INTRODUCTION health challenge due to its high prevalence


 Obesity is a medical
condition in which excess body fat is accumulated to the extent that it may have a
negative effect on health. It is a major health challenge due to its high
prevalence and associated increase in obesity and other health issues in urban
cities. Obesity in India has reached epidemic proportions in the 21st
century, with morbid obesity affecting 5% of the country’s population. Mobile
phones and technology has played an important role in the highly increasing
rate of obesity in teenagers.

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 Excessive usage of mobile phones among
teenagers especially in metro cities like Delhi has reduced the time of
physical activities. Owing to sedentary lifestyle, a great number of teenagers
in Delhi are obese, a condition which majorly impacts their emotional wellness,
confidence and self-esteem. There is a connection between cell phone usage and
general fitness because the probability of cell phone allows their use even if
someone is engaging in low moderate physical activity. Urban cities in India
are following a trend of other developed countries. People are generally considered
obese when their BMI (Body mass index) is over 30Kg/m2. Overweight children are much more likely to become overweight adults
unless they adopt and maintain healthier patterns of eating and exercise. Children who are obese at the age of
12-18 have more chances of becoming an obese adult.

Mobile phones are integral part of our lives now. But every technology that provides such benefits comes
with a consequent price. Increased time spent in using mobile phones may lead to increase
snacking and mindless eating

The impact of mobile phones on teenagers
is astronomical. With the increase usage of mobile phones there is highly
decreasing rate of physical activities. It can lead to teen tendonitis, stress;
lack of sleep, anxiety and one of the major problems these days obesity. Use of
mobile phones at midnight causes lack of sleep due to which gherin, the hormone that signals hunger,
increases.  Obesity can weaken physical health and well-being, resulting
in a shortened life expectancy. It can also lead to social disabilities and
unhappiness, which may cause stress and heighten risk of mental illness.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   


findings highlight that there has been rising obesity among children and
adolescents in Delhi and that over 35% of them are obese (Indian Express,

While prior
studies have drawn conclusions as to how mobile phones can be used to build a
healthier lifestyle (University College Cork, University of Oxford, 2017)
 this study has taken a reverse approach and attempts to draws links
between the usage of mobile phones and the growing obesity in teens.

studies state that students who spent large amounts of time per day on their
mobile phones were less fit than students who averaged a bit more than 90
minutes of use each day. Those students who qualified as frequent users spent
as much as 14 hours per day on mobile phones (My Bariatric Life, 2017)

Teens that
play games on smartphones before going to bed may face an increased risk of
becoming obese (Ians, 2017),

who spent more than five hours a day on screen devices were twice as likely to
have a sugary drink every day and not get enough sleep (Harvard T.H. Chan
School of Public Health, 2016), therefore tending to skip physical activity
and as a result put on weight. It also leads to bad lifestyle that is the
primary cause of morbid obesity. (DNA India, 2013)

suggests that usage of smartphones is highly correlated to obesity disorder.
Supporting books looks into the impact of phones in our daily lives and how it
affects lives of adolescents (The Mobile Connection by Richard Ling, 2004)

 And how cell phones provide teens with
indispensable links to the world around them and have become an obsession for
some and at the same time a danger for others (Cell phones and teens, 2014).





This study is taken
over due to highly increasing obesity rate among teenagers between the ages of
14-19 in Delhi because of Smartphones.


 The purpose of
present study is to analyze the effects of mobile phones on the health of
teenagers specially obesity.

Relationship between obesity and mobile phones: This is to draw
the link between mobile phones and how it affects teenage obesity.


To gain overall understanding teenagers using
mobile phones: To estimate the extent to which mobile phones influences a
teenage life.


To understand health effects of using mobile
phones: To study other factors (having sugary drinks while streaming on the phone,
physical constraint due to engrossment in playing games etc.) of mobile phones
that lead towards obesity.


How many hours an average teenager uses mobile
phones in a day: To understand the connection between the numbers of hours an
average teenager uses a mobile phone and the increasing obesity issues.



 This project aimed to address some key
research questions:  


What are the links between Smartphone and the factors which
have led to obesity?


In which age gap is the maximum obesity found?


What are the other effects of excessive use of mobile
phones on obese teenagers?




As per the
research analysis the growth in usage of Smartphone in teens had led to the
increasing obesity and the rise is clearly visible among the teens aging from



We summarize
data on use of apps and their effect on human metabolism which leads to problem
like obesity for that we will do surveys regarding quantitative aspects of
using Smartphone and also qualitative analysis of the data for that we have

1. Participants: This is a type of
qualitative research method. Participants will be recruited through a variety
of strategies and they will be between the ages of 14-19. Emerging evidence
suggests that late night texting can lead to extra pounds as well-particularly
among the heaviest data consumers: teenagers. Henceforth, we will be receiving
general educational information about the sleep habits of teens, ways to
improve their sleep quality and quantity and if it had any effects on their

2. Focus Group: This is a type of
qualitative research method. Within a focus group,
a moderator poses a series of questions intended to gain insight about the way
the group views the brand, product and related images, slogans, concepts or
symbols. As a representative sample of consumers targeted by the company, a
focus group can offer insights consistent with those shared by the broader
target market. Focus group moderators should pose questions in a way that does
not lead group members to provide desired responses, but rather honest and
insightful responses.

3. Process measures: Interviews with participants as
they completed the study to determine acceptability and statistical analysis
satisfaction with the interventions, questions also focusing on timing, quality
and impact of the program. Interviews will be used in detailed schedule with
open and close questions. Here interview method is used for qualitative
analysis. Few people will be interviewed so as to get the perception in the
mind of people for this problem.



4. Online survey: Online surveys will be
done for getting the data related to Smartphone usage by teenagers and their
interest and lifestyle analysis will be done. Survey questions will be prepared
for this which may or may not be answered by the participants. Descriptive
analysis of the data will be done to find the inferences. Hence it is a
descriptive research method.


This is a
small-scale study and inevitably it has significant limitations. We do not
claim that our findings represent the full range of opinions, experiences and
communication practices among the teenagers. These findings represent a
systematic, even if limited, analysis of a range of experiences and opinions
among teenagers in regards to their engagement with their locale and with each
other, their communication practices and their sense of belonging.



Sample size: A fixed geographical area will be considered,
i.e., few parts of Delhi and only a fixed sample (100-150 people) will be taken
for future analysis. Basing our study in larger sample size could have
generated more accurate results.


of previous studies in the research area: The treatment of
obesity is of much less concern in India as compared to malnutrition and
therefore there was a lack of previous studies available.


of transparency: A majority of the sample people taken
are of the viewpoint that the data provided by them could be misused. As a
result, they’re unwilling to reveal information regarding our research which
could otherwise be very useful for our study.


effects: The time available to investigate a research problem
and to measure change or stability over time is pretty much constrained by the
due date of your assignment. 


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