I, Henry IV, also known as Henry of Navarre, was born on December 13, 1553. Although I was baptized as a Catholic, I was raised as a Protestant after my father passed away. At that time in France, there was a turmoil between the Huguenots and the Catholics, which would subsequently lead to strenuous quarrels.Following my mother’s death, I became heir to the throne and King of Navarre. I got married to Margaret of Valois who was the daughter of Catherine de’ Medici and Henry II. Because Margaret was Catholic and I was Protestant, it created conflicts between the Huguenots and Catholics.
This tension turned into St. Bartholomew’s Day Massacre, where thousands of Huguenots across France were killed. That whole tragedy was plotted by the mother of my wife, Catherine de’ Medici, and was carried out by many Catholics and Catholic nobles. I barely escaped my death and promised my wife that I will convert to Catholicism.
When the Duke of Anjou died in 1584, I became heir to the French throne. However, I was opposed by the Holy League which was made of Catholic noblemen and Pope Clement VIII. This situation lead to the War of the Three Henrys. I was against King Henry III of France and Duke of Guise, who was named Catholic Henry.I was fierce during that battle and won against the army of Henry III. Nonetheless, the Spanish interference had lead me to join forces with Henry III.
He ended up getting killed and I was announced the heir to the throne and the successor.It took me nine years after I was crowned king to secure my kingdom against the Holy League who wanted to excommunicate me from the throne. My army was growing exhausted and many of Henry III’s men abandoned me. I had to leave Paris, which was the League’s primary fortress.
I underwent several wars from 1589 to 1590, winning victoriously. But, I also had a couple of unsuccessful sieges like the Siege of Paris in 1590. I was able to win two towns from the Holy League, but then soon realized that this had to end because the wars had dragged on for too long.I converted to Catholicism in 1593, just a year after my failed attempt at the Siege of Rouen. Pope Clement VIII finally removed my excommunication in 1595.In 1598, only three years after the ban of my excommunication, I passed an edict stating that the state church was Roman Catholicism, yet Protestants had freedom to practice their own traditions freely.
Although I had converted to Catholicism, I gained the trust of the Protestants and promised them their rights. The edict was titled The Edict of Nantes. This was a temporary way of ending many years of religious friction and disagreements.I eventually married Marie de Medici after the Holy League nullified my marriage to Margaret of Valois.
My new wife gave birth to Louis XIII and four other children. One of my grandsons, Louis XIV, revoked the Edict of Nantes, making Protestantism illegal, closing Huguenot schools, and destroying their churches. He titled it Edict of Fontainebleau, which took place in 1685.My life ended when I was assassinated by a fanatic in Paris on 14 May, 1610I am one of the most popular figures in history due to my achievements and strong will to fight. I inspired many for my courageousness and justice, giving rights to both the Catholics and the Huguenots who had conflicts even before I was born, and leading France to many victories during my lifetime.