he argumentbeing that every child born should be wanted, and others who believethat every child conceived should be born (Sass vii). This has been acontroversial topic for years. Many people want to be able to decidethe destiny of others. Everyone in the United States is covered underthe United States constitution, and under the 14th Amendment womenhave been given the choice of abortion. In 1973, Harry A. Blackmunwrote the majority opinion that it’s a women’s right to have anabortion.
Roe v. Wade legalized abortion. Even though these peoplehave been given the right, the case is not closed. Pro-life activistscarry a strong argument, and continue to push their beliefs. Theyfeel so strongly about these beliefs that violence has broken out insome known instances. Pro-choice activists, on the other hand, alsocarry very strong points. They believe that the child inside them istheir property and it’s life doesn’t be until birth.
In 1973, theUnited States Supreme Court decided that as long as the baby lived inthe womb, he or she would be the property of the mother. Because ofthis decision almost every third baby conceived in America is killedby abortion, over one and a half million babies a year (Willke vii).Many countries have followed our decision on the abortion issue andsome of these include Canada, England, and France. Other countriesstill believe abortion should be illegal, they include Germany,Ireland, and New Zealand. Although many believe that abortion is awomen’s choice, abortion should be banned because its immoral and lifebegins at conception.Abortion is the choice of a women whether or not she want’s toreceive one. Under the 14th Amendment’s “personal liberty” women aregiven the right to receive an abortion.
The 14th Amendment’s conceptof “personal liberty” and restrictions on state action is enough toallow a women’s decision whether or not to terminate her pregnancy.The right to choose to have an abortion is so personal and essentialto women’s lives that without this right women cannot exercise otherfundamental rights and liberties guaranteed by the Constitution(Paltrow 72). The state can’t interfere in the private lives of acitizen. Without the right to choose an abortion the 14th Amendment’sguarantee of liberty has little meaning for women. With the right tochoose abortion, women are able to enjoy, like men, the rights tofully use the powers of their minds and bodies (Paltrow 73). A mancan withdraw from a relationship as soon as he finds out about apregnancy. There is no question of his involve t after that, he hasmade his choice.
It is only fair to say that women should be given thesame choice. If one doesn’t want to hold the responsibilities of achild than she should be able to have the choice of abortion in heroptions. ” Because contraceptives fail, and because they are notalways available or possible to use, abortion is necessary if peopleare to be able to determine whether and when to “bear or beget achild”(Paltrow 72). Couples choose the alternative of abortion so theycan start or expand their families when they feel most ready and ableto care for them. Women choose to have an abortion because pregnancyand childbirth can prevent them from keeping their jobs, from feedingtheir families, and from serving others in ways they considernecessary and appropriate. Pregnancy and child birth may determinewhether a women ever gets to start or complete her education, whichwill significantly influence her ability to support herself and herfamily. The availability of abortion makes it possible for people notonly to choose the number of children they want, but also to createthe kind of family life they have always wanted for themselves, tomeet their responsibilities.
If a women cannot choose to terminate anunwanted pregnancy, she is denied the right to the “possession andcontrol” of her own body. One of the most sacred rights of commonlaw is to choose and if a women can’t do this than their mostimportant possession is taken away. Abortion isn’t only a women’sright, it’s a women’s choice.However, allowing abortion to be legal is immoral.
A pre-bornchild is given the status of a “product of pregnancy” and never seenas the miracle only a women can create. Compassion for the small oneis drowned out under a demand for “rights”, but what about the rightsfor the unborn. “A women has a right to her own body” is an idea moreand more women are realizing, but that idea ignores the unborn child’sright to his or her body. Never, in modern times, has the stategranted to one citizen the right to have another killed in order tosolve their personal, social, or economic problems.
the embryo is itsown being that should have it’s own rights to protect it. The zygoteis a unique genetic being (Zindler 27). If one was to abort an embryothan that embryo, that human life would never be duplicated. Ascientist that may have found the cure to A.I.D.S. would be killed.
There is a better way to solve our problems than by killing children.A fertilized egg is the most beauti , most innocent being that wecould ever create, and can redeem even the worst of our mistakes. Thisfertilized egg is not just a mass of tissue, for if it were than therewould be no debate. A fetus feels pain. Ultra sound, fetoscopy, studyof the fetal EKG (electrocardiogram) and fetal EEG(electroencephalogram) have demonstrated the remarkable responsivenessof the human fetus to pain, touch and sound (willke 64). The fetusresponds to light, heat, cold, and taste.
Observations of the fetalmovements in saline abortions indicates that the fetus experiencesdiscomfort as it dies. One doctor who, the New York Times, wrote”conscientiously performs” saline abortions stated, “when he injectedthe saline, he often saw an increase in fetal movements” (Willke 64).In another case, a film using mew sonographic techniques, shows theoutline of the child in the womb thrashing to resist the suctiondevice before it tears off the head. Then you see the dead childdismembered child and the head crushed (Edwards 40).
This is murder.Nobody who sees this film will speak again of “painless” abortion.After the doctor who performed this procedure saw this film, he neverperformed another abortion again. But, many doctors still do performabortion, and in some instances a live child is killed.
“About once aday, somewhere in the United States, something goes wrong and anabortion results in a live baby” (Willke 76). Forty five out of sixhundred and seven mid trimester abortions done in Connecticut in1974-1976 resulted in live births (Willke 76). In these cases thechild was killed in cold blooded murder. It is immoral to kill,therefore abortion is immoral.
Finally, abortion should be banned because life begins atconception. The individual sex cell consists of 23 chromosomes. It isonly through combination, however, that the sex cells contain the fullcomplement of heredity units that defines a human being (Shettles 17).This procedure of combination defines conception. After the merger ofthe two sex cells 46 chromosomes are present. This is what makes ahuman being. The merger is complete within twelve hours, at which timethe egg is fertilized and becomes known technically as the “zygote”.
The inherited characteristics of a unique human being has beenestablished, and in no circumstances will it change (Shettles 17).Nothing from this time on, until death, will anything be added. Thedefinition of alive is that a being is growing, developing, maturing,and replacing its own dying cells.
It means not being dead. At thevery time conception begins the zygote is growing, developing,maturing, and replacing its own dying cel It’s alive. Thesingle-celled fertilized ovum cannot by any stretch of the imaginationbe considered part of a women’s body. This new living being has agenetic set up unlike anyone else’s, totally different from the cellsof the mother’s body. It makes no difference to assume that human lifeis more human post-born than pre-born.
What is critical to figure outis if it is or isn’t human life, and of coarse it is human life. At 18days the heart is pumping through a closed circulatory system, withblood whose type is different from that of the mother. At 40 days thebrain begins to function.
In the 16th week motion has been detected.At 6 and 1/2 weeks all twenty milk-teeth buds are present. During theeighth week the baby’s stomach secretes gastric juice, and all it’sbody system is present. The baby dreams, thinks, and feels pain. Thisis definitely a child, and no one on the face of this earth would behere if they weren’t conceived.
In summary, abortion can be justified by a women’s right tochoose, but it should be banned because it’s immoral and life beginsat conception. Women have been given the right to have an abortionunder the United States Constitution, but this right is still beingprotested by the people that fight for the unborn’s rights. Pro-lifeactivists claim that its immoral because it is simply defined asmurder.
Life begins at conception is another strong point brought upby pro-life activists. Before a child is born it is given all it’snecessities to survive. Notice the operative word is before. Beforebirth the childs heart beats, the gastric juices flow in the stomach,and all its necessary organs have been made present. This is a childthat thinks, dreams, and feels pain. Yes, some women may look athaving an abortion to solve her personal problems, but in all, womenare abandoning the abortion because it weakens their great strengths:creation, compassion and the ability to loo eneath the surface ofappearance of things. Maybe soon the abortion issue will reverse, andpeople will see the rights of the unborn as greater importance thanthat of a personal right.