BristolIntroductionBristol is a city, located in South West England with a population around 454,200 in 2016. The county hasa 10th-largest population inEngland and is 8th largest in population in the United Kingdom,according to a report from 2015. The city edges South Gloucestershire and North Somerset, alongwith the cities of Gloucester to the north-east and Bath to the south-east. Nearthe 0junction of rivers Avon and Frome, Roman villas and Iron Age hill fortswere built. The settlement was known as Brycgstow, the place on the bridge,around the start of the 11th century. In 1155, Bristol received aroyal charter and was split between Somerset and Gloucestershire until 1373, whenBristol itself became a county.
Between 13th and 18thcentury, after London, Bristol was among the top three English cities in taxreceipts. Due to the expeditious rise of Manchester, Liverpool and Birminghamin the Industrial Revolution, Bristol was surpassed. For early voyagers,Bristol was beginning place of exploration to the New World. In 1497, JohnCabot, a Venetian, became the first European on a ship out of Bristol, sincethe Vikings to land on mainland North America. William Weston, a merchant ofBristol, in 1499, was the first Englishman who led an exploration to NorthAmerica. Between 1700 and 1807, when Bristol Slave trade was at a peak, around 500,000 people from Africa werecarried in more than 2000 slave ships for slavery in Americas. The Port ofBristol when controlled by Bristol City Council, was the commercial title ofthe Avonmouth, Bristol city, Royal Portbury Docks, Portishead.
It has sincemoved from Bristol Harbour which is located at the city centre to Severn Estuary.Bristol pound is the largest circulating community currency in the UnitedKingdom. In 2009, Bristol was selected as one of the world’s top ten cities byDorling Kindersley, an international travel publishers. Bristol has been titledas the best city in Britain to reside in by The Sunday Times in 2014 and 2017.
In the year 2015, Bristol was awarded the EU’s European green Capital Awards.GeographyThecity is extended from Mendip Hills in the south to the Cotswolds in thenortheast and is part of a limestone. Both the rivers, Avon and Frome runs tothe underlying clay, through the limestone, forming Bristol’scharacteristically hilly landscape.
The gorge has been dredged for the stoneto construct the city while its surrounding land has been preserved fromdevelopment as Leigh Woods and The Downs. Bristol is 77 miles south-southwestof Birmingham, 26 miles east of the Welsh Capital Cardiff, 106 miles west ofLondon and 60 miles east – southeast of Swansea. Environment As per Bristol’s environmental performance,approaches to climate change, biodiversity, recycling, quality of life andfuture-proofing, it was classified as Britain’s most sustainable city. It hadtopped the environmental charity Forum for the Future’s 2008 Sustainable CitiesIndex. The Local initiatives include Sustrans and Resourcesaver.
The former isa United Kingdom sustainable transport charity. The latter is a non-profitbusiness established by Avon Friends of the Earth in 1988. Bristol is the firstUK city to receive European Green Capital Award in the year 2015.EducationThe University of Bristol, a “redbrick”chartered in 1909 while its main building opened in 1925 and the PolytechnicUniversity, opened in 1969, are two prime institutes of higher education inBristol. In 1992, the Polytechnic University became the University of the Westof England. The city also accommodates the campus of the University of Law.
There are two further education institutions, South Gloucestershire andStroud College and City of Bristol College in the city. Bristol also has three theologicalcolleges, which includes: Wesley College, Bristol Baptist College and TrinityCollege. The city has three learning centres, 129 infant, primary and juniorschools, 17 secondary schools and England’s second highest number ofindependent schools.