Based than a curse. Once Pandora was created,

Based on the
information I have read in Hesiod’s, Works and Days and Theology, I believe that Hesiod intended the audience
to perceive Elpis as a blessing. According to many sources, Pandora is
described to be the first mortal woman, who was shaped out of clay by gods. Prometheus
was supposed to have the responsibility of creating mankind. He then became dissatisfied
and decided to steal fire from heaven. Zeus was so mad by what Prometheus did,
that he made the other gods create the first woman, Pandora, making her
beautiful and sly:

“So spake Zeus in anger, whose wisdom is
everlasting; and from that time he was always mindful of the trick, and would
not give the power of unwearying fire to the Melian race of mortal men who live
on the earth” (Hesiod, Theogony,
line 545).

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Zeus then had Pandora sent to Prometheus’s
younger brother, Epimetheus to be his bride. Zeus gave Pandora a pithos, which
is described as a storage jar, as a wedding gift. As Pandora opened this box,
she released the spirits that were inside. These spirits were intended to haunt
mankind forever after and bring them great misery. However, there was one
spirit which was left behind. Zeus
refused to allow her to release Hope, which is the spirit called
Elpis. Elpis was left behind, to ease this misery of man. Therefore, I believe
that Elpis is intended to be a blessing, rather than a curse.


Pandora was created, the necessity for men to fulfil duties like feeding their
wives and offspring became essential. Now there was no extra time for leisure
or any real hope left for them. Hesiod explains that these times are the worst that
he can imagine, and almost as bad as death:


“But when he had made the beautiful evil to
be the price for the blessing, he brought her out, delighting in the finery
which the bright-eyed daughter of a mighty father had given her, to the place
where the other gods and men were. And wonder took hold of the deathless gods and
mortal men when they saw that which was sheer guile, not to be withstood by
men. For from her is the race of women and female kind: of her is the deadly
race and tribe of women who live amongst mortal men to their great trouble, no
helpmeets in hateful poverty, but only in wealth” (Hesiod, Theogony, line 585).


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