer
advice and support for those who are in the LGBTQ+ community. Listed above is
just a few of the organizations that are trying to make a change in the world
and to help others. As a society, we need to work on getting rid of the stigma
that is associated with mental health and be more accepting of mental health.

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