The Constitution of the United States
The Preamble states the broad purposes the Constitution is intended to serve – to establish a government that provides for greater cooperation among the States, ensures justice and peace, provides for defense against foreign enemies, promotes the general well-being of the people, and secures liberty now and in the future.
Article I of the Constitution is based on the legislative department. Section 1. Legislative Power; the Congress: is the nations lawmaking body. It is composed of two houses: the Senate and the House of Representatives. Section 2. House of Representatives: shall be made up of members chosen every second year by the people of the several States. Section 3. Senate: The Senate of the United States shall be composed of two Senators from each State for six years; and each Senator shall have one vote. Section 4. Elections and Meetings: the times, places, and manner of holding elections for Senators and Representatives, shall be prescribed in each State by the legislature. Section 5. Legislative Proceedings: each house will be the judge of the elections, returns, and qualifications of its own members, and a majority of each wins. Section 6. Compensation, Immunities, and Disabilities of Members: Senators and Representatives will receive a compensation for their services, to be ascertained by law. Section 7. Revenue Bills, Presidents Veto: all bills for raising revenue shall originate in the House of Representatives, but the Senate may propose or concur with amendments as on other bills. Every bill which passes both houses, will, before it becomes a law, be presented to the President of the United States; if he approves, he will sign, but if not, he shall return it with his objections. Section 8. Powers of Congress: the Congress shall have power in order to lay and collect taxes, duties, imposts, and excises, to pay the debts, and provide for the general welfare of the United States. Section 9. Powers Denied to Congress: the migration or importation of such persons as any of the States now existing will think proper to admit, shall not be prohibited by the Congress prior to the year one thousand eight hundred and eight; but a tax or duty may be imposed on such importation. Section 10. Powers Denied to the States: no state shall get into any sort of treaty, alliance, or confederation; grant letters of marque and reprisal; coin money; emit bills of credit; make anything but gold and silver coins, or grant any title of nobility.
Article II of the Constitution is talks about the Executive department. This Article is only made up of 4 sections, compared to Article I and its 10 sections. Section 1. Presidents and Vice President: the executive power shall be vested in a President of the United States of America. He shall hold his office during the term of four years, and together with the Vice President, be chose for the same term. Section 2. Presidents Powers and Duties: the President is the Commander in Chief of the army and navy of the United States, and of the militia of the several States. He shall have power to make treaties, nominate, appoint ambassadors and judges of the Supreme Court. The President has power to fill up vacancies in the Senate. Section 3. Presidents Powers and Duties: he shall from time to time, give to Congress information of the stat of the Union, and recommend to their consideration if such measures are necessary. Section 4. Impeachment: the President and Vice President, and all civil officers of the United States, can be removed from office on impeachment for, treason, bribery, or other high crimes and misdemeanors.
Article III is based on the Judicial department and it consists of only three sections. Section 1. Courts, Terms of Office: the judicial power of the United States shall be vested in one Supreme Court, and in such inferior courts as the Congress may from time to time ordain and establish. Section 2. Jurisdiction: the judicial power will extend to all cases, in law and equity, arising under this Constitution, the laws of the United States, and treaties made. Section 3. Treason: Treason against the United States shall only in levying war against them. Congress shall have power to declare the punishment of treason.
Article IV talks about the relation among states in the United States of America. Section 1. Full Faith and Credit: will be gave in each state to the public acts, records, and judicial proceedings of every other State. Section 2. Privileges and Immunities of Citizens: the citizen of each State shall be entitled to all privileges and immunities of citizens in the several States. Section 3. New States; Territories: New states may be admitted by the Congress into our Union; but no new State will be formed or erected within the jurisdiction of any other State. Section 4. Protection Afforded to States by the Nation: the United States shall guarantee to every State in this union a republican form of government.
Article V of the Constitution is one of the shortest Articles next to the ratifications but is needed to confirm Provisions for Amendment: The Congress will propose amendments to this Constitution, with two-thirds vote of both Houses and they deem it necessary; they can call a convention for proposing amendments.
Article VI is about the National debts, Supremacy of National Law, Oath.