Ernest Sea. The story The Old Man


Ernest HemingwayChris Ivie American Literature Dr. Breeden 10/2/96Many of Ernest Hemingway’s books have had different meaning and allcould be interpreted in different way, but there has never been so much writtenabout his other stories. Well the Old Man and the Sea had more written about itthan any of his other novels and there have never been so many different typesof interpretations about his other novels. The Old Man and the Sea is a book inwhich can be interpreted in many different ways.

Here you will read what manycritics have composed about the story of a great writer, Ernest Hemingway.Many of the critics have the same outlook on the works of Hemingway.Hemingway’s work The Old man and the Sea can be looked at in many differentperspectives. All the critics believed that his styling of writing was verydefined.In 1944 Ernest Hemingway went to Havana, Cuba and it was there he wrotea letter to Maxwell Perkins which states he has a idea on a new novel calledThe Old Man and the Sea ( Nelson and Jones 139). Hemingway first got his ideafor The Old Man and the Sea from the stories that he had heard in the smallfish cities in Cuba by a man named Carlos Gutierrez. He had known of this manfor about twenty years and the stories of the fighting marlins. It was thenthat he imagined that man under the two circumstances and came up with the idea.

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After about twenty years of pondering on the story , he decided that he wouldstart on the novel of The Old Man and the Sea. The story The Old Man and theSea is about a old man named Santiago who has to over come the great forces ofnature. Things seem to always go wrong for him because originally he startedout going to fish for some dinner, then he caught the biggest marlin ever andit pulled him out in the bay of Cuba even more then he was. After he was pulledout, he hurt his hands and couldn’t risk going to sleep because of the risk ofsharks.

When the sharks finally attacked he lost the marlin which had become agreat part of him because he knew that no one would believe him when he toldthem the size of the marlin. This has to be one of the most memorable fights ina novel that I have ever seen, but I think that the way he put the noveltogether was just as good as that of the fight.When he put them together it was then that he relized that what he wasactually writing about was a struggle of man vs. nature. He liked the idea ofman vs.

nature and decided to use it in the struggle scene with the marlin.Magill wrote,” the book can be seen as a fable of the unconquerable spirit ofman, a creature capable of snatching spiritual victories from thecircumstances of disaster and material defeat” (Magill 4325). Also it issaid,” the conflict is of the strength of a ordinary man and the power ofnature”(Magill 4325). I feel that Santiago plays a large role in the novel bybeing able not to give in and prove to the element of nature that he would overcome them in the long run. Magill wrote,” The Old Man and the Sea is a direct descendant of MobyDick”(Magill 4326). He feels that the struggle between Santiago and themarlin is very much like that of the whale and the captain in Moby Dick. Thesimilarities between The Old Man and the Sea and Moby Dick are extremelynoticeable after reading both of the stories back to back, but there aredifferences in the story line. The main difference is that Santiago never comesout with anything unlike the captain in Moby Dick.

Santiago was left with justa broken boat, a bad fishing pole, and the misery of defeat.The story could also be interpreted as being religious because of thestruggle that Santiago was put though. Also it is felt by some people to bereligious because of the way he only cut his palms( from the rope), his feet(on the front of the boat) and his head(when the bow hit him in the head). It isoften portrayed as that of Jesus on the cross. I don’t know if I really agreewith this interpretation of it being religious. The reason I don’t agree withthis is because if everytime someone got cut on the hands and feet in a movieor book then I guess that they too resemble that of Jesus on the cross.

This story has many different interpretations to it, but would theinterpretations be if the story contained everyone from the village in it andsowed how the were raised, born, educated, and bore children. This story couldhave been well over a thousand pages if the above were included (Plimpton 125).The big question that I ask is though, if all the above were included in thenovel, how different do you think that the interpretation would be? I feelthat the interpretations would be so very different because the whole story becircled around that of the battle between Santiago and the marlin. Also, Ibelieve that the religious interpretations would be not as strong because ofdealing more with the life of the city people and that of Santiago.Hemingway is a writer who creates things out of his head.

If he wasn’t agenius then how come did he win a Pulitzer Pride for the story The Old Man andthe Sea Hemingway states,” I knew two or three things about the situation, butI didn’t know the story” ” I didn’t even know if that big fish was going tobite for the old man when it started smelling around the bait. I had to write oninventing out of knowledge. You reject everything that is not or can’t becompletely true.”(Bruccoli 179) I think that Hemingway is a genius for writingthis novel because in my point of view it shows the battle between human andnature and that really caught my attention rereading this novel for the thirdtime. I also caught the moral of the story in my point of view, and that isnot everything good that you have is always going to be there. To me that meansalot because that moral also refers alot about your family as well as friends.Hemingway is looked upon as one of the greatest writers to ever set footon this earth in the twentieth century. He is a writer who is know for leavingvery little left unsaid or leave you wondering, for example, what’s going tohappen, is he gonna die or not.

As you could see in this novel he got to thepoint in a direct manner without leaving anything unsaid and he definitelydidn’t leave you thinking about if Santiago was going to live or not.Many people do not like the writings of Ernest Hemingway because theyfeel most everything that he writes about is unhappy or make believe. FredrickBusch said at one point in time ,” He didn’t want to read that of which wasunhappy or make believe” referring to Hemingway’s work (Bryfonski 130). Manyhave said to believe that The Old Man and the Sea was written about the lifeof Ernest Hemingway, which in reality it was written about a Cuban by the nameof Carlos Gutierrez. However some of the parts in this story do relate tothings Hemingway has experienced.In conclusion, The Old Man and the Sea can be interpreted in manydifferent forms, but I think it isn’t how you interpret it. Don’t get me wrongsome people like to read to see how many ways you can interpret it but , youshould read a novel to learn from others mistakes and also for the pleasure ofexpanding you knowledge American and English literature. I could name manydifferent books in which I have read that have actually left a impact on mylife in some sort or another.

BibliographiesBruccoli, Matthew J. Conversations with Ernest Hemingway.Mississippi: UP Mississippi, 1986Bryfonski, Dedria. Contemporary Authors. Michigan: Bok Towers,1984Magill,Frank M. Masterplots.

8 vols., New Jersey: Salem Press,1976Nelson, Gerald B., and Glory Jones.Hemingway: Life and Works.

New York: Facts on FilePublications,1984Wagner, Linda W. Ernest Hemingway, Five Decades of Criticism .Michigan: Michigan State UP, 1974Wagner, Linda W. Ernest Hemingway, Six Decades of Criticism.Michigan: Michigan State UP, 1982

Ernest City was a lot more complex


Ernest Hemingway lived his life as he wanted. His writing touched the hearts of millions. His sentences were short and to the point but his novels strong and unforgettable. He wrote about what he felt like writing about. On July 21, 1899, Ernest Hemingway was born. He was created by Dr. Clarence Edmonds and Grace Hall Hemingway.

His hometown was a small town named Oak Park. Oak Park was in Illinois. His father was a practicing doctor, and later taught him how to hunt and fish. His mother on the other hand had wished that he would become a professional musician. Hemingway did not like his mother and when he grew up he would call her “the old bitch”.

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He grew up in a somewhat religious environment. He went to Oak Park and River Forest High School, which is where he realized his writing gift. Besides writing, other activities that he loved included swimming, and boxing. When he was18 years old he had an important decision to make he could either move to Kansas city, which was growing more and more every day, or he could go to collage.

His final choice was that he would move to Kansas City. In Kansas City he got a job as a cub reporter on the Kansas City Star. At the train station his father, who latter on in Ernest’s life would commit suicide which would totally disgust Ernest, kissed his son goodbye with tears in his eyes. This exact moment in time would be the soul purpose for a book he wrote called “For Whom the Bell Tolls”. One of the reasons why he wrote that book is because he felt so much older than his father at that time that he could hardly bear it any longer.

While he was at Kansas City he was quite and did not stand out much. He stayed to himself. He went through a little culture shock due to the fact that Kansas City was a lot more complex than Oak Hill was. His writing style was first introduced by the Star. His writing was brief, and to the point.

His writing had to be like that at the time because he was a news writer, but he would carry that style over to fiction when the time came. In May of 1918, Hemingway wanted to join the Army but could not due to a defective left eye which he inherited from his mother. Instead of joining the Army he joined the Red Cross. Later on in his Red Cross years he became Second Lieutenant of the Red Cross.

While he was overseas he was sneaking smokes and chocolate into the soldiers he was hit in the leg by an Austrian machine gun. He also got over a hundred pieces of metal stuck in his body. Even though he was in extreme pain he managed to carry a wounded soldier to safety which was a hundred yards away. For his courageous action he won the Italian Medal of Valor. He spent all of his recovery time at the Ospedale Croce Rossa American, in Milan. His stay in Italy was the perfect place for his novel A farewell to arms.

He was allowed to go home after his stay at the American Hospital in Italy. He returned to Oak Hill without any complaints. He lived with his mom until he refused to get a job was kicked out of the house. After that he moved to Chicago and got a job writing for the Toronto Star and was a sparring partner for boxers.

It was in Chicago that he met a very pretty lady named Elizabeth Hadly Richerdson. Hemingway badly wanted to marry her but money was a problem so they moved to Paris. Because he had a child on the way and no real publications, he decided to move back to Canada. It was there that John Hadly Hemingway was born in 1923. His nick name was Bumby, that was also the name he preferred to be called by.When he was in the Spanish was he fought the way he wanted to fight, he attended dinner parties in London. The parties were way away from the fighting lines (D-Day had already passed by now).

After a drunken party where he babbled on about hunting, fishing, and bull fighting he was in an extremely bad car accident. He was hospitalized for having serious head trama. Well when Martha got there she did not comfort him with kind words she laughed at his sad state as he lay in the hospital. In a flash he got rid of her.Well after that he got a Nobel Peace prize for a new book called “The Old Man and the Sea”. During a plane trip, the plane crashed leaving him with a concussion, paralysis of the sphincter, first degree burns in his face, arm and head, a sprained right arm and shoulder, a crushed vertebra, and a ruptured liver, spleen and kidney.

He was in continuos pain for quite a while. He was latter committed to the Mayo Clinic in Rochester, Minnesota. Before he went to Minnesota he had a big birthday party that took 2 months to plan. There was champaign from pairs, Chinese food from London, codfish from Madrid. There was a shooting booth, fireworks specialist, flamenco dancers, waiters, barmen, and cooks from all over the world. This party lasted 24 hours from noon of July 21st to noon July 22nd.

There were guests from allover. Guest that where invited where General C. T. Lanham from Washington, Ernest’s old pals from Paris, Italian Royalty and the Maharajah of Behar. When it was allover Ernest said “What I enjoyed most about the party is that these old friends still care enough to come so far. The thing about old friends now s that there are so few of them” There where a couple shocks in his life.

One of them was the death of one of his closest friend which died of cancer. Another shock was when he was forced to move out of his only true home during the Cuban revolution came there, and the last shock was when his black lab died, he was his one true companion. He would lie at Ernest’s feet when he was writing. On April 23rd 1961, Ernest tried to kill himself by putting a gun to his head. At about 7:30 a.m.

on July 2, 1961, Mary Hemingway, his wife at the time, heard a gun go off in the other room. She hurried towards the sound of the gunshot. Down stairs by the gun rack she saw Ernest with his favorite 12 gauge shot gin whish was laid with silver. That shotgun had been made just for him. After Mary’s shock was over she went over to her neighbors house and told then to call the press. When the press arrived she made an announcement: “Mr.

Hemingway accidently shot himself while cleaning a gun yesterday morning at 7:30 a.m. No time has been set for the funeral services, which will be private.” After that announcement had been made, his son John said the following:”Mary made a mistake in saying that he was cleaning a shotgun, I mean, somebody said ‘What was he doing?!’ and she said ‘Cleaning a shotgun.’ There also was a big point made that the hunting season was over but, hell, they used to shoot clay birds outside in the block all the time.

Not only that, but if you have guns or anything else you like very much, that you pick it up you should be very careful with them, no matter what anybody may feel. There is doubt.”Ernest Hemingway was buried July 6, 1961 beneath the way cool scape of the Sawtooth Mountains. Only about 50 people mostly Idaho neighbors gathered in a small Katchum cemetery near a federal highway.

They all gathered around his rose covered coffin. During his service Mary and Hemingway’s 3 sons asked the priest to read Hemingway’s favorite passage from Ecclesiastes. However the priest did not understand the meaning of their request, so he read only the first line which was in different wording from its original version.

He read from the Roman Catholic Douay version. One of the things that he said during the ceremony is, “Oh Lord, grant thy servant Earnest the remission of his sins. Eternal rest grant unto him, O Lord.”Latter that day John said ” we where awfully disappointed.

But the priest just plain didn’t realize.”The first line that the priest did say that was wrong was “one generation passeth away, and another generation cometh, but the earth standeth forever” And of corse the most famous line of all:”The sun also rises”

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