Form, through abstraction rather than a literal representation


Form, Feeling and Thought are three concepts which encompassed the Modernist Art Movements. Modernism strived to be original, to seek an avant-garde approach by fostering a period of experimentation in the world of art from the late 19th to mid 20th century subverting the old Victorian Standards of how art should be made, consumed, and mean. Instead of stressing new forms, materials, and techniques in order to create works. Modernism displayed three dimensions to the art form, creating new and distinctive impacts through experimentation of media, conveying emotions to the viewer and lastly conveying contemporary ideas of society to the audience. Modernism was driven by various social and political agendas, often revolved around utopia and the ideal visions of human life. These concepts were displayed in cubism through abstraction rather than a literal representation providing a more emotional connection to the audience allowed them to have a more active role to interpret the piece gaining the artists intention. Cubism was one of the most influential styles of the 20th century which began around 1907. Cubism an Avant-Garde art movement that revolutionises European painting. The cubist sought a radically new approach to traditional painting forms, working from multiple viewpoints, analysing, dissecting and rearranging elements. Abandoning realistic representations and perspectives instead concentrating on solidity and volume. This lead to emphasising two-dimensional flatness of the canvas instead of creating depth of 3D objects. A primary influence that led to Cubism was the representation of three-dimensional form in the late works of Paul Cézanne. Cubism developed into two distinct phases Analytical Cubism is one of two major branches of the movement of Cubism and was developed between 1908-1912. Analytic cubist ‘analysed’ natural forms and objects and distorted them into geometric parts within a two-dimensional plane. Analytical cubism colour palette is muted monochromatic tones rather than high density of colour as Analytic cubists focused on shapes such as cylinders, spheres and cones to represent the natural world. In contrast, Synthetic cubism (1912 – 1914) is an experimental form of art characterised by the wide range of materials, textures, vibrant colours, and creating dimension by having multiple viewpoints. Pablo Picasso a pioneer of the Cubist movement, a revolutionary style of modern art that Picasso formed in response to the rapidly changing modern world. Challenging conventional realistic art forms hence establishing Cubism. Cubism established a set of Pictorial problems, devices, and approaches, which remained important well into the 1950s. And at each stage of his career, from the classical works of the 1920s to the works produced in occupied Paris during the 1940s, his example was important. Even after the war, even though the energy in avant-garde art shifted to New York, Picasso remained a titanic figure and one who could never be ignored. When creating Cubist pieces, Picasso simplifies the subject or object into geometric components and planes creating distorted figures to replicate multiple viewpoints. Cubism adopted the ideals of how to see an object or figure rather than what the artist was looking at. 

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