Generally, a group or a team can be known as a model organization that consists of two or more individuals interact and work together for their specific goals. For identification of individuals of a group, we can base on the working time of group members, sharing or performance of group tasks or plans so that they could achieve a group success, and commitment of group regulations. Individuals of a group might be solid identities and have very created specific aptitudes, but when they work in a group, they will select a person having a leading ability, set a proper working time to collaborate uninhibitedly, impart straightforwardly and plainly with each other, and take a responsibility for group’s goals. There are various group forms and different goals and missions to classify a group. For social interaction needs, groups that members associate with each other to achieve their interesting goals. For example, a group is created for friends having similar hobbies and ages, or co-workers who cooperate to appeal their senior manager for their rights.
The characteristic of this group is the collaboration of members is independent on a structure and general objectives of an organization. The official organization is usually a group has an organizational chart and performs specific and professional tasks following organizational structure. Normally, groups experience 5 stages of improvement, a discovery was proved by a psychologist named Bruce Tuckman. In the Forming stage, individual relations are portrayed by reliance. Guidance and direction of the group leader are a foundation for group members basing on. Impressions and information about the likenesses and contrast among them are collected. On that basis, they shape inclinations for future subgrouping. Discussions between group members usually concerned about an orientation of group tasks.
To develop to the next stages, members need to adjust their rules of behavior to keep things simple and to stay away from controversy, as well as avoid serious subjects and feelings. The next stage, which Tuckman calls Storming, is reflected by increasing level of competition and conflicts between the individual relations. The cause of conflicts can result in personal fears, which can be fear of failure. Individual weaknesses may affect your team and make the structure of the organization unequally, and a conflict inevitably exists.
The conflict would be questions related to responsibility for tasks, system and criteria of evaluation, leadership and authority. A change of individual’s behavior will happen and generate discomfort between them. To grow to the next stage, setting a problem-solving mentality is critically important, and the ability to listen other people will greatly support for each member. In Tuckman’s Norming stage, the cohesion is portrayed for relations between individuals.
Group members enthusiastically attend to gather contributing ideas of other persons, group building and upkeep, and solving of gathering issues. Individuals will change their assumptions based on realities introduced by different individuals. Knowing each other more and more, the reliability of relations between them will add to the growth of group cohesion. People will get a connection in their group and go through a feeling of relief because of settling relational clashes. The coherence of member relations will improve when they exchange their personal feelings and perspectives.
They like being a piece of a powerful group. The main disadvantage of this stage is that group members might be worried about the inescapable separation of the group in future. In the Performing stage, the capacity, range, and depth of personal relations will be more close-knit and dependent each other. In this stage, people can work independently, separate into subgroup to work with equal facility. This stage would be characterized by close relations with members and addressing problems. Task orientation of members and problem-solving are highly productive. By now, every individual has a great ability to undertake their duties. Interrelation in members are closer, the loyalty of members is more intense.
The overall goal is problem-solving and working to improve productivity. Groups undergo an optimal development at this stage. Finally, Tuckman’s Adjourning stage, this stage refers to the breakup of relationships and the end of task behaviors. Members would have a chance to say goodbyes and a saying of compliment for their contribution and achievement. The termination of the group can create a crisis or make people experience a stage of mental trauma. Facilitation of the disengagement process is an effective way to this stage. There are some benefits when we work in a team.
Working in teams brings about benefits for both team members and the organizations in which they work. The cooperation of members will generate an enthusiasm and interaction of information and knowledge between team members. The enthusiasm will expand to all people in an organization, people will get the motivation to address obstacles and help their team as well as the organization be successful. For the sake of the group, people willing to collaborate and ignore their personal barriers, the competitiveness might reduce if the unity increases highly. Besides, when the information is exchanged between individuals, they will see the importance of working in a team. Information flows freely up and down and sideways.
Therefore, communication is another benefit. Working in a group also fill the gap of competence. Every person will have different backgrounds, talents, qualification, knowledge, and experiences. A strength of a man will be a significant support to a weakness of another person.
For an organization, when they institute different groups to take care specific work, the workload for a mere department will decrease. Furthermore, minor details of work will be considered carefully, it gets a high precision and finishing. the time for implementation might reduce because everyone works together to utilize time for the task. In addition, every single decision is approved and performed basin on a selection of group members. Every decision is a commitment, people will be responsible for their own decisions as well as solutions, and they also commit to fulfilling their duties successfully. People work cooperatively, they are guaranteeing that every part gets what he or she needs from the group to turn out an ideal work. Being a successful team, there is not only an individual but it also needs different constitutive factors