Introduction: Mosquitoes are the mostviral issues that are found in urban, sub-urban and rural environment. Mosquitoesare the main carriers of dengue, malaria and several other diseases that causestremendous problems even also leads to death. The death rate is continued to behigher in each and every year due to many infections and diseases which arecaused by mosquitoes like dengue andmalaria. Nearly 700million people are getting mosquito borne illness each year resulting ingreater than one million of deaths. Controllingsuch diseases is extremely difficult in now a days because of the high rate ofreproduction and development of mosquitoes that are resistance to insecticidesand commercially available repellents.
Some of the ways to prevent the mosquito are cleaning the environmentand using insect repellent that totally wrecked the fatal defense ofmosquitoes. Although chemical that provides quick mortality, resistance ofmosquito against the use of insecticides.Commercially available mosquitos repellents are mainly consisting ofpyrethroids, DEET like synthetic compounds, which may leads to hyper excitation of nervous systems, long termuses result in corneal damage, liver damage, asthma and several other problems.A lot of researches are going on to improve efficiency of repellents anddecrease the effects on human health.
But the deadly and harmful effects ofmodern insect repellents used in houses have not yet drawn the attention ofmany scientists. The need for thedevelopment of the most effective mosquito repellent should be taken intoconsideration due to the many toxicity problems, together with improve the incidenceof mosquito resistance.In the modern civilization, we are forgetting allthe natural resources which are easily available for human purposes and one ofthat are the cattle dung.
Dung’s are placing a major role since time immemorialand it is considered as a third important services rendered by animals. Dung isutilized as a biofertilizer, cheap fuel, paper production and insect repellent.The later is to be focused very seriously in the modern era.
Elephant dung, a cheapest source which can be usedfor many purposes such as paper production, fuel source, biofertilizer andinsect repellents. The evidence for the preparation of mosquito repellent isnot yet drawn by any scientists. This is the why we came up to one decision toprepare elephant dung based herbal mosquito repellent whichis completely free from chemicals. Wehave prepared mosquito repellent some of the natural ingredients like flowersof Nerium oleander, tulasi (Ocimum tenuiflorum), neem leaves (Azadirachta indica), lemon grass oil, leaves of vitex negundo and natural loban with theelephant dung to enhance the efficiency of the mosquito repellent. Rawmaterials have been selected based on experience and practice by ourancestors.The formulation of these mosquitoes repellent is safe, eco-friendly,cheap, easy to use and has maximum efficiency against mosquitoes.
ObjectivesØ Todevelop the ecofriendly organic mosquito repellent by using Elephant dung andother natural materials.Ø Todetermine the efficiency of developed mosquito repellent.Ø Todistribute this ecofriendly organic mosquito repellent to the village people tocompletely obstruct the mosquitoes population in and around their areas.