In politics in in modern day America. During

this class, the “Big Idea” that I learned is that even though religion is
sometimes hidden in politics, there are many examples of when it influenced the
political process. For example, in India there was a power struggle between the
Muslim’s in India and the Hindus in India. With Hinduism being the major
religion of India, and after the decay the Congress Party, many citizen wanted to
put a political party in power that favored Hinduism. Hindus believe India is
their homeland and their holy land. The BJP (Bharatiya Janata Party) was
elected into power, which appealed to the Hindus. Only by assimilation could
non-Hindus be a part of India. This example shows how the politics of ruling a
country had a heavy aspect of religion.

example of religion being involved in politics in in modern day America. During
the election of 1976, Jimmy Carter announced that he was an evangelical born-again
Christian. During that time, many people did not know what this meant. During
his presidency, Jimmy Carter stated that Jesus is what guided him through his
everyday life. During his presidency, Jimmy Carter stated “We have the
responsibility to try and shape government so that it exemplifies the teachings
of God.” During the election, Carter caught the attention of many Christian’s,
which helped bring him into the presidency. It is prevalent that religion
played a major role in the election of Jimmy Carter, and continues today. Many
American’s like to cast their vote for the candidate that shares the same
beliefs as they do, and supports the views they support. Another example of
religion and its stand in U.S. politics is the ride of the Trump
Administration. Looking at the votes split up, Donald Trump gathered the
majority of votes from Protestant, Catholic, Mormon, and Other Christian groups
over his opponent Hilary Clinton who won more votes from Jewish groups and
other, smaller religious groups.

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example of religion in politics can be seen in the Israeli-Palestinian
conflict. Both groups believe the land of Jerusalem to be a holy land of their
religions. The partition of Palestine to create a Jewish state was a political
movement for the Jewish to create a state of their own. The Jewish people
wanted their own state that way they could create Jewish communities and be
together as a religion. This examples shows how the religious conflict between
the Israelis and Palestinians has a lot to do with their opposing religious
beliefs about the land, which is a political matter.

It was believed that
the need for religion and religious views would decline as science and
technology advance, by the rational view of Secularism. As it shows in India
and even the United States, religion is actual more involved in politics and
around the world than before. It is very hard to say nowadays that religion is
not involved in the political process

is seen to rise and fall in the country of Turkey with the rise of Atatürk and
his reforms. Before Atatürk, the country of Turkey was under the control of the
Ottoman Empire, which was an Islamic based state. The Ottoman Empire entered
World War I under the Central Powers. During that time, the defeat of the
Ottoman Empire was a crucial first step to the rise of Atatürk and a new
secular state.

is the major religion in Turkey with about 99.8% of the population identifying
as Muslim. During the reign of the Ottoman Empire the state was a very
traditional Islamic-based state. After the fall of the Ottoman Empire in World
War I, the state of Turkey was constructed. Mustafa Kemal, also known as
Atatürk, was a revolutionary, and an army officer of Turkey, rose to power with
the goal of setting up a modern, more westernized, secular Turkey. In effort to
reform Turkey, Atatürk set up reforms, known as Kemalism or Atatürkism, to
abolish the influence of Islam throughout the state. The traditional
headdresses such as the fez and turbans were outlawed in favor of western
style. The traditional headdress for women known as the hijab was banned in
public settings. Atatürk also officially changed the calendar from the Islamic
calendar to the Gregorian calendar. The Muslim call to prayer was outlawed in
Arabic and was rewritten using Turkish words, which was forced on the public.
Another change was that Friday was no longer considered to be a part of the
weekend, Saturday and Sunday would be the only days off from work, just like
the Western countries. These reforms

has been a secular country without an official religion since the amendment of
1924 which was put into place to remove religious influence from Turkey.
Religious groups in Turkey have recently began to challenge the Kemalist
ideology. In the early 2000’s, Islamic support groups began to challenge the
secular country when the Justice and Development Party won elections in 2002
and held a majority of seats in the electoral for about 13 years.

            Today, Turkey is a Parliamentary
Representative Democracy, which is the way most Western-style democracies are;
Turkey has a President, and a Prime minister. The current President is Recep
Tayyip Erdogan, who founded the Justice and Development Party. He focuses on
pleasing Islamist groups because he has an Islamic political background.

off of this, I believe there is a pattern of secularism rising and falling in
the state of Turkey. Before Atatürk, Turkey was solely Islamic under the rule
of the Ottoman Empire. During Atatürk, Turkey began to transform into a more
modernized, and secular country, inspired by the western countries like Europe.
Turkey today is still considered secular but paying more attention to the
Islamic faith. This bounce between being a country that does not have a
national religion and being believed to be completely Islamic will continue for
years to come.

is not often the first thing that one think about when discussing religion, but
the relationship between violence and religion is an increasing question due to
the increase in violent attacks from religious-based assemblies around the
world. Whether or not one’s faith promotes violence, it is the interpretation
of that faith that causes people to take actions in the name of religion. The
interpretation of one’s religion is what causes the way one behaves in the name
of their religion.

example of violence caused by the beliefs of religion is the attacks by the
Ilaga, which is an anti-Islamic, Catholic extremist group in the Philippines.
The group uses violence against Muslims. The attack that gets the majority of
the attention is the attack that was commenced in June 1971. The event is
called the Manili massacre. The Christian and Muslims were supposed to gather
in one of the local mosque to discuss a peace treaty between the two groups,
but members of the Ilaga dressed up as Philippine police officers and opened
fire in the mosque killing about 79 Muslims. The religious terrorist group is
against the Muslim faith because it does not stand for the same views as their
faith. The fact that the group commits such violent acts does not have to do
with the religion of Catholicism itself, but the interpretation of Catholicism,
and the protection of their faith.

example of religious violence is the event recently in France at a church in
Normandy. Two teenagers entered the church and attacked church-goers with
knives. One young man killed the Reverend when he refused to kneel before the
terrorist. The attackers entered into the church, video recorded themselves shouting
“Allahu Akbar,” and professing their allegiance to the Islamic State, also
known as ISIS. ISIS claims the two young men as a part of their militia, and
stated the attack to be based off of the anger that still brews due to the
Crusades in the eleventh century. The interpretation of the Muslim faith is the
reason behind the way they acted towards the Catholics in France. This event
does not speak for the entire Islamic faith. Not all Muslims believe in
conducting attacks on innocent people. This causes a separation between the
Muslims that are peaceful and the Muslims who believe in creating terror in the
name of Allah.

two situations show a clear relationship between religion and violence but that
is not the complete answer. In these examples, religion plays a major roles in
the violent actions taken against people who are a part of an opposing faith to
the one of the attackers. It is the interpretation of the religion that causes
people to act in a certain way.

is often thought of to be a guide to behave in a respectable way towards
others, but when violence arises, we have to question whether it is the actual
faith that promotes violent actions, or is it the way the follower’s portray
the faith. 

at Buddhism and Islam, they seem to be very different religions, but under
further examination, the two seem to be very similar in the topic of the
relationship between religion and politics.

the outside, Buddhism seems to be a religion that does not get involved in
politics. It is believed to be a very humble, and peaceful religion. Looking
more closely, one can see that it is more involved in politics than many may
think. In a place called Myanmar, also known as Burma, there is around 89 percent
Buddhist in the area, along with a small percentage of Muslims, called
Rohingya, in the area, many of which were descendants of immigrants from India
and China. With Buddhism being the main religion to spread out over the entire
area, the government set in place is more Buddha Nationalist. There were anti-Muslim
campaigns that aimed hateful spouts toward the Rohingya. The government that
was in control of Burma denied citizenship to any Muslims who could not prove
that their ancestors lived in Burma before the year 1823, when the British
occupied Burma. Those who could prove their settlement were given a neutralized
citizenship, which could be removed and held less rights than a full
citizenship would. For those who could not prove settlement were placed into
camps, awaiting to be deported from Burma. Many Muslims were evicted from their
homes, and attacked by the military. After an attack involving burning of homes
and murder in 1978, 200,000 Muslims fled to Bangladesh. There was a national
movement called the 969 Movement that used violence against the Muslims of
Burma, in the name of Buddhism. There was participation of “ethnic cleansing”
for the Muslims living in Burma, which was supported by the government and by
the citizens of Burma. Knowing this, saying Buddhism is a religion of
humbleness and peace is not completely correct, as this is only one aspect of
the religion, this proves that there is not much different with Buddhism
compared to other religions that participate in violence.

is believe to be a religion that gives guidance to a way of everyday life. It
is not just a religion its followers call upon in times of need, or times of
sorrow, but it is a complete way of life no matter the situation. Similar to
Buddhism, in the Israeli-Palestinian conflict, Muslims believed that the land
of Jerusalem, and the land of Palestine was their holy land and homeland. They
did not want any non-Muslim settlers to settle into the region. Once the
Israeli’s began to push for a partition of Palestine, the Muslims began to deny
any separation of Palestine. Both the Muslims and the Jews believe the land of
Jerusalem to be a holy land of their religions. This very conflict created many
wars, and many brutal killings to happen between the Muslims of Palestine and
the Jewish people of Israel. Ever since the partition of Palestine, the two
groups have been in opposition; they cannot agree on anything, and they believe
that the other group is to blame for the religious and political tension
between the two. This situation shows a clear relationship between religion and
politics between the two groups fighting over land, a political characteristic.

their differences, the goal of the two religions is different. In Buddhism, the
goal is to obtain enlightenment and obtain Nirvana. The goal of Islam is to
fulfill a life that is completely in the name of Allah, and to live a life with
the Quran as their guide. Buddhism was a spiritual and enlightening religion
that then turned into a political battle in the region of Burma. Islam entered
a political stance right from the start of the religion because of the very
fact that Islam is the way of Muslims everyday life, and it is inevitable to
deny religion I the guidance of political power.

two religions have more in common in religion and politics than many may think.


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