Welcome to my report on Greek gods and myths. You will learn about the
gods and what they did. It is also about the myths and legends of Greece.
The gods of Greece are alike many other types of gods. They were
pictured a lot like human men and women. The Greeks didn’t worship any animals.
The gods, like people were endowed with many weaknesses. The gods could be
jealous, envious, spiteful, and petty. The gods were held to be immortal, but
they had a beginning. The rites of many gods came from Egypt. Most of the gods
lived on Mt. Olympus.
the first gods
The first gods were the Titans. They were before all the other gods.
The Titans were the brothers Oceanus, Coeus, Crius, Hyperion, Iapetus, and
Cronus. Also the sisters Thea, Rhea, Themis, Mnemosye, Phobe, and Tethys.
Zeus was the strongest of all the gods. He ruled the weather by himself,
and the universe with 11 other gods. Zeus was the spiritual father of the gods.
He was usually armed with a thunderbolt He was also called Thunder. Hera was
the wife of Zeus. She was the goddess of marriage and childbirth. She was also
the queen of heaven . Poseidon was Zeus’ somewhat unruly brother. He was god
of the sea, of earthquakes, streams, and horses. Hesta was the sister of Zeus.
She was the goddess of the household. Ares was one of Zeus’ sons. He was the
god of war. He loved Aphrodite. Apollo was also a son of Zeus. Apollo drove
the chariot of the sun across the skies. He was the music maker of the gods and
was the god of light, music, medicine, agriculture, and prophecy. He was also
Known as Helios, the sun god. Hermes was the messenger of the gods and the
protector of travelers who escorted the dead down to Hades. He was also a son of
Zeus. Athena was Zeus’ favorite daughter because she had sprung fully armed
from his head when Zeus swallowed her mother, Metis. She was the goddess of
wisdom and war. Frequently she was called Pallas. Artemis was the twin
sister of Apollo. She was the moon goddess and also the goddess of vegetables,
birth, and the hunt. She was the favorite among people. Artimes was often
pictured with a stag or hunting dogs. Hades another one of Zeus’ daughters was
the ruler of the underworld. Later she was called Pluto. Aphrodite was the
goddess of love, beauty, and fertility. Hephaestus was the only ugly god. He
was the god of fire. He was skilled in craftsmanship. He forged the armor of
the gods. He was patron of handicrafts and protector of blacksmiths. Demeter
was the goddess of the Earth’s fruits. She was the mother of Persephone the
seed corn. Dionysus also Bacchus was the god of wine and intoxication. He was
a nature god of fruitfulness. The female worshippers of him were called
Meandads. They roamed around in a frantic drugged condition, hunting animals
and devouring their raw flesh. Pan was another god. He was a half man half
goat. The Fates were three old hags that were more powerful than the gods,
because they knew the past, present, future. Nine goddess called Muses, were
the patrons of music, poetry, dance, and literature.
The Heroes along with the gods were the characters in the myths and
legends. Hercules was the strongest and mightiest of all Greek heroes. Theseus
was another hero. He defeated the Minotaur. Polythemus was the hero that
defeated the Cyclops. Jason got the golden fleece. Preseus defeated Medusa.
Pandora was also a hero in a way. She was the one that opened the box with evil
spirits and hope inside.
legends and myths
The legends of Greece were made to explain the things they didn’t know
about. They also wrote myths and legends for entertainment. The myths and
legends had the gods and heroes as the characters. Some of the stories are
Theseus and the Minotaur, Pandora’s Box, Medusa and Preseus, and the story
of Polythemus and the cyclops.
making of man
The Greeks believed that Prometneus was the maker of man. He made man
by molding him out of clay. Then he got some of the gods together and used
their powers to make man live.
Greek ideas about the soul and afterlife were really not exact. But it was
thought apparently that the popular thought was that the soul hovered above its
tomb or departed to a shadowy region were it led a melancholy existence