INTRODUCTION Obesity is a medicalcondition in which excess body fat is accumulated to the extent that it may have anegative effect on health. It is a major health challenge due to its highprevalence and associated increase in obesity and other health issues in urbancities. Obesity in India has reached epidemic proportions in the 21stcentury, with morbid obesity affecting 5% of the country’s population. Mobilephones and technology has played an important role in the highly increasingrate of obesity in teenagers. Excessive usage of mobile phones amongteenagers especially in metro cities like Delhi has reduced the time ofphysical activities.
Owing to sedentary lifestyle, a great number of teenagersin Delhi are obese, a condition which majorly impacts their emotional wellness,confidence and self-esteem. There is a connection between cell phone usage andgeneral fitness because the probability of cell phone allows their use even ifsomeone is engaging in low moderate physical activity. Urban cities in Indiaare following a trend of other developed countries. People are generally consideredobese when their BMI (Body mass index) is over 30Kg/m2. Overweight children are much more likely to become overweight adultsunless they adopt and maintain healthier patterns of eating and exercise.
Children who are obese at the age of12-18 have more chances of becoming an obese adult.Mobile phones are integral part of our lives now. But every technology that provides such benefits comeswith a consequent price. Increased time spent in using mobile phones may lead to increasesnacking and mindless eatingThe impact of mobile phones on teenagersis astronomical.
With the increase usage of mobile phones there is highlydecreasing rate of physical activities. It can lead to teen tendonitis, stress;lack of sleep, anxiety and one of the major problems these days obesity. Use ofmobile phones at midnight causes lack of sleep due to which gherin, the hormone that signals hunger,increases. Obesity can weaken physical health and well-being, resultingin a shortened life expectancy. It can also lead to social disabilities andunhappiness, which may cause stress and heighten risk of mental illness. LITERATURE REVIEWResearchfindings highlight that there has been rising obesity among children andadolescents in Delhi and that over 35% of them are obese (Indian Express,2017)While priorstudies have drawn conclusions as to how mobile phones can be used to build ahealthier lifestyle (University College Cork, University of Oxford, 2017) this study has taken a reverse approach and attempts to draws linksbetween the usage of mobile phones and the growing obesity in teens.
Recentstudies state that students who spent large amounts of time per day on theirmobile phones were less fit than students who averaged a bit more than 90minutes of use each day. Those students who qualified as frequent users spentas much as 14 hours per day on mobile phones (My Bariatric Life, 2017)Teens thatplay games on smartphones before going to bed may face an increased risk ofbecoming obese (Ians, 2017),Adolescentswho spent more than five hours a day on screen devices were twice as likely tohave a sugary drink every day and not get enough sleep (Harvard T.H. ChanSchool of Public Health, 2016), therefore tending to skip physical activityand as a result put on weight. It also leads to bad lifestyle that is theprimary cause of morbid obesity. (DNA India, 2013)Researchsuggests that usage of smartphones is highly correlated to obesity disorder.Supporting books looks into the impact of phones in our daily lives and how itaffects lives of adolescents (The Mobile Connection by Richard Ling, 2004) And how cell phones provide teens withindispensable links to the world around them and have become an obsession forsome and at the same time a danger for others (Cell phones and teens, 2014).
RATIONALEThis study is takenover due to highly increasing obesity rate among teenagers between the ages of14-19 in Delhi because of Smartphones.OBJECTIVES The purpose ofpresent study is to analyze the effects of mobile phones on the health ofteenagers specially obesity.· Relationship between obesity and mobile phones: This is to drawthe link between mobile phones and how it affects teenage obesity. · To gain overall understanding teenagers usingmobile phones: To estimate the extent to which mobile phones influences ateenage life. · To understand health effects of using mobilephones: To study other factors (having sugary drinks while streaming on the phone,physical constraint due to engrossment in playing games etc.) of mobile phonesthat lead towards obesity. · How many hours an average teenager uses mobilephones in a day: To understand the connection between the numbers of hours anaverage teenager uses a mobile phone and the increasing obesity issues.
RESEARCH QUESTIONS This project aimed to address some keyresearch questions: 1) What are the links between Smartphone and the factors whichhave led to obesity? 2) In which age gap is the maximum obesity found? 3) What are the other effects of excessive use of mobilephones on obese teenagers? HYPOTHESIS As per theresearch analysis the growth in usage of Smartphone in teens had led to theincreasing obesity and the rise is clearly visible among the teens aging from14-19. METHODS AND METHODOLOGYWe summarizedata on use of apps and their effect on human metabolism which leads to problemlike obesity for that we will do surveys regarding quantitative aspects ofusing Smartphone and also qualitative analysis of the data for that we have 1. Participants: This is a type ofqualitative research method. Participants will be recruited through a varietyof strategies and they will be between the ages of 14-19. Emerging evidencesuggests that late night texting can lead to extra pounds as well-particularlyamong the heaviest data consumers: teenagers. Henceforth, we will be receivinggeneral educational information about the sleep habits of teens, ways toimprove their sleep quality and quantity and if it had any effects on theirhealth.2.
Focus Group: This is a type ofqualitative research method. Within a focus group,a moderator poses a series of questions intended to gain insight about the waythe group views the brand, product and related images, slogans, concepts orsymbols. As a representative sample of consumers targeted by the company, afocus group can offer insights consistent with those shared by the broadertarget market. Focus group moderators should pose questions in a way that doesnot lead group members to provide desired responses, but rather honest andinsightful responses.3.
Process measures: Interviews with participants asthey completed the study to determine acceptability and statistical analysissatisfaction with the interventions, questions also focusing on timing, qualityand impact of the program. Interviews will be used in detailed schedule withopen and close questions. Here interview method is used for qualitativeanalysis. Few people will be interviewed so as to get the perception in themind of people for this problem. 4. Online survey: Online surveys will bedone for getting the data related to Smartphone usage by teenagers and theirinterest and lifestyle analysis will be done. Survey questions will be preparedfor this which may or may not be answered by the participants.
Descriptiveanalysis of the data will be done to find the inferences. Hence it is adescriptive research method. This is asmall-scale study and inevitably it has significant limitations. We do notclaim that our findings represent the full range of opinions, experiences andcommunication practices among the teenagers. These findings represent asystematic, even if limited, analysis of a range of experiences and opinionsamong teenagers in regards to their engagement with their locale and with eachother, their communication practices and their sense of belonging. LIMITATIONS1.
Sample size: A fixed geographical area will be considered,i.e., few parts of Delhi and only a fixed sample (100-150 people) will be takenfor future analysis. Basing our study in larger sample size could havegenerated more accurate results.
2. Lackof previous studies in the research area: The treatment ofobesity is of much less concern in India as compared to malnutrition andtherefore there was a lack of previous studies available. 3. Lackof transparency: A majority of the sample people takenare of the viewpoint that the data provided by them could be misused.
As aresult, they’re unwilling to reveal information regarding our research whichcould otherwise be very useful for our study. 4. Longitudinaleffects: The time available to investigate a research problemand to measure change or stability over time is pretty much constrained by thedue date of your assignment.