In as 13,000. Around the world, NGOs make

In the late 1990s
and very early 2000s, Tanzania had witnessed the mushrooming of Non-Government
Organisations (NGOs) that were doing a commendable job in promoting SMEs.
Most of these NGOs were mainly into business training, credit delivery, ,
supporting market linkages, providing general consultancy and addressing
gender and environmental issues. However, most of those institutions supporting
SMEs were rather weak, disjointed, focused in urban areas and clumsy. (Small and Medium Enterprises Development (SME) Policy, 2002)

decade later (Razeen Jivani, 2010 University of Pennsylvania)
demonstrated that although the Tanzanian National NGO Coordination Board
and the Office of Registrar do exist and have records of existing NGOs, they
have not been able to compile all of them into one uniform database. The
registrar claims official registry of more than 3,900 NGOs both foreign and
domestic making an exclusion of NGOs that have been registered as other
entities i.e. societies, associations, companies, etc. Making a conclusion that
the total number of NGOs, regardless of their registration, can go to as high
as 13,000.

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Around the world, NGOs
make an invaluable contribution to the delivery of high-quality affordable
products and services. NGOs take the lead in developing information, education
and communication programs that are often a driving force behind service
delivery as well. Additionally, many NGOs have the organizational flexibility
to make changes to meet needs of a community.


The term
sustainability has gained significant popularity in policy-oriented research,
business development and social sector over the last few decades. It is the
most structured feature to ensure success to an organization; in this case NGOs
in Tanzania. Looking at the viewpoint of NGOs and respectively their donors,
sustainability of a project and operations solely entails the furtherance of
project activities and nourishment of project outcomes after the primary grant
expires. In recent years; donors have become more concerned about
sustainability aspect of a project rather than the organization and often fund
projects which have a well-defined sustainability plan in place. It is a
challenge for NGOs to ensure a steady flow of funds for implementing their
projects and sustaining their operational needs. Integrating sustainability ethics
in their ongoing projects can be an effective way to ensure long term impact.


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