Heterocarpus A. Milne Edwards, 1881
4. Heterocarpus chani Li, 2006
Name: Indian nylon shrimp, Hump back nylon
shrimp, Thakkali konchu
Off Tablas Island, Indian Seas and Kei
Islands. In India, in the Arabian, China, Sea, Bay of Bengal and Andaman sea.
Depth of 220 to 640m, deep sea species.
Collection site: Sakthikulangara, Kalamukku, Azheekkal
Specimen examined: 46 females and 11 males
Colour of the body usually orange red -rose red, anterior rostral half whitish;
rostral length 0.6-1.0 times as long as carapace; rostrum reaching beyond
scaphocerite; dorsally armed with 7-10 (teeth including 4-5 teeth on carapace)
posterior to orbital margin, ventral teeth with 10-16 along entire length but with distal 2-3 teeth
obscure. Moderately elevated rostral crest on carapace two lateral carinae
present; postorbital carina extending posteriorly almost to posterior margin of
carapace and distinctly recurved downwards at posterior end; telson with 4
pairs of dorsolateral and 3 pairs of distal spines; branchiostegal carina sharp
and extending posteriorly to 75-80% of carapace length; no spine on abdominal
tergites, boss on third somite distinct and with lateral borders somewhat
carinate, width 0.2-0.3 and length 0.7-0.8 times long as somite; posteroventral
tooth only on pleura IV and V. Maxilliped III with very short exopod, 0.2-0.3
times as long as antepenultimate segment; carpus of pereiopod IV with 1-2 spines, merus with 1 distinct apical
spine and 10-13 lateral spines, ischium having 2 spines; carpus and ischium of
pereiopod III bearing 0-2 spines, merus with lateral spines 1-6 mesial and 10-15,
propodus and dactylus 0.2-0.4 times long.
Carpus of pereiopod V with 0-1 spines, 10-13 lateral spines on merus, no spine
on ischium coloration.
Good fishery, caught along with H.
woodmasoni. Economicallly highly valuable.
Li, X., 2006b. Additional pandaloid shrimps from
the South China Sea (Crustacea:
Decapoda: Caridea), with description of one new species. Raffles Bulletin of
Zoology, 54: 361-372.