IntroductionCrime is perceived as a socialissue in our society that affects the lives of thousands of people every year.By tradition, the community has relied upon the judicial system and the policeto dissuade the criminals and thus, punishing the accused. Now, CrimePrevention through Environmental Design CPTED is a concept thataffirms that the homeowners, architect, community, planners and securityprofessionals can play a significant role in safeguarding themselves as well asthe community from crimes by incorporating CPTED principles into the managementof physical environment (Crawford & Evans, 2017).CrimePrevention through Environmental Design CPTEDThe concept of CPTED is relatively newand has become a significant strategy to prevent crime that is used by lawenforcement agencies, architects, security professional, planners and thecitizens. The underlying principle of this concept is that a proper andeffective use of the built environment can reduce the occurrence of crime andimprove quality of life. The concept of CPTED purports to reduce crimeopportunities that may be inbuilt in the design or structures of theneighborhoods (Cozens, 2016). In order toimplement the CPTED designs, it is important to understand the purpose of thespace and how appropriately does the physical design realize the goals of CPTED.
The strategies of CPTED acts as guidelines that encourage the designprofessionals to resolve the urban security related problems issues. Strategiesof CPTEDThe strategies and principles of CPTEDaims at providing solutions that are not only visually pleasant but are also ofhigh quality that ensures enhancement in the effective and appropriate use ofspace. The following are the strategies of CPTED that aims at deterring in theurban communities: 1) NaturalSurveillance- this is a design concept that aims at keeping theburglars and intruders under observation. This form of CPTED design or strategyaccelerated the perspicuity of the building or property. The proper position oflighting, windows enables the inmates as well as the observers who is concernedabout keeping a watch over the intruders, and report any inappropriate conductto the property owner or police. The advantage of this design is that it makesthe behavior of the offender perceptible to any passerby or police control. Inregards to visual connection established by such strategy, activity rooms suchas kitchen, sidewalks and alleys provide apparent view of common areas such asparking or streets (Vera & Fabian, 2016).
2) NaturalAccess Control- this approach refers to the use of elements likefences, gates, shrubs and doors, which denies access to the crime target andalerts the offenders that it is precarious to choose target. The primaryobjective of this form of this strategy is to prevent the offender to commitcrime against the target and create a discernment of risk to such criminals.Alarms, locks and bars are some other essential elements that act as mechanicaland physical means of access control measures. 3) Territorialmaintenance- this CPTED approach refers to designelements such as porches, landscaping and sidewalks that helps to differentiatebetween private and public areas. It further states that the users displaysigns like ‘ownership’ that sends messages to the offenders who aim at committingcrime against people (Cozens & Melenhorst, 2014).Thus, the concept of territorial reinforcement signifies that physical designmay create a perception for the offenders about territorial influence.
Forinstance, landscape, low walls often define space that belongs to the residentsof the unit. 4) Maintenance-maintenance and care permits persistent use of a space for which it has beenbuilt. The deterioration of such places signifies that the users of such siteor places are least concerned about the disorder. An appropriate way ofmaintaining safeguards public health, welfare and safety in all the structureswhether it is residential, non-residential and other prevailing premises (Sohn, 2016). This is possible by establishingstandards and requirements that are acceptable. The inmates or the owners arehighly responsible to ensure care and effective maintenance. 5) Lighting- good lighting is one of themost effective strategies used to prevent crimes for occurring in thecommunity.
An appropriate way of using this strategy discourages criminalactivity and increases natural supervision opportunities resulting in lessfear. A constant level of lighting enables good visibility at night (Joyce & Armitage, 2016). Conclusion CPTED concept can be beneficial forthe urban community planners, as it would enable them to take into accountcrime risks in their design process to ensure safer residential and businessareas.
It further enables to develop innovative solutions that prevent theurban communities from being subjected to crimes. Reference ListCozens, P. (2016). Think crime! Using evidence, theory and crime prevention throughenvironmental design (CPTED) for planning safer cities (pp. 1-211).Praxis education.
Cozens, P., & Melenhorst, P. (2014). Exploringcommunity perceptions of crime and crime prevention through environmentaldesign (CPTED) in Botswana. In Proceedingsof The British Criminology Conference, Edge Hill University, Lancashire (pp.65-83).Crawford, A.
, & Evans, K. (2017). Crime prevention and community safety (pp.797-824). Oxford University Press.Joyce, C.
, & Armitage, R. (2016). Crime Preventionthrough Environmental Design (CPTED) and retail crime: Exploring OffenderPerspectives on Risk and Protective factors in the Design and Layout of RetailEnvironments.
Sohn, D. W. (2016). Residential crimes andneighbourhood built environment: Assessing the effectiveness of crimeprevention through environmental design (CPTED).
Cities, 52,86-93.Vera, Y., & Fabian, N. (2016).
Crime prevention throughenvironmental design.