Family: Thakkali konchu Synonyms: None Distribution: Off Tablas


Family:
Pandalidae

Genus:
Heterocarpus A. Milne Edwards, 1881

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4. Heterocarpus chani Li, 2006 

Common
Name: Indian nylon shrimp, Hump back nylon
shrimp, Thakkali konchu

Synonyms:
None

Distribution:
Off Tablas Island, Indian Seas and Kei
Islands. In India, in the Arabian, China, Sea, Bay of Bengal and Andaman sea.

Environment:
Depth of 220 to 640m, deep sea species.

Collection site: Sakthikulangara, Kalamukku, Azheekkal

Specimen examined: 46 females and 11 males

Description:
Colour of the body usually orange red -rose red, anterior rostral half whitish;
rostral length 0.6-1.0 times as long as carapace; rostrum reaching beyond
scaphocerite; dorsally armed with 7-10 (teeth including 4-5 teeth on carapace)
posterior to orbital margin, ventral teeth with 10-16  along entire length but with distal 2-3 teeth
obscure. Moderately elevated rostral crest on carapace two lateral carinae
present; postorbital carina extending posteriorly almost to posterior margin of
carapace and distinctly recurved downwards at posterior end; telson with 4
pairs of dorsolateral and 3 pairs of distal spines; branchiostegal carina sharp
and extending posteriorly to 75-80% of carapace length; no spine on abdominal
tergites, boss on third somite distinct and with lateral borders somewhat
carinate, width 0.2-0.3 and length 0.7-0.8 times long as somite; posteroventral
tooth only on pleura IV and V. Maxilliped III with very short exopod, 0.2-0.3
times as long as antepenultimate segment; carpus  of pereiopod IV with  1-2 spines, merus with 1 distinct apical
spine and 10-13 lateral spines, ischium having 2 spines; carpus and ischium of
pereiopod III bearing 0-2 spines, merus with lateral spines 1-6 mesial and 10-15,
propodus and  dactylus 0.2-0.4 times long.
Carpus of pereiopod V with 0-1 spines, 10-13 lateral spines on merus, no spine
on ischium coloration.

Remarks:
Good fishery, caught along with H.
woodmasoni. Economicallly highly valuable.

Original description:
Li, X., 2006b. Additional pandaloid shrimps from
the South     China Sea (Crustacea:
Decapoda: Caridea), with description of one new species. Raffles Bulletin of
Zoology, 54: 361-372.

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